A Prohibition Against Conducting Business with Jews
Wiewol ein Ehrnvester Rath der Statt Nürmberg, hiebevor zu unterschiedlichen Jahren Mandat und Warnung, nicht allein außgehen lassen, sonder auch verodnet haben, daß zu steter erinnerung, neben andern ihren Mandaten, Jährlich ab der Cantzel verlessen werden soll, das niemandt ihrer Burger … von Juden oder Jüdin, einig Gelt auff Unterpfandt nicht aufnehmen … sollen.
[Nuremberg]: June, 1618
Folio: 21 x 32.5 cm. Single leaf broadside
A fine copy of this extremely rare broadside. I have located only two copies worldwide, both in Germany (Wofenbüttel and Munich.)
A mandate by which the city of Nuremberg prohibits its citizens from borrowing money from Jewish lenders, and from performing any business transactions, or entering into any financial contracts with “Jews or Jewesses”. Jews are also forbidden to act as moneylenders in the city. The edict was passed in 1618, the year in which Nuremberg established its first lending-house, the rules of which were modeled on the regulations for lending established in Augsburg, in which city Jews were also prohibited (since 1591) from lending money.
Nuremberg was the economic hub of Middle Franconia and the 1618 edict disrupted Jewish life in the region. Nuremberg had expelled its Jewish citizens in 1499 but by the early 17th c. at least thirty-eight towns and villages within a 30-mile radius of Nuremberg had Jewish populations. In neighboring Fürth, for example, where Jews were denied citizenship but were permitted to operate as moneylenders, the Jewish population in 1617 numbered 1,500. The synagogue (the “Altschul”) erected in that same year testifies to the affluence of the community at the time.
VD17 23:677931Z (Wofenbüttel); KVK/OCLC add Munich only.