Science, Medicine, & Natural History

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Aldrovandi’s Natural History of Monsters. The First Treatise on Teratology. Bound in Contemporary Pigskin With Clasps

Aldrovandi, Ulisse (1522-1605); Ambrosini, Bartolomeo (1588-1657)
Monstrorum historia cum Paralipomenis historiae omnium animalium.

Bologna: Typis Nicolai Tebaldini, 1642

Large Folio: 35 x 24.5 cm. Two volumes in one: I. †4 (including engraved t.p.), A-Z6, Aa-Zz6, Aaa-Ppp6, Qqq8, Rrr6, Sss8; II. A-O6 (final signature O has 5 leaves, as in all copies examined. See note at end of description.)

$25,000.00

Aldrovandi’s “Monstrorum historia” was the first treatise on teratology, the study of deformities and monsters. The subjects are drawn from across the spectrum of living creatures: animal (humans, other mammals, fishes, insects) and botanical. Aldrovandi also considers celestial monstra, including such portents as comets. There are also descriptions and images of Native Americans “from the island of Florida” and West Indian “cannibals”, as well as the mythical blemmyae or “headless men”, rumored to live in Africa, the West Indies, and other remote parts of the world.

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NISSEN ZBI 74.R. As regards the 5-leaf final signature O in the “Paralipomena”, I have left the quire as “O6” in my collation since it is unclear if there was a cancelland leaf O5, or if final O6 was a blank. Either way, the final quire is consistent with all copies examined.

Astronomy and Meteorology; Flora and Fauna: The Natural World in the Middle Ages. With 15th c. Provenance. Bound at the Monastery of St Zeno

Berenger of Landorra, Archbishop of Santiago de Compostela (circa 1262-1330), and Gregory of Vorau (ed. Matthias Farinator)
Lumen Animae. Incipit: Liber moralitatum elegantissimus magnarum reru[m] naturalium lumen anime dict[us]: cu[m] septe[m] apparitorib[us] necno[n] sanctoru[m] doctoru[m] orthodoxe fidei p[ro]fessorum Poetaru[m] etia[m] ac oratoru[m] auctoritatib[us] p[er] modum pharatre s[e]c[un]d[u]m ordine[m] alphabeti collectis feliciter incipit.

Strasbourg: Printer of the 1481 Legenda aurea, 22 March 1482

Folio: 29.2 x 21.8 cm. 274 unsigned leaves. [A-C]8, [D]10; [a-m]8, [n]6,[o-z]8, [aa-ff]8, [gg]10. Complete with the initial and final blanks.

$35,000.00

The arrival of printed books is so often regarded as one of the inaugural moments of the renaissance that it is sometimes forgotten that the first years of print also represented the last great flowering of the Middle Ages. The “Lumen Anime” (Light of the Soul), is testament to that. Formerly attributed to the Carmelite friar Mathias Farinator of Vienna (who compiled the index), the “Lumen Anime” is now known to be Berenger of Landorra, General of the Dominican order and archbishop of Campostella from 1317 to 1325.

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BMC I, 97; Hain-Copinger 10333*; Goff L-396; Proctor 413; Polain 1468; Wellcome I, 2175; Klebs 631.3; Thorndyke III, 546ff. Sources: Mary A. and Richard H. Rouse, ‘The Texts called Lumen Anime,’ Archivum Fratrum Praedicatorum, 41 (Rome, 1971), 5-113; N.R. Ker, Records of All Soul’s College Library. 1437-1600 (Oxford, 1971), 27.

With an Engraving of Besler’s Wunderkammer & 31 Engraved Plates of Specimens

Besler, Basilius (1561-1629)
Continvatio rariorvm et aspectv dignorvm varii generis quae collegit et svis impensis aeri ad vivvm incidi cvravit atqve evvlgavit

Nuremberg, by the author, [chronogram date] 1622

Oblong Quarto: 29.2 x 20.5 cm. Contents: Engraved title page, 1 leaf of letterpress, 31 engraved plates. Complete.

$28,000.00

Both the Fasciculus and Continuatio are quite rare. For the U.S., OCLC records only 2 copies of the Fasciculus (Harvard and Yale) and only 5 copies of the Continuatio (Chicago Botanic Garden, Linda Hall, Getty, Johns Hopkins, and Philadelphia Academy of Natural Sciences.)

Basil Besler (1561-1629), compiler of the celebrated Hortus Eystettensis, 1613, was a Nuremberg apothecary and one of the first to assemble a natural history Wunderkammer.

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Wellcome 826; Nissen ZBI 345

Boyle's Color Experiments - With Contemporary Provenance

Boyle, Robert (1627-91)
Experiments and considerations touching colours. First occasionally written, among some other essays, to a friend; and now suffer’d to come abroad as the beginning of an experimental history of colours. By the Honourable Robert Boyle, Fellow of the Royal Society

London: printed for Henry Herringman at the Anchor in the Lower Walk of the New Exchange, 1664

Octavo: 16.5 x 10.5 cm. [40], 423, [1] p., With 1 folding plate. Collation: A8, a8, b4, B-Z8, Aa-Dd8, Ee4

$12,000.00

"Robert Boyle (1627–1691) was perhaps the most famous natural philosopher of his day: he was one of the most forceful advocates of the mechanical philosophy as well as the experimental philosophy, which together were the foundations of the dominant ideological intellectual program in the second half of the seventeenth century.

"In his Experiments and Considerations Touching Colours, first published in 1664, Boyle’s stated purpose is to provide experiments and observations that “enquire seriously into the Nature of Colours, and assist in the Investigation of it.

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Fulton 57; ESTC R19422; Wing (2nd ed., 1994), B3967

Boyle's Law

Boyle, Robert (1627-91)
New Experiments Physico-Mechanical, touching the Spring of the Air, and its effects, made, for the most part, in a new pneumatical engine… London: Printed by Miles Flesher for Richard Davis, Bookseller in Oxford, 1682. [bound with] [2] A Continuation of New Experiments Physico-Mechanical, Touching the Spring and Weight of the Air, and their effects. The I. Part. Oxford: Printed by Henry Hall…for Richard Davis, 1669. [bound with] [3] A Continuation of New Experiments Physico-Mechanical, Touching the Spring and Weight of the Air, and their effects. The second part.

London: Printed by Miles Flesher for Richard Davis, 1682

Quarto: 19.5 x 16 cm. 3 works in 2 volumes (the two continuations bound first): 1st Vol. "Continuation… the I. Part"(1669) and "Continuation… the second part"(1682). Collations: *4, **4, A2, B-Z4, Aa-Dd4, Ee2. With 8 engraved plates after p. 198; A4, a4, b2, B-Z4, Aa-Cc4, Dd2. With 5 plates bound after p. 198. 2nd Vol. "New Experiments"(1682) in 3 parts. Collation: A4, a4, B-Z4, Aa-Tt4, Vv4 (-Vv4), a-o4. With 2 engraved plates. The last part is bound first.

$15,000.00

THIRD EDITION of Boyle’s book on his original experiments on air, his first scientific work and the one on which his fame rests. This edition, like the second, includes his controversial tracts against Linus and Hobbes, the former provoking an attack to which Boyle wrote a defence that contained “Boyle’s law”, first published in the second edition and present here.

[2] FIRST EDITION.

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Wing B4000, B3934, B3935. Fulton 15, 16, 18. See Horblit 15, PMM 143, and the Norman catalogue 300 for the second edition. Neville I, p. 192, has the same combination of works as are present here.

Cardano’s Great Encyclopedia of Science & Nature. \"The most advanced representation of physical knowledge up to his time.” (Dibner)

Cardano, Girolamo (1501-1576)
De subtilitate libri XXI. nunc demum recogniti atque perfecti.

Basel: L. Lucius, 1554

Folio: 32 x 21.5 cm. [24], 561 pp. Collation: [alpha]-[gamma]4, a-z4, A-Z4, Aa-Zz4, Aaa5. Last leaf blank and lacking.

$7,500.00

Cardano’s “De Subtilitate” "Represents the most advanced representation of physical knowledge up to his time and the idea that all creation is in progressive development" (Dibner). This is the second folio edition. It includes Cardano's famous statement 'Igitur his arbitrio victoriae relictis' (p. 354), which caused Cardano's denouncement for heresy (see below) and which was therefore edited out of subsequent editions.

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VD 16, C 932; IA 132.064; Adams C 670; Riccardi I/1, 252, 6.3; Durling 847; Alden-L. 554/10; See Dibner 139, Sinkankas 1145 & DSB III, 66.

The Most Beautiful Astronomical Atlas of the 17th Century. An Extraordinary Copy in Contemporary Color

Cellarius, Andreas (ca. 1596-1665)
Harmonia Macrocosmica seu Atlas Universalis et Novus, totius universi creati Cosmographiam Generalem, et Novam exhibens.

Amsterdam: Jan Jansson, 1661

51 x 35 cm. 364 pages. Collation: π1 (engraved t.p.), [?]7, (a)-(z)2, (aa)-(hh)2, (ii)1; A-Z2, Aa-Zz2, Aaa-Iii2. Complete with the additional engraved title page, printed title page, and 29 double-page engraved plates.

Call for Price

The first 21 plates constitute a historical survey of cosmological theories, illustrating the motions of the sun and planets according to Ptolemy, Copernicus and Tycho Brahe. The last eight plates are celestial hemispheres and planispheres depicting the constellations. Ten of the plates (9-11, 13, 15, 16, 18-21) are the work of Johannes van Loon (d. 1686). The allegorical title page is the work of Frederik Hendrik van den Hove (1628/29-1698).

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Bibliographical references: Koeman, Atlantes Neerlandici, I:801B; Ashworth Jr., William B., “Allegorical Astronomy: Baroque Scientists encoded their most Dangerous Opinions in Art”, The Sciences, 25, (1985), nr. 5, 34-37

With an Account of Benjamin Franklin's Kite Experiment

ELECTRICITY. Calandrelli, Giuseppe
Ragionamento sopra il conduttore elettrico Quirinale dell'abate Giuseppe Calandrelli

Rome: nella stamperia Salomoni, 1789

Octavo: 20.5 x 140 cm. [2], xxxvi p.

$4,800.00

First edition of this rare publication, dealing with the construction of the lightning conductor installed on the Quirinal Palace in Rome (in order to prevent further damage from lightning strikes.)

Calandrelli discusses the electrical experiments of other well-known scientists such as Priestley, Toaldo, Landriani, De Saussure, Reccaria, Lord Malion, and above all, those of Benjamin Franklin, including Franklin's iconic kite experiment of June 1752.

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Wheeler Gift 554

"Second only to Agricola in the number of original contributions to the literature of mining and metallurgy and the beauty of the graphic treatment of the crafts."(Dibner)

Ercker, Lazarus (ca. 1530-1594)
Aula Subterranea domina dominantium subdita subditorum, das ist, Untererdische Hofhaltung: ohne welche weder die Herren regiren, noch die Unterthanen gehorchen können : oder, Grundliche Beschreibung derjenigen Sachen so in der Tieffe der Erden wachsen, als aller Ertzen der königlichen und gemeinen Metallen…

Frankfurt: Johann David Zunner, 1684

Large Quarto: 22.5 x 19.5 cm. [1] leaf (engraved t.p.), [14], 220, 123, [5], 68 p. COLLATION: )(-)()(4A-Dd4Ee2(A)-(Q)4a-h4i2.

$6,800.00

"Ercker's treatise is the most authoritative contemporary work on 16th-century metallurgy and assaying. Ercker gave a systematic review of methods of testing alloys and minerals and of obtaining and refining various metals, as well as methods of manufacturing acids, salts and other chemical compounds, including saltpeter. He described the apparatus and laboratory equipment used in metallurgy and assaying and gave a detailed account of laboratory methods, all of which he himself had used.

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Hoover 284; Darmstaedter, Probierbüchlein p. 92; DSB IV, 394; Lipperheide 4

''The first attempt to show the connection between psychology and physiology'' (Garrison-Morton)

EUGENICS. Huarte y Navarro, Juan, (1529-1588); Carew, Richard (1555-1620), translator
Examen de ingenios. The examination of mens vvits. In whicch [sic], by discouering the varietie of natures, is shewed for what profession each one is apt, and how far he shall profit therein. By John Huarte. Translated out of the Spanish tongue by M. Camillo Camilli. Englished out of his Italian, by R.C. Esquire

London: Printed by Adam Islip, for C. Hunt of Excester, 1594

Quarto: 19 x 14 cm. [16], 333, [3] pp. A-Y8

$14,000.00

“To Distinguish and discern these natural difference’s of man’s wit, and to apply to each by art that science wherein he may profit, is the intention of this my work.”

“This sentence concisely summarizes the ultimate purpose of one of the most successful and influential Spanish scientific books published in the early modern period, one with long-lasting influence upon the European intellectual world: the ‘Examen de Los Ingenios para Las Ciencias’ (1575), by the Spanish physician and philosopher Juan Huarte de San Juan (1529-1588)… Huarte is now hailed as the precursor of several branches of pedagogy and psychology, including differential pedagogy and differential psychology, and their practical applications, professional orientation, and selection.

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STC (2nd ed.), 13892; Garrison-Morton 4964 (1575 Spanish edition); Durling 2498. Hunter & Macalpine, p. 46. Thorndike VI, pp. 413-14

One of the Two Pillars of Early Modern English "Feminism"

FEMINISM. GENDER. PHILOSOPHY. Drake, Judith (fl. 1696-1723)
An essay in defence of the female sex. In which are inserted the characters of a pedant, a squire, a beau, a vertuoso, a poetaster, a city-critick, &c. In a letter to a lady. Written by a lady. The Third edition with additions.

London: Printed for A. Roper at the Black Boy, and R. Clavel at the Peacock, both in Fleetstreet, 1697

Octavo: 18 x 11 cm. [32], 148, [4] pp. plus plate. Collation: A-B8, B-K8, L4

$8,500.00

The preliminaries of this edition have been expanded by the addition of two letters, the first written by James Drake to the anonymous author, in which he writes about the absurdity of certain men who have charged him with being the author of the “Essay”, and Judith Drake’s reply, in which she defends her anonymity: “This advantage however I reap by being unknown, that I frequently hear unsuspected, the unbias’d opinions of those that criticize upon me, and scarce, without scorn, hear most men pronounce it a performance above the ability of a woman, yet none answer the arguments in it to the contrary.

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Wing D 2125C (formerly Wing A 4058, under Astell); Halkett & Laing, "Dictionary of Anonymous and Pseudonymous English Literature", Vol. 2; Additional reading: Brenda Tooley, "'Like a False Renegade': The Ends and Means of Feminist Apologetics in 'A Dialogue concerning Women and An Essay in Defence of the Female Sex'", The Eighteenth Century: Theory and Interpretation, 36.2 (1995): pp. 157-177; Greenough, Bibliography of the Theophrastan Character, p. 140

“Perhaps the First to Use a Keplerian Telescope for Regular Planetary Observation” (King)

Fontana, Francesco (1602-1656)
Novae Coelestium Terrestriumq[ue] Rerum Observationes, et fortasse hactenus non vulgatae à Francisco Fontana, specillis a se inventis, et ad summam perfectionem perductis editae.

Naples: Apud Gaffarum, Mense Februarii, 1646

$85,000.00

A truly remarkable work, the  “Observationes” has been called the first true lunar atlas (preceding that of Hevelius by one year.) Moreover, the work includes the first illustrations of the planet Mars made from telescopic observation (in 1636 and 1638). The first chapter includes a very early history of the telescope. Fontana claims to have invented both the “Keplerian” telescope (composed of two convex lenses) in 1608, and the compound microscope (consisting of two converging lenses, one functioning as objective, the other as eyepiece) in 1618; while his claims to have invented these instruments have been proven untrue, Fontana did in fact construct and use both of these instruments and with them he observed Mars, Venus, Jupiter, Saturn, and the Moon; as well as fleas, flies, ants, bees and human hairs.

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Carli and Favaro 211; Houzeau and Lancaster II, 1328; Riccardi I/1 467 (‘raro ed apprezzato’); Literature: King, The History of the Telescope p. 46; Clay, The History of the Microscope p. 9; Ashworth, The Face of the Moon: Galileo to Apollo, p. 4)

Practicing Medicine in the Age of Petrarch. The Rare First Edition

Garbo, Tommaso de (ca. 1305-1370); Zanelli di Pietro, Francesco (d. 1365?); Johannes, de Penna (d. 1348?)
Summa medicinalis accuratissime revisa & emendata: ac nunc primo quidem diligenter impressa. Tractatus ejusdem de restauratione humidi radicalis. Tractatusque ejusdem de reductione medicinarum ad actum. [With: "Tractatus comminantium" of Francesco Zanelli and the "Reprobationes” of Johannes de Penna.]

Venice: Mandato & expensis heredum Octaviani Scoti, per Bonetum Locatellum, 27 August, 1506

Folio: [1], 119 lvs.

$9,800.00

This publication also includes the "Tractatus comminantium magistri Francisci de Bononia" [i. e. Francesco Zanelli] (leaves 96r-99r) and the "Reprobationes magistri Johannis de Penna."

Son of the famous physician, professor of medicine, and author Dino del Garbo (d. 1327), Tommaso del Garbo would eclipse his father’s success and go on to become one of the most successful –and wealthiest- physicians of mid-14th c.

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Durling 4378; BM STC, Italian Books p. 290; Hirsch/Hüb. II, 682; EDIT 16 CNCE 36854; Not in Adams.

Including Two of the Most Important Books in Early Observational Astronomy: Galileo's "Starry Messenger" and Kepler's "Dioptrice"

Gassendi, Pierre (1592-1655); Galilei, Galileo (1564-1642); Kepler, Johannes (1571-1630)
Petri Gassendi Institutio Astronomica: Juxta Hypotheseis tam Veterum quàm Recentiorum. Cui accesserunt Galilei Galilei Nuncius Sidereus; et Johannis Kepleri Dioptrice. Tertia editio prioribus Correctior.

London: typis Jacobi Flesher. Prostant apud Gulielmum Morden, bibliopolam Cantabrigiensem, 1653

Octavo: 18 x 11.5 cm. [16], 199, [1]; 173, [1] p., 4 leaves of plates : ill., diagrams (woodcuts). Collation: A-N8, O4; A-L8 (lacking final blank)

$18,000.00

Gassendi's "Institutio Astronomica," has been called the first modern astronomy textbook. It is divided into three sections: the first details the so-called theory of the spheres, the second describes astronomical theory, and the third discusses the conflicting ideas of Brahe and Copernicus. The present edition is important for the inclusion of two seminal works of telescopic astronomy: Galileo's "Sidereus Nuncius" (first ed.

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Wing G291 (with the comma in line 3 of the title); Cinti, 128; Riccardi, I, col. 508; Sotheran, I p. 73 (1448); cf. PMM 113 and Dibner, Heralds of Science, #7 (the 1610 edition)

Johnson’s Celebrated Edition of Gerard’s Herbal Describing Numerous American Plants

Gerard, John (1545-1612)
The Herball or Generall Historie of Plantes. Gathered by John Gerarde of London Master in Chirvrgerie. Very much Enlarged and Amended by Thomas Johnson Citizen and Apothecarye of London.

London: A. Islip, Joice Norton, and R. Whitaker, 1633

Folio: 34.5 x 22.5 cm. ¶8, ¶¶-¶¶¶6, A-B8, C-Z6, Aa-Zz6, Aaa-Zzz6, Aaaa-Zzzz6, Aaaaa-Zzzzz6, Aaaaaa-Vvvvvv6, Xxxxxx4, Yyyyyy-Zzzzzz6, Aaaaaaa-Bbbbbbb6. (lacking the first and final blank leaves.)

$9,500.00

"This is the first edition enlarged and edited by Thomas Johnson (1595-1644) who corrected many of Gerard’s more gullible errors, and improved the accuracy of the illustrations by using Plantin’s woodcuts." (Hunt)

John Gerard is to this day one of the best known of English herbalists. In 1586 the Royal College of Physicians established a garden of physic and appointed Gerard its curator.

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STC 11751; Hunt 223; Nissen 698; Graesse Vol. III, p. 56; Henrey 155.

An Impressive Sammelband of Gesner’s Complete Zoological Works. Illustrated with over 1,000 Woodcuts

Gesner (also Gessner), Conrad (1516-1565)
Vogelbuch: darinn die Art, Natur unnd Eigenschafft aller Vöglen, sampt irer waren Contrafactur angezeigt wirdt : allen Liebhabern der Künsten, Artzeten, Maleren, Goldschmiden, Bildschnitzeren, Seydenstickeren, Weydleüten unnd Köchen, nit allein lustig zu erfaren, sunder gantz nutzlich und dienstlich zebrauchen. erstlich durch Doctor Conradt Geßner in Latin beschrieben, neüwlich aber durch Rudolff Heüßlin mit Fleyß in das Teütsch gebracht unnd in eine kurtze Ordnung gestelt.

$38,000.00

A magnificent sammelband, bound in alum-tawed pigskin over beveled wooden boards, lacking one clasp. Binding soiled and with slight wear but still very fine. The boards are ruled and tooled in blind with medallion portrait heads and Biblical figures. The text of all four volumes is in excellent condition. There is one small tear to the lower corner of leaf B2, with loss of a few letters. One of the birds in the first work has been nicely colored by a 16th c.

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VD 16, G 1736, 1729, 1742 und 1745; Nissen 1552, 1555 and 1557

Illustrated with 83 Engraved Plates. A Large Paper Copy

Grew, Nehemiah (1641-1712)
The Anatomy of Plants. With an Idea of a Philosophical History of Plants. And several other Lectures, Read before the Royal Society.

London: printed by W. Rawlins, for the Author, 1682

Folio: 36 x 23 cm. [ ]4, a4, B-Z4, Aa-Ii4, Kk2, Ll-Xx4, Yy-Zz2, Aaa-Ccc2. With 83 added engraved plates. Plates 30-31 bound after 41; plates 32-33 bound after 42)

$15,000.00

“The English botanist, physician, and microscopist, Nehemiah Greww is considered, along with the Italian microscopist Marcello Malpighi, to be among the founders of the science of plant anatomy.” (Encyclopedia Britannica)

“In 1682 Grew’s magnum opus, ‘The Anatomy of Plants,’ was issued. Of the four ‘books’ of this work, the first, second, and third are second editions of ‘The Anatomy begun,’ ‘The Anatomy of Roots,’ and the ‘The Anatomy of Trunks,’ extending to 49, 46, and 44 folio pages respectively, and illustrated by four, thirteen, and twenty-three plates.

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Wing G-1945; Le Fanu, pp.98-105; Horblit 43B; Hunt 362; Nissen, BBI, 758; Hook/Norman 946; Plesch 243; Pritzel 3557; Henrey 162.

Pregnant for 14 Years

GYNECOLOGY. OBSTETRICS. BIOLOGY. MARVELS.
Relation d'une Grossesse prodigieuse d'une femme de Turin.

Turin: Chez Alexandre Vimercati Imprimeur du S. Office, Ce vend à Turin chez Reycends, & Guilbert Libraires dessous les Arcades de Place Chateau. 1728

Quarto: [4] pp.

$2,900.00

Extremely rare. No other copy traced. The remarkable account of a Marie Marguerite of Galarà, who for fourteen years had an unborn child lodged within her. It was only possible to remove the fetus after Marie's death. The book includes an account of the autopsy and a detailed description of the fetus, which was found, miraculously, perfectly preserved, as if it had been dead only a few hours.

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The Controversy over the use of Telescopic Sights. Hevelius observes the Skies with Edmond Halley Two Months Before his Observatory is Lost to Fire

Hevelius, Johannes (1611-1687)
Johannis Hevelii Annus climactericus, sive Rerum uranicarum observationum annus quadragesimus nonus; exhibens diversas occultationes, tam planetarum, quàm fixarum post editam machinam coelestem; nec non plurimas altitudines meridianas solis, ac distantias planetarum, fixarumq́ue, eo anno, quousque divinaconcessit benignitas, impetratas: cum amicorum nonnullorum epistolis, ad rem istam spectantibus: & continuatione historiae novæ stellæ in collo Ceti, ut & annotationum rerum coelestium ...

Danzig: Sumptibus auctoris, typis D.F. Rhetii, 1685

Folio: 34.8 x 22.5 cm. [6] lvs. 24, 196 pp. Collation: )( 6, )(4, )()(4, )()()(4, A-Z4, AA6. With engraved title page vignette and 7 (1 double-page) engraved plates.

$35,000.00

“Annus Climactericus” was the last of Hevelius’ works published in the author’s lifetime. The book comprises observations of the planets, sun, moon, and fixed stars, many of which were made alongside the English astronomer Edmond Halley. The observations were made from 8 January until 25 September 1679, subsequent to the publication of the second volume of Hevelius’ “Machina Coelestis”, almost the entire press run of which was lost in the fire that destroyed Hevelius’ observatory on 26 September 1679.

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VD17 39:125045B; DSB 6, 363; Honeyman 1675. For a thorough discussion of the Hevelius-Hooke controversy, see Saridakis, “Converging Elements in the Development of Late Seventeenth-Century Disciplinary Astronomy: Instrumentation, Education, and the Hevelius-Hooke Controversy”, p. 129 ff.; For an assessment of the relative accuracy of Halley’s and Hevelius’ computations at Danzig, see Cook, “Edmond Halley: Charting the Heavens and the Seas”, p. 93 ff.; For Hevelius’ work on the binary star Mira Ceti, see Hatch, “Hevelius- History and Identity”, in “Change and Continuity in Early Modern Cosmology”, p 158 ff.; For D. Capellus’ contemporary account of the fire and a detailed inventory of Hevelius’ losses, see MacPike, “Hevelius, Flamsteed, Halley”, Appendix I. (London, 1937)

The First Printed Illustrations of the Constellations

Hyginus, Caius Julius (fl. 2nd century)
Poeticon astronomicon. Edited by Jacobus Sentinus and Johannes Lucilius Santritter.

Venice: Erhard Ratdolt, 14 October, 1482

Quarto: 20 x 14.6 cm. Collation: a-f8 g10 (a1 blank, a2r dedication to M. Fabius [Quintilianus?], a3r text, g9r commendatory poem by Jacobus Sentinus, g10r poem and verse colophon by Johannes Santritter, g10v blank). 58 leaves. 31 lines. Types 3:91G (text), 7:92G (heading on a2r), 91 Gk (a few words). Title on a2r printed in red, 11-, 7-, 5- and 3-line white-on-black woodcut initials. 47 half-page woodcuts, probably designed by Johannes Santritter, of the constellation and planet figures.

$45,000.00

FIRST ILLUSTRATED EDITION of Hyginus’ “Poeticon Astronomicon”, illustrated with 47 half-page woodcuts of the constellations and the planets personified. The text is set in a pleasing Gothic. The text of Hyginus was first published in an unillustrated edition at Ferrara in 1475.

The “Poeticon Astronomicon” (more correctly, the “Astronomica”) is an ancient Roman work on the constellations chiefly based on the work of the Greek scientist Eratosthenes (3rd c.

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BMC V, 286; BSB-Ink H-459; CIBN H-334; Essling 285; Goff H-560; HC 9062*; Hind II, p. 462; IGI 4959; Klebs 527.2; Pollard/Perrins 31; Redgrave 30; Sander 3472

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