The Jesuits

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Canadian Native Americans as victims & perpetrators of violence

AMERICAS. CANADA. Bressani, Francesco Giuseppe (1612-1672)
Breve Relatione d’Alcune Missioni de’ PP. della Compagnia di Giesù nella Nuova Francia.

Macerata: Heirs of Agostino Grisei, 1653

Quarto: 21.5 x 15.5 cm. [4], 8 pp., 9-10 ll., 11-127, [1] pp. Collation: π2 A4 B4 (±B1.2) C-Q4

$15,000.00

FIRST EDITION of one of the most important eyewitness accounts of 17th-century Canada devoted primarily to the Huron Indians, but also with accounts of other groups, including the Jesuit author’s captivity and mutilation under the Iroquois. He also devotes 25 pages to a 1643 letter written by his Jesuit colleague Isaac Jogues (1607-1646), who was killed by the Mohawks.

Bressani (1612-1672), an Italian Jesuit, travelled to Canada as a missionary in 1642.

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Alden & Landis 653/15; De Backer & Sommervogel II, col. 133; Walter, Jesuit relations, 43; Church 524; James Ford Bell Lib. B-407; JCB II, p. 428; Lande, Canadiana 57; McCoy, Jesuit relations 82; Sabin 7734; not in Eberstadt; Streeter.

The First Edition of Maffei’s Life of Ignatius

IGNATIUS OF LOYOLA, SAINT (1491-1556), Maffei, Giovanni Pietro (1536-1603)
De Vita et Morib. Ignatii Loiolae: qui Societatem Iesu fundavit, libri III

Rome: Apud F. Zannettum, 1585

Quarto: 20 x 14.5 cm †2, A-Z4, Aa-Cc4, Dd2

$6,000.00

Maffei, author of the influential history of the Jesuit missions in Asia, wrote his life of Ignatius to advance the Jesuits’ case for the canonization of the Society’s founder. In his opening letter to the Jesuit General Claudio Acquaviva, Maffei tells us that he composed the work at the behest of the previous general of the order, Everard Mercurian. The year in which this biography appeared (1585) was an inauspicious year for the Jesuits, for it was the first year of the reign of Pope Sixtus V, who was hostile to the order.

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Backer-Sommervogel V, 296; Palau 14, 6954

Jesuit Letters from Japan and India. Including an Account of the Death of Rudolph Aquaviva and the "Martyrs of Cuncolim"

JESUITS. JAPAN. INDIA. Fróis, Luís (1532-1597); Valignano, Alessandro (1539-1606), et alii
Nuove Lettere delle Cose del Giappone, Paese del Mondo Novo, Dell'anno 1579. infino al 1581. Con La Morte d'Alcuni Padri della Compagnia di Giesu'.

Venice: Appreso I Gioliti, 1585

Octavo: 16 x 10.5 cm. 188, [11] pp. Collation: A-M8, N4

$7,500.00

This collection contains the following letters from the Jesuit missions in Japan and Goa: Francesco Carreón, writing from Kuchinotsu, 1 Dec., 1579; Gregorio de Céspedes, 1579; Lorenço Mexia, at Bungo, 20 Oct., 1580; three letters by Luís Fróis, Miyako, 14 April, 1581; 19 May, 1581; and 29 May, 1581; Francesco Cabral, 15 Sept., 1581; and Alessandro Valignano, Goa 28 Dec.

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Streit, Bibliotheca Missionum, IV. 1639; Sommervogel, II, col 492; Cordier, Sinica, 75; Laures 170

A Rare Suite of Fine Engravings of the Jesuit Generals By the Master Engraver Hieronymus Wierix

JESUITS. Wierix, Hieronymus (c. 1553–1619), artist
Effigies praepositorum generalium Societatis Iesu

Antwerp: n.p., after Jan. 1615, before 1620

Plate size: 12 x 7.2 cm. Sheet size: 18 x 12.5 cm. six plates.

$6,500.00

The engravings were printed with a privilege from the assistant secretary to the Privy Council of the Archduke of the Netherlands. This privilege also appears in the plate: “Cum gratia et privilegio Piermans.” The plates are not dated but a date of after 1615 and before 1620 can be assumed. Acquaviva’s death (Jan. 1615) is recorded on his plate; Wierix died in 1619.

A complete set of these very rare engravings of the first five generals of the Jesuit Order: Ignatius of Loyola (general from 1541-1556), Diego (James) Laynez (1558-1565), St.

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Maucquoy-Hendrickx 1750-1755: Hollstein 2014 (Wierix)

Kircher’s China. A Very Fine Copy of the True First Edition

Kircher, Athanasius (1602-1680)
China Monumentis Qua Sacris quà Profanis, Nec non variis Naturæ & Artis Spectaculis, Aliarumque rerum memorabilium Argumentis Illustrata, Auspiciis Leopoldi Primi Roman. Imper. Semper Augusti Munificentissimi Mecænatis.

Amsterdam: Apud Joannem Janssonium à Waesberge & Elizeum Weyerstraet, 1667

Folio: 37 x 24.5 cm. *4, **4; A-Z4; Aa-Hh4. (*1 is the engraved title page)

$20,000.00

"In 1667 the learned German Jesuit, Athanasius Kircher, published his ‘China Illustrata’ at Amsterdam. Gathering his materials from the works of other members of the Society, Kircher wrote one of the century’s most influential treatises on China. His primary purpose was to establish the authenticity of the Nestorian monument discovered in Sian, and to that end he produced in print the original Chinese and Syriac inscriptions on the monument, the Chinese text in Romanization, and finally a Latin translation and his explication of the Chinese and Syriac texts.

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Merrill 20 ("Constitutes the first Chinese vocabulary ever printed in the West. He includes a Sanskrit grammar and vocabulary ... the first printing of a Sanskrit grammar in Europe"); De Backer Sommervogel IV 1063, 24; Cordier 26; Caillet 5774; Brunet III, 666-667; Reilly #23; Lach "Asia in The Making of Europe", Vol III, Bk I, pp. 485-486, 527-528; Dünnhaupt 2342, 21.2; Walravens, China illustrata 18

"The First Book Published in Europe Devoted Entirely to Acoustics" –Merrill

Kircher, Athanasius (1602-1680)
Phonurgia Nova sive Conjugium mechanico-physicum artis & naturae paranympha phonosophia concinnatum. quâ universa sonorum natura, proprietas, vires effectuúm[que] prodigiosorum causæ, novâ & multiplici experimentorum exhibitione enucleantur : instrumentorum acusticorum, machinarúm[que] ad naturæ prototypon adaptandarum, tum ad sonos ad remotissima spatia propagandos, tum in abditis domorum recessibus per occultioris ingenii machinamenta clam palámue sermocinandi modus & ratio traditur, tum denique in bellorum tumultibus singurlaris hujusmodi organorum usus, & praxis per nouam phonologiam describitur.

Kempten: Per Rudolphum Dreherr, 1673

Folio: 32.2 x 21.5 cm. [41], [1, blank], 229, [1, blank], [16] pp. Collation: π4, a-c4, d1, (*)4, (***)4, A-Z4, Aa-Hh4 (lacking final blank). With 2 added plates at p. 114 and p. 132. The engraved title page and the portrait are integral to the collation.

$15,000.00

The “Phonurgia” is illustrated with an added engraved allegorical title by G. And. Wolfgang after Felix Cheurier, an engraved title vignette, an engraved portrait of Emperor Leopold I by G. And. Wolfgang after Franz Herman, two engraved plates, seventeen engravings and numerous woodcut diagrams and illustrations in the text, musical notation, ornamental woodcut head- and tail-pieces, and decorative initials.

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De Backer-Sommervogel IV, col. 1068; Merrill 25; Caillet 5789; Graesse IV, p. 22.

Catalogue of the Museo Moscardo, Profusely Illustrated with Natural History Specimens & Ethnographic artifacts. An Untrimmed Copy with Deckled Edges Throughout

Moscardo, Lodovico (ca. 1596- after 1671); Kircher, Athanasius (1602-1680)
Note Overo Memorie Del Mvseo Del Conte Lodovico Moscardo Nobile Veronese Uno De Padri Nell' Accademia Filarmonica. Dal medesimo descritte in Trè Libri. Nel primo si discorre delle cose anitche; che in detto Museo si ritrovano. Nel secondo delle Pietre, Minerali, e Terre. Nel terzo de Corali, Conchiglie, Animali, Frutti, & altre cose in quello contenute. Furono consacrate, nella prima editione alla Gloriossimo momoria [sic!] Dell'Altezza Serenissima Di Francesco Fv Duca Di Modena E Reggio Con l'aggiunta in questa Seconda Impressione della Seconda parte dello stesso Autore, accresciuta di cose spettanti particolarmente all'antichità, Con l'Indice d'uno gran parte delle sue Medagli, & Pitture, come anco delli ritratti de Prencipi, & altri Illustri huomini, così in arme, come in lettere.

Verona: 1672

Folio: 31.5 x 22 cm. 2 parts in one volume, continuously paginated. Collation: [π]4 (π1 is the engraved title page), §4, A-Z4 Aa-Pp4, Qq2; Rr-Zz4 AAa-KKk4, LLl-SSs2, VVv-YYy2. Complete.

$16,500.00

This is the second, greatly expanded edition of the Veronese Count Lodovico Moscardo’s celebrated museum of natural history specimens, archaeological remains, and ethnographic objects. The engravings and woodcuts illustrate: gems, minerals, rare earths, fossils; plant and animal specimens, including corals and shells; ancient Egyptian, Greek, Roman, Etruscan, and Byzantine sculpture, pottery, metal-work and other ethnographic artifacts.

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Grinke, From Wunderkammer to Museum, 23 (this edition); Balsinger, Kunst und Wunderkammern, pp. 331-42; Cicognara 3412; Dance, Shell Collecting, 39; Freilich Sale Catalog: no. 409; Gatterer, Mineralogischen Literatur, 1798-9: 1, 279; Murray, Museums, 34; Wilson, History of Mineral Collecting, 1994: 40 & 18; ZBI, 2898; Sinkankas, Gemology, 4611; Wilson, The History of Mineral Collecting, p 218; Jahn, The Lying Stones, pp. 165-66

With 17 Engravings of the Torture & Martyrdom of Japanese Christians

Trigault, Nicolas (1577-1628)
De Christianis apud Iaponios triumphis sive De gravissima ibidem contra Christi fidem persecutione exorta anno M DC XII usq. ad annum M DC XX. libri quinq… Auctore P. Nicolao Trigautio ... Cum Raderi auctario et iconibus Sadelerianis

Munich: Apud R. Sadeler, 1623

Quarto: 18.7 x 14.7 cm. [14], 518, [2] p. With an engraved title page and 17 engravings in the text.

$11,000.00

A scarce, illustrated account of the persecution of Christians in Japan from 1612 to 1620, written by the Jesuit Nicolas Trigault, Procurator of the Chinese mission. The text is illustrated with 17 large engravings (by Raphael Sadeler?) showing gruesome scenes of Jesuits and other Christians being tortured and executed by the Japanese.

Trigault wrote the first four books, recounting the brutalities endured by Christians beginning in 1612, while back in Europe recruiting new Jesuit missionaries.

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De Backer - Sommervogel, VIII, Col. 242; Cordier, Bib. Japon. 295; Streit V, 1305; VD17 23:238254E

The Diary of Matteo Ricci: The Jesuit Mission in China

Trigault, Nicolas (1577-1628); Ricci, Matteo (1552-1610)
De Christiana Expeditione apud Sinas suscepta ab Societate Iesu ex P. Matthaei Riccii eiusdem Societatis commentariis libri V. Editio recens ab eodem auctore multis in locis aucta et recognita.

Lyon: Sumptibus Horatii Cardon, Ex typographeio Ioannis Iullieron, 1616

Quarto: 20.2 x 15.4 cm. [16], 628 (i.e. 608), [12] pp. a4, e4, A-Z4, Aa-Zz4, Aaa-Zzz4, Aaaa-Llll. With the final blank leaf and the folding plan both present.

$16,000.00

The Jesuits were convinced that they had to understand China in order to win converts. Accordingly, they adopted Chinese names, dress, and language, traveled extensively, and immersed themselves in Chinese language, philosophy, art, and literature. Ricci was the first Western scholar to master Chinese, and he brought Confucian philosophy to the West. At the same time, Ricci brought to China western mathematics, scientific instruments, cartography, and astronomy, in part through his published works in Chinese, thereby ushering in a new era of Chinese understanding of the world.

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Cordier, Sinica 810. De Backer-Sommervogel VIII, 240. Lust 839. Morrison II, 258. Streit V, 2094. J. Gernet, China and the Christian Impact (1985) p. 7. Mungello, Curious Land: Jesuit accommodation and the origins of Sinology, Ch. 2.

The Diary of Matteo Ricci: The Jesuit Mission in China

Trigault, Nicolas (1577-1628); Ricci, Matteo (1552-1610)
De Christiana Expeditione apud Sinas suscepta ab Societate Iesu ex P. Matthaei Riccii eiusdem Societatis co[m]mentariis libri V. Ad S.D.N. Paulum. V. In quibus Sinensis Regni mores, leges atq[ue] instituta & novae illius Ecclesiae difficill[iss]ima primordia accurate & summa fide describuntur. Auctore P. Nicolao Trigautio Belga ex eadem societate.

Augsburg: Christoph. Mangius, 1615

Quarto: 19.2 x 15.5 cm. a , b , A-4N , [chi] (final leaf blank and present.) With the engraved title page and the folding plan both present.

$22,000.00

The Jesuits were convinced that they had to understand China in order to win converts. Accordingly, they adopted Chinese names, dress, and language, traveled extensively, and immersed themselves in Chinese language, philosophy, art, and literature. Ricci was the first Western scholar to master Chinese, and he brought Confucian philosophy to the West. At the same time, Ricci brought to China western mathematics, scientific instruments, cartography, and astronomy, in part through his published works in Chinese, thereby ushering in a new era of Chinese understanding of the world.

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De Backer-Sommervogel VIII, 239, 6; Streit V, 2094; Cordier, Sinica 809; Löwendahl, Sino-Western Relations, Vol. I, p. 29 ff. No. 54; J. Gernet, China and the Christian Impact (1985) p. 7; Mungello, Curious Land: Jesuit accommodation and the origins of Sinology, Ch. 2; ON the provenance stamp, see Lugt, Les Marques de Collections de Dessins & d’Estampes, 3285

One of the First Acts of Indian Resistance Against the Portuguese. Jesuits “Martyred” for Defiling Hindu Temples

Valignano, Alessandro (1539 - 1606)
Relatione della felice morte di cinque religiosi della Compagnia di Giesu, et di alcuni altri secolari ammazzati da Gentili per la fede nell'India Orientale l'anno 1583. Cavata da una del P. Allesandro Valignano Provinciale dell'india per il P. Generale della compagna di Giesu data in Goa alli 28 Dicembre dell'istesso anno.

Rome: appresso Francesco Zanetti, 1584

Octavo: 14.5 x 9.5 cm. [14] pp. Collation: A8 (lacking the first leaf, blank.)

$4,800.00

The extremely rare first Italian edition of this report from India. Streit lists a Latin edition at Goa in 1584 (Streit IV, 1024) but this appears to have been published only in later collections (the 'Littera annua' of 1585, etc.). This is the first of two separately printed 1584 editions, both of which are of extreme rarity, recorded by Streit. The Yale copy also lacks the first blank leaf.

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Streit IV, 1029. De Backer Sommervogel, 8, 404 records only later editions. Very rare. Not in Laures Rare Book Database Project & Virtual Library Part III: European Works on the Early Missions in Japan to be found in Libraries around the World Imprints: 1581-1600, which quotes the edition printed in 1585. Cfr, on 1585 edition (Milan: Poncio): Streit, v. IV, p. 444; Cordier, col. 78; Sommervogel, v. II, col. 1266. EDIT16 71518.

“The Foundation of a Library of California”. A Jesuit Natural history of California. With the Kino Map

Venegas, Miguel, S.J. (1680-1764)
Natural and Civil History of California: Containing an accurate description of that Country, Its Soil, Mountains, Harbours, Lakes, Rivers, and Seas; Its Animals, Vegetables, Minerals, and Famous Fishery for Pearls. The Customs of the Inhabitants, Their Religion, Government, and Manner of Living Before Their Conversion the Christian Religion by the missionary Jesuits : together with accounts of the several voyages and attempts made for settling California and taking actual surveys of that country, its gulf, and coast of the South-sea : illustrated with copper plates, and an accurate map of the country and the adjacent seas / tr. from the original Spanish of Miguel Venegas, a Mexican Jesuit, published at Madrid 1758

London: For James Rivington and James Fletcher, 1759

Two large octavo volumes: [20], 455; [8], 387. I. A8, a2, B-Z8, Aa-Ff8, Gg4 II. A4, B-Z8, Aa-Bb8, Cc2. With four added engraved plates and a large folding map.

$4,200.00

This English translation preceded the French and German translations. Considered by Cowan to be "the foundation of a library of California," this work is the most extensive account of Lower California of its period. It was presumably published in part to counteract anti-Jesuit statements that had appeared in accounts of George Anson's voyage in the Pacific (1740-1744). Venegas was for many years a Jesuit missionary among the Indians of Mexico and California and his account of the Jesuit Missions in California ("The Reduction of California by the Jesuits, and their transactions to the present time") occupies more than half of the text of both volumes (more than 450 pages).

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Sommervogel VIII, col 559; Cowan, p. 658. Graff 4471. Hill, p. 307.

European Astronomy in 17th c. China. With the Engraving of The Astronomical Observatory in Beijing

Verbiest, Ferdinand, S.J. (1623-1688)
Astronomia Europaea sub Imperatore Tartaro Sinico Cam Hy appellato ex umbra in lucem revocata

Dillingen: Typis & sumptibus Joannis Caspari Bencard, 1687

Quarto: 19 x 16 cm. (8), 126, (2) p. Collation: )(4, A-Q4

$84,000.00

Verbiest and the New Chinese Astronomical Observatory:

In 1669 the Belgian Jesuit Ferdinand Verbiest, with the blessing of the K’ang Hsi Emperor, embarked upon a project to build a new Imperial astronomical observatory of Beijing (Peking). The construction of the new observatory, the replacement of the outdated and far less accurate Chinese instruments, and the introduction of European instruments that used the Western sexagesimal system of 360 degrees (rather than the Chinese system), marked, in a concrete way, the full adoption of European science by the Chinese, a process that had been underway since the beginning of the 17th century, and which had been fraught with set-backs, controversy, and violent opposition.

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De Backer-Sommervogel, VIII, 580, 24; Streit, Bibliotheca Missionum, V, 2267, III, 14; Cordier, Sinica 1451; Walravens, China illustrata 198; Löwendahl, China illustrate Nova, I, 185; Golvers, ed. The Astronomia Europaea of Ferdinand Verbiest, S.J.; Golvers, Ferdinand Verbiest, S.J. (1623-1688) and the Chinese Heaven

The Jesuit Astronomical Observatory at Beijing. With 105 Double-Page Woodcuts of Astronomical Instruments & the Observatory

Verbiest, Ferdinand, S.J. (1623-1688)
Ling-t’ai I-hsiang t’u or Hsin-chih I-hsiang t’u [trans.: A Newly Made Collection of Astronomical Instruments]

[Beijing: presented to the Emperor 6 March 1674

Small folio, Two Volumes: 39.5 x 19.9 cm. 106 double-page woodcuts.

$750,000.00

First edition, printed by the Jesuits in Beijing, of this magnificent woodcut book depicting the observatory and scientific instruments designed by the Jesuits for the emperor of China. This is a very rare book and one of the greatest masterpieces of Sino-European printing. This is one of only 46 copies known (of which 3 can no longer be located) and is 1 of only 2 copies known to still be in private hands.

>FULL DESCRIPTION<

Chapman, Allan, “Tycho Brahe in China: the Jesuit Mission in Peking and the Iconography of European Instrument-making Processes: in Annals of Science, Vol. 41 (1984), pp. 417-43–(gving a detailed technical exposition of the illustrations in this work). Cordier, Sinica, 1451. Golvers, Ferdinand Verbiest, S.J. (1623-1688) and the Chinese Heaven, no. LO 12 in his census. Sommervogel VIII, 575.

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