Varia: June 2017

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The First Edition of Aldrovandi’s Quadrupeds. Bound in Blind-stamped Pigskin

Aldrovandi, Ulisse (1522-1605)
De Quadrupedibus solidipedibus volumen integrum, Joannes Cornelius Uterverius, collegit et recensuit. Hyeronimus Tamburinus in lucem edidit

Bologna: Apud Victorium Benatium, 1616

Folio: 34.5 x 24 cm. [8], 495, [33] pages. Collation: [+]4, A-Z6, Aa-Rr6, Ss4, ††4, Tt-Yy4

$6,500.00

Aldrovandi conceived of illustrations as an indispensable part of his work: "By the means of these pictures, together with the histories, scholars gain full knowledge of what [the plants and animals] were according to the ancients. And one cannot imagine anything more useful; if the ancients had drawn and painted all of the things which they described, one would not find so many doubts and endless errors among writers.

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Ceresoli 41; Libreria Vinciana 1695; Mennessier de la Lance I, 11; Huth 17; Nissen, ZBI 72

Aldrovandi’s Natural History of Monsters. The First Treatise on Teratology. Bound in Contemporary Pigskin With Clasps

Aldrovandi, Ulisse (1522-1605); Ambrosini, Bartolomeo (1588-1657)
Monstrorum historia cum Paralipomenis historiae omnium animalium.

Bologna: Typis Nicolai Tebaldini, 1642

Large Folio: 35 x 24.5 cm. Two volumes in one: I. †4 (including engraved t.p.), A-Z6, Aa-Zz6, Aaa-Ppp6, Qqq8, Rrr6, Sss8; II. A-O6 (final signature O has 5 leaves, as in all copies examined. See note at end of description.)

$25,000.00

Aldrovandi’s “Monstrorum historia” was the first treatise on teratology, the study of deformities and monsters. The subjects are drawn from across the spectrum of living creatures: animal (humans, other mammals, fishes, insects) and botanical. Aldrovandi also considers celestial monstra, including such portents as comets. There are also descriptions and images of Native Americans “from the island of Florida” and West Indian “cannibals”, as well as the mythical blemmyae or “headless men”, rumored to live in Africa, the West Indies, and other remote parts of the world.

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NISSEN ZBI 74.R. As regards the 5-leaf final signature O in the “Paralipomena”, I have left the quire as “O6” in my collation since it is unclear if there was a cancelland leaf O5, or if final O6 was a blank. Either way, the final quire is consistent with all copies examined.

Canadian Native Americans as victims & perpetrators of violence

AMERICAS. CANADA. Bressani, Francesco Giuseppe (1612-1672)
Breve Relatione d’Alcune Missioni de’ PP. della Compagnia di Giesù nella Nuova Francia.

Macerata: Heirs of Agostino Grisei, 1653

Quarto: 21.5 x 15.5 cm. [4], 8 pp., 9-10 ll., 11-127, [1] pp. Collation: π2 A4 B4 (±B1.2) C-Q4

$15,000.00

FIRST EDITION of one of the most important eyewitness accounts of 17th-century Canada devoted primarily to the Huron Indians, but also with accounts of other groups, including the Jesuit author’s captivity and mutilation under the Iroquois. He also devotes 25 pages to a 1643 letter written by his Jesuit colleague Isaac Jogues (1607-1646), who was killed by the Mohawks.

Bressani (1612-1672), an Italian Jesuit, travelled to Canada as a missionary in 1642.

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Alden & Landis 653/15; De Backer & Sommervogel II, col. 133; Walter, Jesuit relations, 43; Church 524; James Ford Bell Lib. B-407; JCB II, p. 428; Lande, Canadiana 57; McCoy, Jesuit relations 82; Sabin 7734; not in Eberstadt; Streeter.

A Prohibition Against Conducting Business with Jews

Antisemitism.
Wiewol ein Ehrnvester Rath der Statt Nürmberg, hiebevor zu unterschiedlichen Jahren Mandat und Warnung, nicht allein außgehen lassen, sonder auch verodnet haben, daß zu steter erinnerung, neben andern ihren Mandaten, Jährlich ab der Cantzel verlessen werden soll, das niemandt ihrer Burger … von Juden oder Jüdin, einig Gelt auff Unterpfandt nicht aufnehmen … sollen.

[Nuremberg]: June, 1618

Folio: 21 x 32.5 cm. Single leaf broadside

$2,800.00

A mandate by which the city of Nuremberg prohibits its citizens from borrowing money from Jewish lenders, and from performing any business transactions, or entering into any financial contracts with “Jews or Jewesses”. Jews are also forbidden to act as moneylenders in the city. The edict was passed in 1618, the year in which Nuremberg established its first lending-house, the rules of which were modeled on the regulations for lending established in Augsburg, in which city Jews were also prohibited (since 1591) from lending money.

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VD17 23:677931Z (Wofenbüttel); KVK/OCLC add Munich only.

One of the most important literary works of the English Renaissance. Printed by John Day

Ascham, Roger (1514/15-1568)
The Scholemaster or plaine and perfite way of teaching children, to vnderstand, write, and speake, the Latin tong, but specially purposed for the priuate bringing vp of youth in Ientlemen and Noble mens houses, and commodious also for all such, as haue forgot the Latin tonge, and would, by them selves, without a Scholemaster, in short time, and with small paines, recover a sufficient habilitie, to understand, write, and speake Latin. By Roger Ascham. An. 1571.

London: Printed by Iohn Daye, dwelling ouer Aldersgate, 1571

Quarto: 17.2 x 12.6 cm. Collation: [manicule]2, B-T4

$15,000.00

“The indispensable link between the earlier Tudor writers and the great Elizabethan and Jacobean writers of English prose.”(Ryan, 292)

The Cambridge-educated Ascham, one of the best known of the English humanists, produced two works that had a great influence on the use of English as a literary language as well as on the education of children and the conduct of English gentlemen.

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STC 834; cf. PMM 90

Besler’s Wunderkammer. Illustrated with 34 Engraved plates

Besler, Michael Rupert (1607-1661); Besler, Basilius (1561-1629)
Gazophylacium Rerum Naturalium e regno vegetabili, animali et minerali depromptarum, nunquam hactenus in Lucem editarum, cum figuris aeneis ad vivum incisis.

Leipzig and Frankfurt: Johann Herbort Kloss, 1716

Folio: 38.6 x 26.4 cm. 2 unsigned leaves (title page and index leaf), 34 engraved plates numbered 2 to 35. Complete.

$17,500.00

“A Treasury of Natural Things from the Vegetable, Animal, and Mineral Kingdoms”:

“Basil Besler's (1561-1629) Wunderkammer was inherited by his nephew Michael Rupert Besler, who added to the cabinet. The work published here catalogs his additions. It is a treasury of natural objects from the realms of the vegetable, animal and mineral. It contains standard items including a unicorn horn, a beak of a hornbill, a bird of paradise, a carved nautilus shell, an `Arcimboldo' grotesque of shells, pyritzed ammonites, asbestos, `ruin' marble, engraved gems and antique coins.

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Cobres, Deliciæ Cobresianæ, p. 102 no. 10; Nissen ZBI, 346; Pritzel No. 747; Hunt No 238 (1642 edition)

Benedictine Spiritual Exercises - The Second Recorded Copy

Blois, Louis de (1506-1566)
Seven exercises or meditations by which a man may be, in a short time, established in the fear of God, and in a good and holy life. By Lewis Blosius, Abbot of the Holy Order of St. Benedict. With other choice collections out of the same author

London: printed for M. Turner, at the Lamb in Holbourn, 1686

Long 24mo: 11 x 5.5 cm. [12], 132 p. Collation: A-F12

$2,900.00

Second recorded copy (the other in the British Library) of this anonymous English translation of the devotional exercises of the Benedictine monk Louis de Blois. The book closes with “A Short Commemoration of the Life of Christ, divided into Articles.”

Blois became abbot of the Benedictine monastery at Liessies in 1530 and concerned himself with the renewal of the monastic spirit.

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ESTC R33231; Wing B3204

“Nudi, Recti, Venusti” -Cicero

Caesar, Gaius Iulius (100-44 B.C.)
C. Iulii Caesaris Rerum ab se gestarum commentarii. De bello Gallico libri VIII. De bello civili Pompeiano libri III. De bello Alexandrino liber I. De bello Africo liber I. De bello Hispaniensi liber I. Ex vetustiss. scriptis codicibus emendatiores. [Bound with:] Eutropius: Epitome belli Gallici ex Suetonii Tranqulli monumentis.

Paris: ex officina Rob. Stephani, 1544

Octavo: 17 x 11 cm. (32), 523, (1, blank), (108) pp. Collation: I. *8, **8 (**4 and 5 are conjugates that form the folded map of Spain), a-z8, A-Q8, R4. II. 134, (16) pp. Collation: A-I8, K4

$4,500.00

This edition of Caesar includes the texts of the “Gallic Wars” and “Civil War”, together with the "De bello Alexandrino", "De bello Africano", and "De bello Hispaniense", ascribed to Aulus Hirtius. This edition also includes Raimundo Marliano’s useful index of the topography of Gaul in Roman times.

Admired for their style (most famously by Cicero) and read by both his supporters and detractors alike in antiquity, Caesar’s Commentarii fell into obscurity in the Middle Ages.

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Schreiber, The Estiennes, no. 72 and 73; Renouard 61.15; Adams C-38 and E 1133

Describing Seven Private Collections of Paintings & Sculpture

Carboni, Giovanni Battista (1725-1790)
Le pitture e sculture di Brescia che sono esposte al pubblico : con un'appendice di alcune private gallerie.

Brescia: Dalle stampe di Giambatista Bossini, 1760

Large octavo: Engraved frontis., xxiv-196 p., [1] f Collation: a8, A-M10

$3,200.00

An important guide to the art of Brescia, written by G.B. Carboni, son of the sculptor and engraver Rizzado Carboni. The guide remains a fundamental work for reconstructing the history of Brescian public and private art collections.

Carboni describes all of the churches in the city as well as the artworks in the grand public buildings such as the municipal palazzo and the Biblioteca Queriniana.

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The First Edition to include Sappho’s poem “Phainetai moi kênos îsos theoisin” in Conjunction with Catullus 51

Catullus, Gaius Valerius (ca. 84-ca. 54 B.C); Muret, Marc Antoine (1526-1585), editor
Catullus et in eum Commentarius M. Antonii Mureti.

Venice: Apud Paulum Manutium, Aldi filium, 1554

Octavo: *4, A-Q8, R10

$3,800.00

"In 1552 Muret lectured on Catullus and other Latin poets in Paris, perhaps at the College du Cardinal Lemoine or the College de Boncourt. Included in his large and enthusiastic audiences were several poets of the Pléiade -most notably Ronsard, his friend and near contemporary. Muret's lectures created a fashion for Catullan poetry. His own neo-Latin collection, Juvenilia (1552), contains several Catullan imitations, but Catullus is still more important in the poetry of the Pléiade, much of which appeared close on the heels of his lectures.

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Renouard 162/19; Adams C-1145; Schweiger (Latin) Vol. I, p. 84

A Fine Copy of the Second Aldine Catullus: With A Few Contemporary Annotations

Catullus, Gaius Valerius (Ca. 84-Ca.54 B.C.); Tibullus (Ca. 50-Ca.18 B.C.); Propertius, Sextus. (Ca. 49-Ca. 16 B.C.)
Catullus. Tibullus. Propertius.

Venice: In aedibvs Aldi, et Andreae soceri, 1515

Octavo: 15 x 10 cm. 148, [2] leaves. Collation: A-D8, E10, AA-DD8, EE4, a-i8

$7,500.00

This edition of the poems of Catullus, Tibullus and Propertius, was co-edited by Girolamo Avanzi (fl. 1500.) and Aldus himself. The first Aldine Catullus, one of the first of the "libri portatiles", the handy ("forma enchiridii") octavo-sized format that Aldus popularized, appeared in 1502.  In his epistle to the reader in the second edition, Aldus informs us that Avanzi has made further improvements upon the text for this edition.

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Ahmanson-Murphy, No. 131; Renouard, p. 70; Adams, C-1139

The Most Beautiful Astronomical Atlas of the 17th Century. A Fine Copy in Contemporary Color

Cellarius, Andreas (ca. 1596-1665)
Harmonia Macrocosmica seu Atlas Universalis et Novus, totius universi creati Cosmographiam Generalem, et Novam exhibens.

Amsterdam: Jan Jansson, 1661

53 x 33 cm. 364 pages. Collation: π1 (engraved t.p.), [?]7, (a)-(z)2, (aa)-(hh)2, (ii)1; A-Z2, Aa-Zz2, Aaa-Iii2. Complete with the additional engraved title page, printed title page, and 29 double-page engraved plates.

$450,000.00

The first 21 plates constitute a historical survey of cosmological theories, illustrating the motions of the sun and planets according to Ptolemy, Copernicus and Tycho Brahe. The last eight plates are celestial hemispheres and planispheres depicting the constellations. Ten of the plates (9-11, 13, 15, 16, 18-21) are the work of Johannes van Loon (d. 1686). The allegorical title page is the work of Frederik Hendrik van den Hove (1628/29-1698).

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Bibliographical references: Koeman, Atlantes Neerlandici, I:801B; Ashworth Jr., William B., “Allegorical Astronomy: Baroque Scientists encoded their most Dangerous Opinions in Art”, The Sciences, 25, (1985), nr. 5, 34-37

Writing & Teaching Poetry in 15th c. Poland. With a Fine woodcut of the Author and his Students

Corvinus, Laurentius [Korwin, Wawrzyniec](ca. 1465–1527)
Magistri Laure[n]tij Coruini Nouoforensis, viri lepidissimi Compendiosa et facilis diversorum carminum structura, cu(m) exemplis aptissimis ac ad ungue(m) elaboratis, et postremo brevibus cognoscendarum syllabarum preceptis.

Cologne: Per Martinu[m] de Werdena, 1508

Quarto: 20 x 14.5 cm. [44] pp.

$4,500.00

An early edition (1st 1496), and the only edition with the woodcut of the author instructing his students, of this work on writing poetry by the important Silesian poet Laurentius Corvinus (born Laurentius Rabe and known in Polish as Wawrzyniec Korwin), well-known to historians of science as the man who assisted Copernicus in his first publication, a Latin translation from the Greek of the letters of Theophylactus, for which Corvinus provided two poems, one of which mentions Copernicus’ interest in astronomy.

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VD 16, C 5453; IA 145.627; Estreicher XIV, 420; Goluszka-M. P 205 See: Jacqueline Glomski, “Poetry to Teach the Writing of Poetry”, in Poets and Teachers: Latin didactic poetry and the didactic authority of the Latin poet from the Renaissance to the present: (Proceedings of the Fifth Annual Symposium of the Cambridge Society for Neo-Latin Studies, Clare College, Cambridge, 9-11 September, 1996)/ Edited by Yasmin Haskell and Philip Hardie. Also, “Laurentius Corvinus and the Flowering of Central European Humanism”, Terminus ix (2007), pp. 49-74

Roasted Pigs in Bologna, Singing Asses in Peru, & Social Satire in 16th c. Cremona

CROCE, Giulio Cesare (1550-1609)
La vera historia della piacevoliss. festa della porchetta, che si fa ogn’anno in Bologna il giorno di S. Bartolomeo. Di Giulio Cesare dalla Croce. Agl’Illustrissimi Signori Confaloniero, et Anziani della città di Bologna.

Bologna: Heirs of Giovanni Rossi, 1599

Octavo: I: 44, (4 blank) pp.

$8,800.00

In Praise of Pork: The feast of the “porchetta”

I. FIRST EDITION of this poem in 119 ottave that describes the feast of the “porchetta” (roast pork) celebrated every year in Bologna. EXTREMELY RARE. No copies in North America.

Since the late 13th century the festival commemorated a famous episode of the town’s history occurred in 1281.

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“Queen Elizabeth’s Prayer Book”. With a Fine Dance of Death Sequence

DANCE OF DEATH. Elizabeth I, Queen of England (1533-1603); Day, Richard (b. 1552)
A Booke of Christian prayers, collected out of the ancient writers, and best learned in our time, worthy to be read with an earnest mind of all Christians, in these dangerous and troublesome daies, that God for Christes sake will yet still be mercifull vnto vs.

London: Printed by Richard Yardley, and Peter Short, for the assignes of Richard Day, 1590

Quarto: 18 x 13 cm. [8], 138, [2] leaves. Collation: [par]4, A-Y4, Aa-Oo4

$18,000.00

This remarkable book is illustrated throughout with fine woodcut illustrations set within decorative woodcut borders, derived from French books of hours, incorporating scenes from the Life of Christ, the Dance of Death, the Signs of Judgment, the Works of Mercy, the Five Senses, and the Procession of the Virtues & Vices. The title page features a woodcut border of the Tree of Jesse. The recto bears a full-paged portrait of Queen Elizabeth I.

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STC (2nd ed.), 6431

The First Illustrated Aldine Dante

Dante Alighieri (1265-1321)
Dante col sito, et forma dell’Inferno tratta dalla istessa descrittione del Poeta

Venice: nelle Case d’Aldo et d’Andrea de Asola, August 1515

Octavo: 15.7 x 9.2 cm. [2], 244, [4] leaves. Collation: π2, a-z8, A-H8. With blank leaf i2 present, lacking blank H7.

$15,000.00

The first Aldine Dante appeared in 1502, edited by Pietro Bembo. Aldus himself is believed to have prepared this second edition of Dante, which appeared shortly after his death in 1515. The volume opens with a dedicatory epistle by Andrea Torresani, Aldus’ partner and father-in-law, to the celebrated Vittoria Colonna (1490-1547).

The Illustrations:

The title page announces the inclusion of the new map (“the location, shape, and size”) of the Inferno.

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Renouard, p. 73, no. 8; Ahmanson-Murphy 136; Batines I, pp. 71-75; Mambelli 24; Adams D-88

The First Aldine Dante

Dante Alighieri (1265-1321)
Le terze rime di Dante.

Venice: Aldus Manutius, August 1502

Octavo: 15 x 9.1 cm. 244 unnumbered leaves. Collation: a-z8, A-G8, H4. Leaf l2 is a blank.

$16,000.00

This is the issue with the Aldine anchor and dolphin device on the final leaf. Quires a-c were also completely re-set, the present copy having the headline 'INFERNO' on a2r, and 'INF' in all the other leaves of these quires.

The edition – titled here simply “Le terze rime” – signals a linguistic restoration of the work and an important advance in the recovery of the original text.

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De Batines, I, pp. 60-62; Mambelli, 17; Renouard, p. 34, no. 5; Ahmanson-Murphy, 59; Dionisotti-Orlandi, “Aldo Manuzio editore”, no. XXX; Adams, D-83; Gamba, 385

The Most Complete 17th c. Edition

Donne, John (1573-1631).
Poems, &c. by John Donne, late Dean of St. Pauls. With elegies on the Author's Death. To which is added divers copies under his own hand, never before printed.

London: printed by T. N., for Henry Herringman, at the sign of the Anchor, in the lower-walk of the New-Exchange. 1669

Octavo: 16.5 x 10.3 cm. (6), 414 pp. Collation: A4 (A1 blank and present),B-Z, Aa-Dd8 (Dd8 blank and present)

$7,500.00

“The poetry of Donne represents a sharp break with that written by his predecessors and most of his contemporaries. Much Elizabethan verse is decorative and flowery in its quality. Its images adorn; its meter is mellifluous. Image harmonizes with image, and line swells almost predictably into line. Donne’s poetry, on the other hand, is written very largely in conceits— concentrated images that involve an element of dramatic contrast, of strain, or of intellectual difficulty.

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Keynes 84; Wing D1871; Grolier, Wither to Prior #291

Elizabeth Reluctantly Orders the Execution of Mary, Queen of Scots

Elizabeth, I, Queen of England (1533-1603); Salisbury, Robert Cecil, Earl of (1563-1612); [Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots (1542-1587)]
The copie of a letter to the Right Honourable the Earle of Leycester, Lieutenant generall of all her Maiesties forces in the vnited Prouinces of the lowe Countreys, written before, but deliuered at his returne from thence: vvith a report of certeine petitions and declarations made to the Queenes Maiestie at two seuerall times, from all the lordes and commons lately assembled in Parliament. And her Maiesties answeres thereunto by her selfe deliuered, though not expressed by the reporter with such grace and life, as the same were vttered by her Maiestie.

London: By Christopher Barker, printer to the Queenes most excellent Maiestie, 1586

Quarto: 18.5 x 13 cm. [4], 3, [1], 4-32, [3] p. Collation: A-E4 (lacking blank leaf E4)

$6,500.00

A fascinating work, documenting the exchange between Parliament and Queen Elizabeth on the proposed execution of Mary, Queen of Scots. The volume opens with a letter to the Earl of Leicester dated November 25th, 1586 and signed R.C. (Robert Cecil) in which Cecil announces that he has transcribed “the speaches delivered by the Queene’s most excellent maiestie in a late and weightie cause dealt in this parliament” together with the “petitions presented to hir Maiestie the 12th and 24th of November at Richmond by the Lord Chauncelour and Speaker”.

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STC 6052; ESTC S109079

Elyot’s English Renaissance Masterpiece: The Conduct & Education of the English Prince & Courtier. The Boxbourne Library Copy

Elyot, Thomas, Sir (1490?-1546)
The boke named the Gouernour deuised by syr Thomas Elyot knight

London: Thomas Berthelet, 1544

Octavo: 14 x 10 cm. [8], 216 lvs. Collation: a8, A-Z8 a-d8

$12,000.00

Thomas Elyot, humanist and diplomat, composed three influential works during the reign of King Henry VIII: “The Boke named the Governour”(1531), a Latin-English “Dictionary”(1538) and the “Castel of Helth”(1539). Of these, it is the “Governour” that proved most influential and brought Elyot preferment at Henry’s court.

In September 1531 Elyot was named ambassador to the emperor Charles V and sent to the continent to “to sound out Charles regarding the king's divorce from Katherine of Aragon, who was the emperor's aunt” and to apprehend William Tyndale.

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ESTC S100426; cf. PMM 61; STC 7637

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