Incunabula

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Burned by Luther - In a Contemporary Binding from the Benedictine Monastery at Weissenhoe

Angelus De Clavasio [Angelo Carletti di Chivasso] (1411-1495)
Summa angelica de casibus conscientiae.

Nuremberg: Anton Koberger, 28 August 1488

Chancery folio: 30.5 x 21.5 cm. [1], cccx, [1] lvs. (complete with first and last blanks.) Collation: a8, b-z6, 2a-2z6, [2et]6, [2con]6, 2t6, 2A-3B8. Leaf a2, a3, a4, and a5 are signed "a", "aii", "aiii", "aiiii". Foliation begins on leaf a2 and is continuous.

$12,000.00

An attractive Koberger printing of Angelo Carletti's authoritative compendium of moral theology. Written as a comprehensive manual for confessors, the "Summa" includes a section dealing with the actual administration of confession, how confessors are to conduct themselves, the questions they are to ask, and the penances to be levied.

Angelo Carletti di Chivasso: Moral theologian of the order of Friars Minor, was born in 1411, and died at Coni in 1495.

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ISTC ia00717000; HC *5385; GW 1927; BMC II 432; Bod-inc A-288; BSB-Ink A-527; Goff A-717

Gutenberg's Other Great Innovation - The Hibbert-Botfield copy of the Catholicon

BALBUS, Johannes (O.P., d.1298)
Catholicon.

Mainz: [Peter Schoeffer, ca. [1469], 1460

$600,000.00

Theo Gerardy in Gutenberg Jahrbuch articles of 1971, 1973 and 1980 showed that the Galliziani and Tower/Crown paper stocks in the Catholicon did not exist in 1460 and therefore suggested a date in the late 1460s for the edition as a whole. This dating of all three issues to c. 1469 was later taken up by Lotte Hellinga, who added numerous details and arguments to support it in a wide-ranging investigation of typographical evidence in the Catholicon and textual evidence in the 4° Aquinas (see Gutenberg Jahrbuch1989, 1990, 1991, Bulletin du Bibliophile 1991, The Book Collector 1992, Archiv für Geschichte des Buchwesens 1993).

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HC *2254; GW 3182(3); BMC I, 39 (IC. 303); Goff B-20; CIBN B-13 (II); De Ricci, Mayence 90.97= ? 90.71 (both "exemplaires disparus"). BMC assigns letters to the collation: a-f10, g4, h-t10, v4+1, A-S10, T4.

Astronomy and Meteorology; Flora and Fauna: The Natural World in the Middle Ages. With 15th c. Provenance. Bound at the Monastery of St Zeno

Berenger of Landorra, Archbishop of Santiago de Compostela (circa 1262-1330), and Gregory of Vorau (ed. Matthias Farinator)
Lumen Animae. Incipit: Liber moralitatum elegantissimus magnarum reru[m] naturalium lumen anime dict[us]: cu[m] septe[m] apparitorib[us] necno[n] sanctoru[m] doctoru[m] orthodoxe fidei p[ro]fessorum Poetaru[m] etia[m] ac oratoru[m] auctoritatib[us] p[er] modum pharatre s[e]c[un]d[u]m ordine[m] alphabeti collectis feliciter incipit.

Strasbourg: Printer of the 1481 Legenda aurea, 22 March 1482

Folio: 29.2 x 21.8 cm. 274 unsigned leaves. [A-C]8, [D]10; [a-m]8, [n]6,[o-z]8, [aa-ff]8, [gg]10. Complete with the initial and final blanks.

$35,000.00

The arrival of printed books is so often regarded as one of the inaugural moments of the renaissance that it is sometimes forgotten that the first years of print also represented the last great flowering of the Middle Ages. The “Lumen Anime” (Light of the Soul), is testament to that. Formerly attributed to the Carmelite friar Mathias Farinator of Vienna (who compiled the index), the “Lumen Anime” is now known to be Berenger of Landorra, General of the Dominican order and archbishop of Campostella from 1317 to 1325.

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BMC I, 97; Hain-Copinger 10333*; Goff L-396; Proctor 413; Polain 1468; Wellcome I, 2175; Klebs 631.3; Thorndyke III, 546ff. Sources: Mary A. and Richard H. Rouse, ‘The Texts called Lumen Anime,’ Archivum Fratrum Praedicatorum, 41 (Rome, 1971), 5-113; N.R. Ker, Records of All Soul’s College Library. 1437-1600 (Oxford, 1971), 27.

Praised by Copernicus in Book I of the ‘De Revolutionibus’ for Capella’s Model of Heliocentric Orbits

Capella, Martianus Minneus Felix. (circa 420-490), Edited by Franciscus Vitalis Bodianus.
Opus Martiani. Capellae de Nuptiis Philologiae & Mercurii libri duo. De Grammatica. Liber. Tertius. De Dialectica. Liber. Quartus. De Rhetorica. Liber. Quintus. De Geometria. Liber. Sextus. De Arithmetica. Liber. Septimus. De Astronomia. Liber. Octavus. De Musica. Liber. Nonus.

Modena, Dionysius Bertochus, 15 May, 1500

$28,000.00

Bound with:

Hyginus, C. Julius (1st century A.D.); Aratus, of Soli. (c. 315-c. 245 B.C.); Proclus Diadochus (ca. 410-484)

Fabularum Liber, Ad Omnium Poetarum Lectionem Mire necessarius, & nunc denuo excusus: Eiusdem Poeticon Astronomicon Libri quatuor. Quibus accesserunt similis argumenti, Palaephati de fabulosis narrationibus, Liber I.

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I. Goff C-118; Hain 4371*; Klebs 668.2; Smith (Rara Arithmetica) p. 67; Pell 3225; IGI 2427; Pr 7215; BMC VII 1068 (IB 31860). II. Wellcome I, 3377; Zinner 1592

Teaching Egyptian Monasticism in 4th Century Gaul - The first edition of Cassian's "Institutes"

Cassianus, Johannes (c. 360-435)
De institutis coenobiorum – Collationes patrum XXIV.

Basel: [Johann Amerbach, after 24 September] 1485

Chancery folio: 2 parts in one volume. 30 x 21 cm. [208] lvs. Collation: [*]10, a-b8, c-d6, e-h6.8, i8, k-n6.8, o-t8, v6; A-B8, C-F6.8, G8

$24,000.00

Johannes Cassianus is an elusive and remarkable figure. As a young man, he lived as a monk in Palestine for about three years, before venturing on to Egypt. While it is unclear how much time Cassian spent in Egypt, he learned a great deal about the Egyptian monastic tradition. He would later use the Egyptian monastic model as a blueprint when forming his own community in Gaul, and would incorporate the philosophy of the Egyptian monks in his major writings.

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ISTC ic00233000; HC *4562; GW 6160; BMC III 748; Bod-inc C-102; BSB-Ink C-165; Goff C-233

With Four Tracts on Demons, Exorcism & Spells - In a Contemporary Nuremberg Binding

Hemmerlin, Felix (1388-1460)
Opuscula et tractatus

[Strasbourg: Printer of the 1483 Jordanus de Quedlinburg (Georg Husner), or Johann (Reinhard) Grüninger, or Printer of Hemmerlin (Wilhelm Schaffener?),] after 13 August 1497

Chancery folio: 27 x 19.5 cm. π4, a-z6, aa-gg6. Complete with the blank leaves π4 and gg6)

$22,000.00

Felix Hemmerlin (also known under his Latin name Malleotus), was a Swiss scholar and adherent of the reform party at the Councils of Constance (1414-1418) and Basel (1431-1449). This collection of his works was edited by the Nuremberg humanist Sebastian Brant. 

Hemmerlin is well known to historians of witchcraft and demonology, and this collection includes his four works on spells, witches, demons, and exorcism: 1.

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ISTC ih00017000; HC *8424; GW 12187; BMC I 172 (& 102); CIBN H-9; Bod-inc H-010; BSB-Ink H-42; Goff H-17

The First Illustrated Edition of Horace (1498)

Horace. Horatius Flaccus, Quintus (65-8 B.C.)
Opera cu[m] quibusdam Annotat[i]o[n]ib[us]. Imaginibusq[ue] pulcherrimis aptisq[ue] ad Odarum conce[n]tus & sente[n]tias.

Strasbourg: Johann Reinhard, called Grüninger, 12 March, 1498

Folio: 298 x 222 mm. Collation: [*]6, A-V6, X-Z6, AA-II6, KK-LL8; [**]6

$60,000.00

This copy is partially rubricated and is annotated, in Latin, throughout in at least two contemporary hands. The early annotations are intact, having been spared by the binder’s knife, and consist of metrical notations, citations from other authors, and comments. There are also two glosses in Greek (leaves S6v and FF1r) as well as an apparent note in German (leaf FF6). An added manuscript index for the “Epistolae” is bound after the final text leaf.

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Hain 8898; Goff H 461; BMC I, 112; Polain 1989; Proctor 485; Walsh 182; Fairfax Murray (German) 205; Rosenwald Collection 188; Dibdin, Bibl. Spenceriana II, 87-95. For Grüninger, his illustrated books, and Locher’s edition of Horace, see Mark Morford, Johann Grüninger of Strasbourg in “Syntagmatia: Essays on Neo-Latin Literature in Honour of Monique Mund-Dopchie and Gilbert Tournoy (Humanistica Lovaniensia, XXVI) 2009

The First Printed Illustrations of the Constellations

Hyginus, Caius Julius (fl. 2nd century)
Poeticon astronomicon. Edited by Jacobus Sentinus and Johannes Lucilius Santritter.

Venice: Erhard Ratdolt, 14 October, 1482

Quarto: 20 x 14.6 cm. Collation: a-f8 g10 (a1 blank, a2r dedication to M. Fabius [Quintilianus?], a3r text, g9r commendatory poem by Jacobus Sentinus, g10r poem and verse colophon by Johannes Santritter, g10v blank). 58 leaves. 31 lines. Types 3:91G (text), 7:92G (heading on a2r), 91 Gk (a few words). Title on a2r printed in red, 11-, 7-, 5- and 3-line white-on-black woodcut initials. 47 half-page woodcuts, probably designed by Johannes Santritter, of the constellation and planet figures.

$45,000.00

FIRST ILLUSTRATED EDITION of Hyginus’ “Poeticon Astronomicon”, illustrated with 47 half-page woodcuts of the constellations and the planets personified. The text is set in a pleasing Gothic. The text of Hyginus was first published in an unillustrated edition at Ferrara in 1475.

The “Poeticon Astronomicon” (more correctly, the “Astronomica”) is an ancient Roman work on the constellations chiefly based on the work of the Greek scientist Eratosthenes (3rd c.

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BMC V, 286; BSB-Ink H-459; CIBN H-334; Essling 285; Goff H-560; HC 9062*; Hind II, p. 462; IGI 4959; Klebs 527.2; Pollard/Perrins 31; Redgrave 30; Sander 3472

A Theology Informed by Aristotelian Physics - The First Edition - Bound in a Contemporary Saxon Binding

Jordanus de Quedlinburg (1300-1370/80)
Sermones Dan de sanctis

[Strasbourg: Heinrich Knoblochtzer?], not after 1479

Royal folio: 39.3 x 29.3 cm. 238 lvs. Collation: a8, b-f10, g6, h-k10, l6 m-r10, s8, t-z10, A-B10 (Complete with blank lvs. 1 and 188).

$28,000.00

FIRST EDITION of Jordan of Quedlinburg's important "Sermons on the Saints", his last collection of sermons, composed between 1365 and 1380. For a thorough discussion of Jordan's synthesis of Aristotelian physics and Augustinian theology, see Saak, Luther and the Reformation of the Later Middle Ages, p. 50 ff., where the "Sermons on the Saints" are discussed in detail.

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ISTC ij00478000; HC *5919; BMC I 87; BSB-Ink I-611; CIBN J-305; Goff J-478

The Ancient Cosmos & The Twilight of Pagan Rome -An Annotated Copy

Macrobius, Aurelius Theodosius (approx. 370-430 C.E.)
In Somnium Scipionis expositio. Saturnalia Venice: Philippus Pincius, 29 Oct. 1500 [Bound with:] Lactantius, Lucius Coelius Firmianus (ca. 240 ca. 320 C.E.) Opera. Contents: De divinis institutionibus; De ira dei; De opificio dei vel de formatione hominis; De phoenice carmen. Epitome divinarum institutionum [cap. LVI-LXXIII]. Venantius Fortunatus: De resurrectione Christi. Tertullianus: Apologeticus adversus gentes.

Venice: Bonetus Locatellus, for Octavianus Scotus, 11 Oct. 1494

Folio: Two books bound as one: 30.8 x 21 cm. Macrobius: XXXVI, LXXXVI lvs. Collation: a-f6, A-N6, O8 = 122 leaves. Complete.

$12,000.00

The works of two important authors from late Roman antiquity, the pairing of which allows us to compare and contrast two dramatically different worldviews:

Written in the late fourth or early fifth century, during the twilight years of Roman paganism, Macrobius' "Saturnalia" and "Commentary on the Dream of Scipio" are two of the last works produced in proto-Christian antiquity that present us with an intellectual and cultural vision that ignores Christianity altogether.

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Macrobius: ISTC im00013000; Goff M13; HC 10430*; Pr 5326; BMC V 499; BSB-Ink M-5; GW M19705. Lactantius: ISTC il00012000; Goff L12; H 9817*; Pr 5056; BMC V 443; BSB-Ink L-11; GW M16557.

"And yet why should it be thought marvelous for a virgin to conceive, when it is well known that the Phoenix is in such wise born, or born again, without the intervention of a mate?" - Rufinus' Apologia for the Virgin Birth

Rufinus, Tyrannius, Aquileiensis (344/5-411)
Expositio in symbolum apostolorum

[Cologne: Ulrich Zel], about 1472

Chancery quarto in half sheets: 20.6 x 14 cm., 30 leaves. Collation: a-c8, d6 (leaf d6 blank and present). 2a: 27 lines, 146 x 85 mm. Type 96 (108) Voulliéme 1057. Hain *8578.

$15,500.00

"Tyrannius Rufinus is chiefly known from his relation to Jerome, first as an intimate friend and afterwards as a bitter enemy. Like Jerome, he departed from Italy to live in the East. For many years he lived in monasteries in Egypt and in Palestine, acquiring the learning of the Eastern churches. Towards the end of his life he returned to Italy and occupied himself in translating works of the earlier Greek Fathers into Latin.

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ISTC ir00351000 ; Goff R351; HC 8578*; Voull(K) 1057; Pell Ms 10282 [bis] (10057b); CIBN R-226; Zehnacker 2033; Kotvan 635; Sajó-Soltész 2987; IDL 3971; Ernst(Hildesheim) I,I 239; Voull(B) 716,5; Voull(Trier) 371; Ohly-Sack 2507; Pad-Ink 602; Walsh 338; Oates 383, 384; Bod-inc R-147; Sheppard 667, 668; Pr 877; BMC I 191; BSB-Ink R-285; GW M08074

Renaissance Science and its Medieval Antecedents

Sacrobosco, Johannes de (ca. 1195 – ca. 1256 A.D.); Regiomontanus, Johannes (1436-1476); Peurbach, Georg von (1423-1461)
Sphaera mundi [with] Johannes Regiomontanus: Disputationes contra Cremonensia deliramenta [and] Georg von Peurbach: Theoricae novae planetarum.

Venice: Erhard Ratdolt, 6 July 1482

Quarto: 19.5 x 14.3 cm. 60 lvs. Collation: a-g8, h4. 30-31 lines, Gothic type

$38,000.00

A fine copy of Erhard Ratdolt’s beautiful printing of Sacrobosco’s “Sphere”, the core astronomical textbook from the Middle Ages to the early 16th century. This edition is the first to include key texts by two of the most influential 15th c. astronomers: Johannes Regiomontanus and Georg Peurbach.

Working in the vein of the Renaissance humanists, Peurbach and his student Regiomontanus sought out the extant scientific writings of antiquity, the classical foundations of medieval European and Arabic science.

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ISTC ij00405000; BMC V 286; Goff J405; Hain-Copinger 14110

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