Sadeler’s Views of Rome & The Bay of Naples

Sadeler, Aegidius (1570-1629)

Vestigi delle antichita di Roma Tivoli Pozzvolo et altri luochi. Con privilegio di sua Sac. Ces. Mae. Stampati in Praga da Aegidio Sadeler scultore di essa mae 1606.

Rome: Giovanni Giacomo de Rossi, 1660


Oblong folio: 37 x 20 cm. I. Engraved title page and 50 engraved plates.

SECOND EDITION (first printed in 1606).

With an engraved allegorical title with the main title incised within a wolf's hide hung on a monument; an engraved dedication to Matteo Wackero da Wackenfels (numbered'1'), with the text incised on a stone tablet between flanking obelisks and with two putti supporting the dedicatee's arms; and 49 full-paged engraved plates (ca. 170 x 270 mm), all numbered and signed 'Marco Sadeler excudit', with descriptive captions in Italian.

An extremely fine, broad-margined copy with very rich and clear impressions of the plates. In an attricative contemporary binding of stiff ivory vellum, the boards with large central arabesques in gold, framed by a double gilt rule, and with floral tools at the angles and along the spine.

Thirty-six of these images were copied by Aegidius Sadeler from Etienne Du Pérac's " Vestigi dell'Antichità di Roma" (Rome 1575). For the other images, Sadeler drew on drawings by Jan Breughel the elder and Pieter Stevens. Marco Sadeler, whose name appears on the plates, was an engraver and print seller in Prague in the early 1600's and probably the nephew of Aegidius. In the middle of the 17th century, a copy of the 1606 edition found its way to Rome where it was copied for Giovanni Giacomo de' Rossi by Girolamo Ferri, with the "Marco Sadeler excudit" preserved on each plate (late variants appeared towards 1677, at the end of the career of Giacomo de' Rossi, with "Marco Sadeler/ sculpsit" in place of "excudit".)

In this series, the artists have depicted the ancient monuments of Rome, Tivoli and Pozzuoli as they appeared in the late sixteenth- and early seventeenth-century: crowned with vegetation, half-buried by the rising ground level and encroached upon by a host of post-Roman structures. The scenes are alive with Rome's inhabitants: herdsmen, mule-drivers, cattle, sheep, and every manner of citizen. The images, in which the ruins are depicted in their un-restored state and within the context of their early modern environments, serve as a record of the monuments as they appeared in this period and evoke the atmosphere of daily life in early modern Rome.

Sadeler and The Bay of Naples:

In addition to the views of Rome, the Sadeler series also includes a number of plates of ruins and views of the Bay of Naples and its environs: the Gulf of Baiae, Cuma, Lago Averno, the Campi Flegrei, Capo Miseno, and the Villa Agrippina at Oplontis, and other places within the confines of Pozzuoli.

Olschki 18017; Fowler 283; Berlin Katalog 1856; Bartsch (1978) LXXII, pt. 1, 161-211; Cicognara 3871 (1606 ed.); Hollstein Dutch XXI, 151-201; Weinreb 2, 129; BAL III, nr. 2882 (all plates listed individually); Kissner 408; Catalogue of the exhibition "Vestigi delle antichita ... Momenti dell'elaborazione di un'immagine", edited by Anna Grelle, Rome 1987, pages 123-144 and passim.