With Contemporary Annotations

Cicero, Marcus Tullius (106-43 B.C.); Lorich, Reinhard (ca. 1510-1564?)

Ad C. Herennivm rhetorica, iam recens in succinctam compendij redacta formam, & in appositas ad puerorum ingenia tabulas digesta. Nonnullis autem in locis ex optimorum autorum monumentis locupletata, per Reinhardvm Lorichium Hadamarium. Frankfurt am Main: Christian Egenolph, 1541 Hermogenes of Tarsus. (fl. 161-180 A.D.); Priscian (fl. 500 A.D.), trans. Ad artem oratoriam praeexercitamenta, Prisciano interprete. Nuremberg: Johann Petreius, 1544 Cicero, Marcus Tullius (106-43 B.C.) Rhetoricorvm ad C. Herennium, libri IIII. In eorundem obscura & difficilia loca annotationes perutiles & necessariae, à Gyberto Longolio conscriptae. Eiusdem ... Ciceronis de inuentione rhetorica libri II. Cum M. Fabij Victorini ... commentarijs ... Cologne: Johann Gymnichs Erben, 1544 Zasius, Ulrich (1461-1535) In M. T. Ciceronis rhetoricam ad Herennium enarratio, nunc primum in lucem edita ...

Basel: [Robert Winter], 1537


Octavo: 15.8 x 10 cm. I.[ 54], [2] (blank) lvs. Collation: A-G8 (G7, 8 blank); II. [14], [2] (blank) lvs. Collation: a-b8 (b7, 8 blank); III. 538, 5 p. Collation: A-Z8, AA-LL8; IV. [36], 293 p., [1] bank leaf. A8, B10, a-s8, t4 (t4 blank)


Bound in contemporary, alum-tawed pigskin, tooled in blind with scrolling vine-work and floral motifs. The binding is in fine condition, spine lightly soiled, remains of original hide ties. The contents are in immaculate condition. With annotations on two of the blanks and throughout the second work.

Four publications on rhetoric, featuring (most prominently) Cicero’s “De Inventione” and the pseudo-Ciceronian “Rhetorica”, as well as the digest version of the “Rhetorica” by Reinhard Lorich, the printing of which required that some passages be printed vertically on the same page with other, horizontal passages. The rhetorical exercises of Hermogenes of Tarsus are here in the Latin translation of Priscian. Finally, we have the commentary on the “Rhetorica” by Ulrich Zasius.

The pseudo-Ciceronian “Rhetorica ad Herrenium” and Cicero’s “De inventione”, were “the two central texts in both medieval and Renaissance rhetorical study, and, arguably, the most widely used classical writings of all time.”(Ward)

As John O. Ward has shown in his numerous publications on the subject, in particular his  “Renaissance Commentators on Ciceronian Rhetoric”, Cicero’s “De inventione”, begun when the Roman orator and statesman was about twenty and finished around 54 B.C., and the “Rhetorica ad Herrenium”, written around 85 B.C. and believed to be an authentic work of Cicero at least since the time of Jerome, served as the basis for European rhetorical study from the Carolingian period through the Middle Ages, and into the Renaissance. These two works, and in particular the “Ad Herrenium”, maintained their centrality long after many of the standard texts of the Carolingian period were side-lined. Nor did the texts fade with the passing of the Middle Ages. In the fourteenth- and fifteenth- centuries, university candidates for a degree in rhetoric were required to write on both the “Rhetorica vetus” and the “Rhetorica nova”, as the works were commonly called.

In considering the primacy of the “Ad Herrenium” despite the availability of other texts on rhetoric (Cicero’s “De Oratore”, for example) and the text’s continued utility, Ward writes: “A text such as the ‘Rhetorica ad Herrenium’ had everything: concision, good classical credentials, comprehensive treatment, and… commentaries. The fact that its language is unorthodox, elliptical, and here and there archaic or lacunose… seems not to have bothered medieval or even Renaissance users. Elements stemming ultimately from this text appear, therefore, in many more pragmatically oriented theoretical user contexts: prose composition and the epistolary art, the art of poetic composition, the art of preaching and praying, and the art of political or assembly harangue in civic contexts. The ‘Ad Herrenium’ provided a basic introduction to law, to aspects of Roman republican political and legal society, and to advanced Latin composition. Its own rules were easily put to use in a variety of contexts”(Ward, “Cicero’s ‘De inventione’ and the ‘Rhetorica ad Herrenium’”, pp. 58-9)

I. VD 16, C 3875; Not in Adams, Benzing, Schweiger, or STC (+ Suppl.) II. VD 16, H 2481; Not in Adams, Benzing, Schweiger, or STC (+ Suppl.) III. VD 16, ZV 3481; Schweiger II1, 115; Not in Adams or STC (+ Suppl.) IV. VD 16, Z 143; Not in Adams or STC (+ Suppl.)