The Jesuits

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Canadian Native Americans as victims & perpetrators of violence

AMERICAS. CANADA. Bressani, Francesco Giuseppe (1612-1672)
Breve Relatione d’Alcune Missioni de’ PP. della Compagnia di Giesù nella Nuova Francia.

Macerata: Heirs of Agostino Grisei, 1653

$15,000.00

Quarto: 21.5 x 15.5 cm. [4], 8 pp., 9-10 ll., 11-127, [1] pp. Collation: π2 A4 B4 (±B1.2) C-Q4

FIRST EDITION of one of the most important eyewitness accounts of 17th-century Canada devoted primarily to the Huron Indians, but also with accounts of other groups, including the Jesuit author’s captivity and mutilation under the Iroquois. He also devotes 25 pages to a 1643 letter written by his Jesuit colleague Isaac Jogues (1607-1646), who was killed by the Mohawks.

Bressani (1612-1672), an Italian Jesuit, travelled to Canada as a missionary in 1642.

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Alden & Landis 653/15; De Backer & Sommervogel II, col. 133; Walter, Jesuit relations, 43; Church 524; James Ford Bell Lib. B-407; JCB II, p. 428; Lande, Canadiana 57; McCoy, Jesuit relations 82; Sabin 7734; not in Eberstadt; Streeter.

The First Edition of Maffei’s Life of Ignatius

IGNATIUS OF LOYOLA, SAINT (1491-1556), Maffei, Giovanni Pietro (1536-1603)
De Vita et Morib. Ignatii Loiolae: qui Societatem Iesu fundavit, libri III

Rome: Apud F. Zannettum, 1585

$5,500.00

Quarto: 20 x 14.5 cm †2, A-Z4, Aa-Cc4, Dd2

Maffei, author of the influential history of the Jesuit missions in Asia, wrote his life of Ignatius to advance the Jesuits’ case for the canonization of the Society’s founder. In his opening letter to the Jesuit General Claudio Acquaviva, Maffei tells us that he composed the work at the behest of the previous general of the order, Everard Mercurian. The year in which this biography appeared (1585) was an inauspicious year for the Jesuits, for it was the first year of the reign of Pope Sixtus V, who was hostile to the order.

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Backer-Sommervogel V, 296; Palau 14, 6954

Jesuits, Brahmans, & Snake-worshippers

INDIA. JESUITS. Magistris, Giacinto di, S.J. (1605-1668)
Relatione della Christianitá di Madure fatta da Padri Missionarii della Comp. de Giesù della Provinvia del Malavar.

Rome: Angelo Bernabo del Verme, 1661

$2,500.00

Octavo: 15 x 10 cm. [16], 385 (recte 389) [2] p. Collation: *8, A-Z8, Aa8, Bb4

Giacinto de Magistris, an Italian Jesuit, worked in India for twenty years before returning to Rome in 1660. From 1644 to 1659 he acted as secretary and companion to Archbishop Francisco Garcia of Cranganore. He returned to Europe as procurator of the Malabar mission. He later returned to India, where he died in 1668.

In 1661 Magistris published at Rome his ‘Relation’ as a call to his confreres to enlist for service in Madura, Tanjore, and other places in southern and eastern India.

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De Backer-S. V, 313; Streit V, 451

Jesuit Letters from Japan and India. Including an Account of the Death of Rudolph Aquaviva and the "Martyrs of Cuncolim"

JESUITS. JAPAN. INDIA. Fróis, Luís (1532-1597); Valignano, Alessandro (1539-1606), et alii
Nuove Lettere delle Cose del Giappone, Paese del Mondo Novo, Dell'anno 1579. infino al 1581. Con La Morte d'Alcuni Padri della Compagnia di Giesu'.

Venice: Appreso I Gioliti, 1585

$8,500.00

Octavo: 16 x 10.5 cm. 188, [11] pp. Collation: A-M8, N4

This collection contains the following letters from the Jesuit missions in Japan: Francesco Carreón, writing from Kuchinotsu, 1 Dec., 1579; Gregorio de Céspedes, 1579; Lorenço Mexia, at Bungo, 20 Oct., 1580; three letters by Luís Fróis, Miyako, 14 April, 1581; 19 May, 1581; and 29 May, 1581; Francesco Cabral, 15 Sept., 1581. The final letter is by Alessandro Valignano, written at Goa 28 Dec.

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Streit, Bibliotheca Missionum, IV. 1639; Sommervogel, II, col 492; Cordier, Sinica, 75; Laures 170

"The First Book Published in Europe Devoted Entirely to Acoustics" –Merrill

Kircher, Athanasius (1602-1680)
Phonurgia Nova sive Conjugium mechanico-physicum artis & naturae paranympha phonosophia concinnatum. quâ universa sonorum natura, proprietas, vires effectuúm[que] prodigiosorum causæ, novâ & multiplici experimentorum exhibitione enucleantur : instrumentorum acusticorum, machinarúm[que] ad naturæ prototypon adaptandarum, tum ad sonos ad remotissima spatia propagandos, tum in abditis domorum recessibus per occultioris ingenii machinamenta clam palámue sermocinandi modus & ratio traditur, tum denique in bellorum tumultibus singurlaris hujusmodi organorum usus, & praxis per nouam phonologiam describitur.

Kempten: Per Rudolphum Dreherr, 1673

$15,000.00

Folio: 32.2 x 21.5 cm. [41], [1, blank], 229, [1, blank], [16] pp. Collation: π4, a-c4, d1, (*)4, (***)4, A-Z4, Aa-Hh4 (lacking final blank). With 2 added plates at p. 114 and p. 132. The engraved title page and the portrait are integral to the collation.

The “Phonurgia” is illustrated with an added engraved allegorical title by G. And. Wolfgang after Felix Cheurier, an engraved title vignette, an engraved portrait of Emperor Leopold I by G. And. Wolfgang after Franz Herman, two engraved plates, seventeen engravings and numerous woodcut diagrams and illustrations in the text, musical notation, ornamental woodcut head- and tail-pieces, and decorative initials.

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De Backer-Sommervogel IV, col. 1068; Merrill 25; Caillet 5789; Graesse IV, p. 22.

Kircher’s China

Kircher, Athanasius (1602-1680)
Athanasii Kircheri E Soc. Jesu China Monumentis Qua Sacris quà Profanis, Nec non variis Naturæ & Artis Spectaculis, Aliarumque rerum memorabilium Argumentis Illustrata, Auspiciis Leopoldi Primi Roman. Imper. Semper Augusti Munificentissimi Mecænatis.

Amsterdam: Apud Jacobum `a Meurs, in fossa vulgo` de Keyfersgracht, 1667

$16,000.00

Folio: 31 x 21 cm. *4, **4; A-Z4; Aa-Hh4. (*1 is the engraved title page)

"In 1667 the learned German Jesuit, Athanasius Kircher, published his ‘China Illustrata’ at Amsterdam. Gathering his materials from the works of other members of the Society, Kircher wrote one of the century’s most influential treatises on China. His primary purpose was to establish the authenticity of the Nestorian monument discovered in Sian, and to that end he produced in print the original Chinese and Syriac inscriptions on the monument, the Chinese text in Romanization, and finally a Latin translation and his explication of the Chinese and Syriac texts.

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Merrill 20 ("Constitutes the first Chinese vocabulary ever printed in the West. He includes a Sanskrit grammar and vocabulary ... the first printing of a Sanskrit grammar in Europe"); De Backer Sommervogel IV 1063, 24; Cordier 26; Caillet 5774; Brunet III, 666-667; Reilly #23; Lach "Asia in The Making of Europe", Vol III, Bk I, pp. 485-486, 527-528.

Kircher Revived: The Great Plague of 1740

Kircher, Athanasius (1602-1680)
Scrutinium Pestis Physico-Medicum publico commodo recusum. dum per reverend. patrem Urbanum Madcho ... in ejusdem Universitatis aula academica, de re litteraria philosophica benemeriti, supremâ philosophiae laureâ donarentur

Graz: Typis Haeredum Widmanstadii, 1740

$4,500.00

Octavo: 15.5 x 9.5 cm. 240 p. Collation: )(6, A-P8, Q2

Originally published in 1658, 7 years before Hooke's "Micrographia" appeared in print, Kircher's work on the plague and its causes was a landmark work on the subject. In 1740, in response to the Great Plague that was ravaging Eastern Europe, the Jesuit faculty at the University of Graz republished the work "for the public good." The plague began in 1738 and killed at least 50,000 people in areas of (modern-day) Romania, Hungary, Ukraine, Serbia, Croatia, and Austria.

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For the first edition, see: Brunet III, 668; Caillet II, 365.5792; Clendening 7.8; De Backer I, 426.16; VII, 286.13; Garrison /Morton 589.5118; Grassse IV, 22; Sommervogel IV, 1057-58.16

With Accounts of The Jesuit Missions & Persecution of Christians in Japan

Montanus, Arnoldus (1625-1683)
Ambassades Mémorables de la Compagnie des Indes Orientales des Provinces Unies, vers les Empereurs du Japon. Contenant plusieurs choses remarquables arrivées pendant le voyage des Ambassadeurs; et deplus, la Description des Villes, Bourgs, Chateaux, Forteresses, Temples & autres batimens: Des animaux, des Plantes, Montagnes, Riviéres, Fonteines; Des moeurs, coutumes, Religions & habillemens des Japonois: Comme aussi leurs exploits de guerre, & les révolutions tant anciennes que modernes que ces Peuplles ont essuyées. Le toot Enrichi de Figures dessinées sur les lieux, & tiré des Mémoires des Ambassadeurs de la Compagnie.

Amsterdam: Jacob de Meurs, 1680

$16,000.00

Folio: 35.5 x 24 cm. 3 ll., 227 pp., 4 ll.; 146 pp., 3 ll. Collation: *4, A-Z4, Aa-Ff4, Gg2, Aaa-Ttt4.

The first French edition of Montanus' important work on Japan, originally published in Dutch as "Gedenkwaerdige gesantschappen" by Meurs at Amsterdam in 1669. 

The Jesuits in Japan: 1549-1641

Montanus' monumental work contains an extensive account of the activities of the Jesuits in Japan, including accounts of the arrival of St.

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Landwehr VOC, 525; Alt-Japan-Kat. 1053; Lach "Asia in The Making of Europe", Vol III, Bk IV, pp. 1873 ff; STC Netherlands 843115939

With the Large Folding Map of Paraguay

PARAGUAY. Muratori, Lodovico Antonio (1672-1750)
Relation des missions du Paraguai, traduite de l'italien de M. Muratori

Paris: chez Bordelet, libraire, rue S. Jacques, vis-à-vis le Collége de Jésuites, à Saint Ignace, 1754

$3,800.00

Octavo: 16.5 x 9.7 cm. [2], XXIV, 402, [4] p., With added map. Collation: π1, a-b8/4, A-Z8/4, Aa-Kk4/8, Ll3 (Lacking final blank.)

Muratori’s book marked an important development in the historiography of Paraguay. Muratori offered a new approach to the subject, distinct from the narratives of the Jesuits, the skeptical approach of the Jansenists, and those writers who filled their accounts with a mixture of adventure and romance.

“Muratori was far from being a propagandist for the Society of Jesus: during the research for his “Cristianesimo felice” he was locked in violent argument with them, and was not allowed to consult any of their archives.

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Sabin 51419; Sommervogel, II, 890 et V, 37. Conlon, Le siècle des lumières, 54:907

A Counterblast to Foxe: Parsons’ Catholic “Book of Martyrs”

Parsons (or Persons), Robert, S.J. (1546-1610)
A treatise of three conuersions of England from paganisme to Christian religion. The first vnder the Apostles, in the first age after Christ: the second vnder Pope Eleutherius and K. Lucius, in the second age. The third, vnder Pope Gregory the Great, and K. Ethelbert in the sixth age; vvith diuers other matters thereunto apperteyning. Diuided into three partes, as appeareth in the next page. The former two whereof are handled in this booke, and dedicated to the Catholikes of England. VVith a nevv addition to the said Catholikes, vpon the nevvs of the late Q. death. and succession of his Maiestie of Scotland, to the crovvne of England. By N.D. author of the VVard-vvord

Saint Omer: Imprinted [by François Bellet] vvith licence, 1603- 1604

$4,500.00

Octavo: 15.2 x 10 cm. 3 vols. (v.1: [72], 658, [32] p.; v.2: [144], 530, [14]; 237, [1] p.; v.3: [116], 465 (recte 475), [21]; 370, [2] p.) Collations: Vol. I: †8, *-3*8, 4*4, A-Z8, Aa-Vv8, Xx2. Vol. II: †-††8, a-g8, A-Z8, Aa-Ll8, A-P8 (P8 blank.) Vol. III: *-7*8, 8*2, A-Z8, Aa-Hh8 (Hh7 and 8 blank); A-Z8, Aa1 (lacking final leaf, presumed blank. Text ends on A1 verso.)

Vol. 2-3 each have title "The third part of a treatise, intituled: of three conuersions of England" (punctuation varies) and imprint date 1604. Each begins with a calendar for half of the year, with Catholic saints on versos and Protestant martyrs (taken from "The book of martyrs" of John Foxe) on rectos, printed in red and black.

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ISTC S114212; STC (2nd ed.), 19416; Allison & Rogers, Engl. Counter-Reformation, II, 638

Printed on Parsons’ Press at Rouen

Parsons, Robert, S.J. (1546-1610)
A Christian directorie guiding men to their saluation. Deuided into three bookes. The first vvherof apperteining to resolution, is only conteined in this volume, deuided into tvvo partes, and set forth novv againe vvith many corrections, and additions by th’authour him self, vvith reprofe of the corrupt and falsified edition of the same booke lately published by M. Edm. Buny. Ther is added also a methode for the vse of al; with two tables, and a preface to the reader, which is necessarie to be reade

[Rouen: Printed at Fr. Parsons’s press], 1585

$6,400.00

Duodecimo (in 8’s and 4’s): 14.5 x 8 cm. 23 leaves, 883, [21] p. Collation: a8(-a1) b4, c8, d4, A-Z8/4, Aa-Zz8/4; Aaa-Ccc8/4, Ddd-Eee8, Fff4

The “Christian Directorie”, a landmark in English recusant literature, is an enlarged version of Parsons’ “Resolution” (published as "The first booke of the Christian exercise" in 1582). Parsons adds four completely new chapters, along with side-notes for addressing the “infinite corruptions, maymes, and manglings” in the Protestant adaptation of the book made by Edmund Bunny.

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Allison and Rogers, English Counter Reformation, II, 618; ESTC S114169; STC (2nd ed.), 19354.1

A 16th c. Compilaton of Important English Recusant Texts

RECUSANTS. JESUITS. Gibbons, John (1544-1589); Fenn, John (1544-1589), editors. Allen, William, Cardinal (1532-1594); Parsons (or Persons), Robert, S.J. (1546-1610); Campion, Edmund, Saint (1540-1581); Elizabeth I, Queen of England (1533-1603)
Concertatio ecclesiae Catholicæ in Anglia adversus Caluinopapistas et Puritanos, a paucis annis singulari studio quorundam hominum doctrina & sanctitate illustrium renouata. Operis totius seriem, eius argumentum post epistolam dedicatoriam edocebit.

Trier: Apud Emondum Hatotum, 1583

$2,800.00

A collection of texts by prominent English Catholics, compiled and edited by John Gibbons and John Fenn (though often erroneously attributed to John Bridgewater.) Among the texts are Edmund Campion's "Rationes Decem", Cardinal William Allen's "Apologia pro sacerdotibus Societatis Iesu", Robert Parsons' "De Persecutione Anglicana", and the anonymous account of the capture, torture, trial, and execution of Edmund Campion and his companions Ralph Sherwin and Alexander Briant.

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Allison & Rogers, English Counter-Reformation, Vol. 1, no. 524; De Backer-Sommervogel, Vol. III, col. 1403, no. 1; Adams G262 and E141; Shaaber G262 and A239; VD16 ZV 22415; Milward, Religious controversies of the Elizabethan age, 251; Haile, Elizabethan Cardinal, 1914, p. 376

Vomiting Lobsters & Other Automata: The Machines of Athanasius Kircher - With the Earliest Published Description of von Guericke's Air Pump - An Exceptional Copy

Schott, Gaspar (1608-1666)
Mechanica Hydraulico-Pneumatica Ad Eminentiss: S.R.I. Principem Joannem Philippum Electorem Mogunt: Auctore. P. Gaspare Schotto. Soc. Jesu.

Wurzburg: Henricus Pigrin for J. G. Schönwetter, 1657

$12,500.00

Quarto: 22 x 18.3 cm. 14 lvs. (lacking half title), 488 pp., [8] lvs.

First and Only Edition of Schott's First Work, With Descriptions of Kircher's Machines and the First account of von Guericke's Vacuum Pump. Illustrated with an engraved title page, 46 full-paged engraved plates of instruments, machines and experiments; 13 pages of printed music, and 77 woodcut illustrations of mechanical devices and instruments.

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STC German S-1246; Norman 1910; Sommervogel VII 940; Baillie, Clocks and Watches ,I p.51; Dibner p.67; Wheeler Gift 142; Eitner IX, 66. Wheeler Gift 142. DSB XII, 210. Dünnhaupt 3

The Diary of Matteo Ricci: The Jesuit Mission in China

Trigault, Nicolas (1577-1628); Ricci, Matteo (1552-1610)
De Christiana Expeditione apud Sinas suscepta ab Societate Iesu ex P. Matthaei Riccii eiusdem Societatis commentariis libri V. Editio recens ab eodem auctore multis in locis aucta et recognita.

Lyon: Sumptibus Horatii Cardon, Ex typographeio Ioannis Iullieron, 1616

$16,000.00

Quarto: 20.2 x 15.4 cm. [16], 628 (i.e. 608), [12] pp. a4, e4, A-Z4, Aa-Zz4, Aaa-Zzz4, Aaaa-Llll. With the final blank leaf and the folding plan both present.

The Jesuits were convinced that they had to understand China in order to win converts. Accordingly, they adopted Chinese names, dress, and language, traveled extensively, and immersed themselves in Chinese language, philosophy, art, and literature. Ricci was the first Western scholar to master Chinese, and he brought Confucian philosophy to the West. At the same time, Ricci brought to China western mathematics, scientific instruments, cartography, and astronomy, in part through his published works in Chinese, thereby ushering in a new era of Chinese understanding of the world.

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Cordier, Sinica 810. De Backer-Sommervogel VIII, 240. Lust 839. Morrison II, 258. Streit V, 2094. J. Gernet, China and the Christian Impact (1985) p. 7. Mungello, Curious Land: Jesuit accommodation and the origins of Sinology, Ch. 2.

The Diary of Matteo Ricci: The Jesuit Mission in China

Trigault, Nicolas (1577-1628); Ricci, Matteo (1552-1610)
De Christiana Expeditione apud Sinas suscepta ab Societate Iesu ex P. Matthaei Riccii eiusdem Societatis co[m]mentariis libri V. Ad S.D.N. Paulum. V. In quibus Sinensis Regni mores, leges atq[ue] instituta & novae illius Ecclesiae difficill[iss]ima primordia accurate & summa fide describuntur. Auctore P. Nicolao Trigautio Belga ex eadem societate.

Augsburg: Christoph. Mangius, 1615

$22,000.00

Quarto: 19.2 x 15.5 cm. a , b , A-4N , [chi] (final leaf blank and present.) With the engraved title page and the folding plan both present.

The Jesuits were convinced that they had to understand China in order to win converts. Accordingly, they adopted Chinese names, dress, and language, traveled extensively, and immersed themselves in Chinese language, philosophy, art, and literature. Ricci was the first Western scholar to master Chinese, and he brought Confucian philosophy to the West. At the same time, Ricci brought to China western mathematics, scientific instruments, cartography, and astronomy, in part through his published works in Chinese, thereby ushering in a new era of Chinese understanding of the world.

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De Backer-Sommervogel VIII, 239, 6; Streit V, 2094; Cordier, Sinica 809; Löwendahl, Sino-Western Relations, Vol. I, p. 29 ff. No. 54; J. Gernet, China and the Christian Impact (1985) p. 7; Mungello, Curious Land: Jesuit accommodation and the origins of Sinology, Ch. 2; ON the provenance stamp, see Lugt, Les Marques de Collections de Dessins & d’Estampes, 3285

One of the First Acts of Indian Resistance Against the Portuguese. Jesuits “Martyred” for Defiling Hindu Temples

Valignano, Alessandro (1539 - 1606)
Relatione della felice morte di cinque religiosi della Compagnia di Giesu, et di alcuni altri secolari ammazzati da Gentili per la fede nell'India Orientale l'anno 1583. Cavata da una del P. Allesandro Valignano Provinciale dell'india per il P. Generale della compagna di Giesu data in Goa alli 28 Dicembre dell'istesso anno.

Rome: appresso Francesco Zanetti, 1584

$4,800.00

Octavo: 14.5 x 9.5 cm. [14] pp. Collation: A8 (lacking the first leaf, blank.)

The extremely rare first Italian edition of this report from India. Streit lists a Latin edition at Goa in 1584 (Streit IV, 1024) but this appears to have been published only in later collections (the 'Littera annua' of 1585, etc.). This is the first of two separately printed 1584 editions, both of which are of extreme rarity, recorded by Streit. The Yale copy also lacks the first blank leaf.

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Streit IV, 1029. De Backer Sommervogel, 8, 404 records only later editions. Very rare. Not in Laures Rare Book Database Project & Virtual Library Part III: European Works on the Early Missions in Japan to be found in Libraries around the World Imprints: 1581-1600, which quotes the edition printed in 1585. Cfr, on 1585 edition (Milan: Poncio): Streit, v. IV, p. 444; Cordier, col. 78; Sommervogel, v. II, col. 1266. EDIT16 71518.

The Jesuit Astronomical Observatory at Beijing. With 105 Double-Page Woodcuts of Astronomical Instruments & the Observatory

Verbiest, Ferdinand, S.J. (1623-1688)
Ling-t’ai I-hsiang t’u or Hsin-chih I-hsiang t’u [trans.: A Newly Made Collection of Astronomical Instruments]

[Beijing: presented to the Emperor 6 March 1674

$750,000.00

Small folio, Two Volumes: 39.5 x 19.9 cm. 106 double-page woodcuts.

First edition, printed by the Jesuits in Beijing, of this magnificent woodcut book depicting the observatory and scientific instruments designed by the Jesuits for the emperor of China. This is a very rare book and one of the greatest masterpieces of Sino-European printing. This is one of only 46 copies known (of which 3 can no longer be located) and is 1 of only 2 copies known to still be in private hands.

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Chapman, Allan, “Tycho Brahe in China: the Jesuit Mission in Peking and the Iconography of European Instrument-making Processes: in Annals of Science, Vol. 41 (1984), pp. 417-43–(gving a detailed technical exposition of the illustrations in this work). Cordier, Sinica, 1451. Golvers, Ferdinand Verbiest, S.J. (1623-1688) and the Chinese Heaven, no. LO 12 in his census. Sommervogel VIII, 575.

A New “Hammer of Witches” for the 17th Century - An Excellent Copy

WITCHCRAFT. Del Rio, Martin Antoine, S.J. (1551-1608)
Disquisitionum Magicarum Libri Sex, Quibus Continentur Accurata Curiosarum Artium et vanarum superstitionum confutatio, utilis Theologis, Jurisconsultis, Medicis, Philologis. Autore Martino Del-Rio Societ. Iesu Presbyt. LL. Licent. et Theol. Doct. olim in Academia Graetcensi, et Salmanticensi, publico S. Script. Professore. Prodit Opus ultimis curis longe accuratius ac castigatius. Superiorum Permissu et Licentia.

Cologne: Sumptibus Hermanni Demen, 1679

$2,900.00

Quarto: 21 x 17.5 cm. [14], 1221 (recte 1107), [48] p. Collation: *4, **4, A-Z4, Aa-Zz4, Aaa-Zzz4, Aaaa-Zzzz4, Aaaaa-Zzzzz4, Aaaaaa-Zzzzzz4, Aaaaaaa-Fffffff4, Ggggggg2

The Jesuit jurist Martín del Rio’s “Disquisitionum Magicarum Libri Sex” (Six Books of Disquisitions on Witches) was written about 1596 and first published in 1599. The book had enormous impact and was consulted and cited for over a century. Much in the book is understandably frightening. Vague guidance is given for determining if a person has made a pact with the devil, and the methods recommended for extracting confessions from accused sorcerers and witches are horrifying.

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Faber du Four 1243. Graesse, Magica et Pneumatica, p. 47. Rosenthal 2903. VD 17 23:250512Y; Palau 268.284; de Backer-Sommervogel II, 1900