Museums & Wunderkammern

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Aldrovandi’s Natural History of Monsters. The First Treatise on Teratology. Bound in Contemporary Pigskin With Clasps

Aldrovandi, Ulisse (1522-1605); Ambrosini, Bartolomeo (1588-1657)
Monstrorum historia cum Paralipomenis historiae omnium animalium.

Bologna: Typis Nicolai Tebaldini, 1642

$25,000.00

Large Folio: 35 x 24.5 cm. Two volumes in one: I. †4 (including engraved t.p.), A-Z6, Aa-Zz6, Aaa-Ppp6, Qqq8, Rrr6, Sss8; II. A-O6 (final signature O has 5 leaves, as in all copies examined. See note at end of description.)

Aldrovandi’s “Monstrorum historia” was the first treatise on teratology, the study of deformities and monsters. The subjects are drawn from across the spectrum of living creatures: animal (humans, other mammals, fishes, insects) and botanical. Aldrovandi also considers celestial monstra, including such portents as comets. There are also descriptions and images of Native Americans “from the island of Florida” and West Indian “cannibals”, as well as the mythical blemmyae or “headless men”, rumored to live in Africa, the West Indies, and other remote parts of the world.

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NISSEN ZBI 74.R. As regards the 5-leaf final signature O in the “Paralipomena”, I have left the quire as “O6” in my collation since it is unclear if there was a cancelland leaf O5, or if final O6 was a blank. Either way, the final quire is consistent with all copies examined.

With an Engraving of Besler’s Wunderkammer & 31 Engraved Plates of Specimens

Besler, Basilius (1561-1629)
Continvatio rariorvm et aspectv dignorvm varii generis quae collegit et svis impensis aeri ad vivvm incidi cvravit atqve evvlgavit

Nuremberg, by the author, [chronogram date] 1622

$28,000.00

Oblong Quarto: 29.2 x 20.5 cm. Contents: Engraved title page, 1 leaf of letterpress, 31 engraved plates. Complete.

Both the Fasciculus and Continuatio are quite rare. For the U.S., OCLC records only 2 copies of the Fasciculus (Harvard and Yale) and only 5 copies of the Continuatio (Chicago Botanic Garden, Linda Hall, Getty, Johns Hopkins, and Philadelphia Academy of Natural Sciences.)

Basil Besler (1561-1629), compiler of the celebrated Hortus Eystettensis, 1613, was a Nuremberg apothecary and one of the first to assemble a natural history Wunderkammer.

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Wellcome 826; Nissen ZBI 345

The Catalogue of Imperato’s Wunderkammer

Imperato, Ferrante (ca. 1550- ca. 1625)
Historia Naturale di Ferrante Imperato Napolitano: nella quale ordinatamente si tratta Della diversa condition di Minere, Pietre pretiose, & altre curiosità: Con varie Historie di Piante, & Animali, sin'hora non date in luce. In questa Seconda Impressione aggiontovi da Gio. Maria Ferro Spetiale alla Sanità, alcune Annotationi alle Piante nel Libro vigesimo ottavo. Dedicata all’Altezza Ser.[enissi]ma Di Giovan Federico Duca di Brunswick, et Lunenburg.

Venice: Presso Combi, & La Noù. 1672

$18,000.00

Folio: 32.5 x 22.5 cm. [8], 696, [8] pp. Collation: *4, A-Z6, Aa-Zz6, Aaa-Mmm6, a4. With an added folding plate.

Ferrante Imperato was, like his contemporary from Verona Francesco Calzolari, an apothecary whose collection of natural history collection and library “constituted a practical work of reference for physicians, pharmacists and botanists”. Among his visitors and correspondents were some of the most important scientists of the day, including Peiresc, Clusius, Aldrovandi, and Bauhin. The folding engraving of the museum interior shows Imperato and his son Francesco leading visitors through the museum, the cabinets of which are packed tight with specimens and books and are surmounted by stuffed birds.

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Hoover 440, Schuh 2384; Sinkankas 3109; Ward & Carozzi 1172

The Illustrated Catalogue of the Natural History

Jacobaeus, Oliger (1650-1701)
Muséum Regium Seu Catalogus Rerum tam naturalium, quàm artificialium, Quæ In Baslilica Bibliothecæ Augustissimi Daniæ Norvegiæq; Monarchæ Christiani Qvinti Hafniæ asservantur, Descriptus Ab Oligero Jacobæo, Me. & Phil. Prof. Regio.

Copenhagen: Joachim Schmetgen, 1696

$16,000.00

Folio: 35 x 23 cm. )(4 [includes the engraved frontispiece], )(4, A-Z4, Aa-Bb4, Cc-Dd2. With 37 added engraved plates.

The Royal Danish Kunstkammer was founded by King Frederick III in 1650 and was continued by his son, Christian V (1646-1699), to whom this book is dedicated. The Kunstkammer existed until 1825 when its collections were dispersed among the many specialized museums created around that time. This catalogue is an invaluable illustrated record of the collections as they stood in the 17th century. The author, the comparative anatomist Oliger Jacobaeus taught philosophy, history, geography and medicine at Copenhagen.

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Balsinger p.141 and 279-80; Brunet III, p. 479; Murray, II, p. 190; Nissen ZBI, 2081; Ward & Carozzi, 1676; Wilson, The History of Mineral Collecting, p. 209, only citing 18 plates. See: “Det Kongelige danske Kunstkammer 1737 = The Royal Danish Kunstkammer 1737”, Bente Gundestrup (Copenhagen: 1991)

A Private 17th c. Museum annexed to Aldrovandi’s Studio, Illustrated with Numerous Woodcuts of Specimens and a folding engraved Frontispiece of the Museum’s Interior. With the FIRST PUBLISHED DESCRIPTION of the Pre-Columbian "Codex Cospi"

Legati, Lorenzo (d. 1675); Cospi, Ferdinando (1606-1683)
Mvseo Cospiano Annesso A Qvello Del Famoso Vlisse Aldrovandi E donato alla sua Patria dall' Illustrissimo Signor Ferdinando Cospi Patrizio Di Bologna E Senatore Cavaliere Commendatore di S. Stefano, Balì d’Arezzo, e March. Di Petriolo, fra Gli Accademici Gelati Il Fedele, e principe al presente de' medesimi. Descrizione Di Lorenzo Legati Cremonese Dottor Filosofo, Medico, e Pubblico Professore delle Lettere Greche in Bologna, Accademica Apatista, e Ansioso. Al Serenissimo Ferdinando III Principe di Toscana

Bologna: Per Giacomo Monti, 1677

$18,000.00

Folio: 32 x 20.8 cm. [24], 532 pp. Collation: †6, ††6, A-Z6, Aa-Vv6, Xx-Yy4. With an added, double-paged plate of the museum

The sole edition of the only illustrated catalogue of the museum of Ferdinando Cospi, annexed in 1657 to the Studio Aldrovandi, the museum and botanical garden of Ulisse Aldrovandi in Bologna. The Cospi museum occupied a large apartment with two annexes in the Palazzo Pubblico, adjacent to the Aldrovandi museum. The detailed catalogue and its illustrations - in particular, the folding frontispiece image of the museum’s interior- serve as an invaluable record of the contents and configuration of the museum prior to the redistribution of both Aldrovandi’s and Cospi’s collections in 1742.

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Cicognara 3403; Nissen, ZBI 2421; Graesse IV, 144; Balsiger, Kunst und Wunderkammern, 1970: 303-9; Cabinets de Curiosités: no. 97; Schlosser, Kunst- und Wunderkammern, 1908: 103-4; Wilson, History of Mineral Collecting, 1994: 40 & 165; Wunderkammer to Museum: no. 25. (Cospi). Cobres I p. 10 n. 4; Murray I p. 89; Nissen ZBI 2421. On the Codex Cospi, see Laura Laurencich Minelli, “A Note on the Mesoamerican Codex Cospi” in Journal de la Société des Américanistes, 1999, Vol 85, issue 85, pp. 375-386

Catalogue of the Museo Moscardo, Profusely Illustrated with Natural History Specimens & Ethnographic artifacts. An Untrimmed Copy with Deckled Edges Throughout

Moscardo, Lodovico (ca. 1596- after 1671); Kircher, Athanasius (1602-1680)
Note Overo Memorie Del Mvseo Del Conte Lodovico Moscardo Nobile Veronese Uno De Padri Nell' Accademia Filarmonica. Dal medesimo descritte in Trè Libri. Nel primo si discorre delle cose anitche; che in detto Museo si ritrovano. Nel secondo delle Pietre, Minerali, e Terre. Nel terzo de Corali, Conchiglie, Animali, Frutti, & altre cose in quello contenute. Furono consacrate, nella prima editione alla Gloriossimo momoria [sic!] Dell'Altezza Serenissima Di Francesco Fv Duca Di Modena E Reggio Con l'aggiunta in questa Seconda Impressione della Seconda parte dello stesso Autore, accresciuta di cose spettanti particolarmente all'antichità, Con l'Indice d'uno gran parte delle sue Medagli, & Pitture, come anco delli ritratti de Prencipi, & altri Illustri huomini, così in arme, come in lettere.

Verona: 1672

$16,500.00

Folio: 31.5 x 22 cm. 2 parts in one volume, continuously paginated. Collation: [π]4 (π1 is the engraved title page), §4, A-Z4 Aa-Pp4, Qq2; Rr-Zz4 AAa-KKk4, LLl-SSs2, VVv-YYy2. Complete.

This is the second, greatly expanded edition of the Veronese Count Lodovico Moscardo’s celebrated museum of natural history specimens, archaeological remains, and ethnographic objects. The engravings and woodcuts illustrate: gems, minerals, rare earths, fossils; plant and animal specimens, including corals and shells; ancient Egyptian, Greek, Roman, Etruscan, and Byzantine sculpture, pottery, metal-work and other ethnographic artifacts.

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Grinke, From Wunderkammer to Museum, 23 (this edition); Balsinger, Kunst und Wunderkammern, pp. 331-42; Cicognara 3412; Dance, Shell Collecting, 39; Freilich Sale Catalog: no. 409; Gatterer, Mineralogischen Literatur, 1798-9: 1, 279; Murray, Museums, 34; Wilson, History of Mineral Collecting, 1994: 40 & 18; ZBI, 2898; Sinkankas, Gemology, 4611; Wilson, The History of Mineral Collecting, p 218; Jahn, The Lying Stones, pp. 165-66

The Single most Valuable contribution to Wunderkammer Studies. The Complete 3 Volume Edition

Valentini, Michael Bernhard (1657-1729)
Museum Museorum, oder vollständige Schau-Bühne aller Materialien und Specereyen, nebst deren natürlichen Beschreibung. Aus andern Material-Kunst- und Naturalien-Kammern, Oost- und West-Indischen Reiss-Beschreibungen.

Frankfurt: heirs of Johann David Zunner and Johann Adam Jungen, 1714

$24,000.00

Folio: 3 volumes in one. 38.5 x 24 cm. With two engraved titles, 95 engraved plates, of which many double-page, 287 engravings, and 5 woodcuts in text. Collation: Vol. I: π1 (half-title), 1 (engraved t.p.), π4, )(4; ) () (2, )( )( )(2, A-Z4, Aa-Zz4, Aaa-Ttt4, **2, A-I4, K2, π2, (A)-(P)4. Vol. II: π1 (half title), 1 (engraved t.p.), π4, )()( 6, A-Z4, Aa4, Bb2, a-o4, p2. Vol. III: π4, [A]-[Z]4, [Aa]-{Ff]4, [Gg]2, *4, **2, a6.

A complete three-volume copy of Valentini’s “Museum of museums”, a comprehensive survey of European Wunder- kunst- und Schatzkammern. “Valentini was the personal physician to the Margrave of Assia and professor of experimental science and medicine at Giessen. His 'Museum Museorum' is the single most valuable contribution to Wunderkammer studies as it reprints many early collection catalogues [many of which are completely unobtainable now] and gives a list of all the museums known to exist at the time (some 159).

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Cobres I p. 106 n. 9; Eales 1259; Ferguson II pp.493-95; Nissen BBI 2035 and ZBI 4217; Alden 714/146.

“The Grand Tour” - The First Printed Guide Book of The Vatican Museums - Printed on Blue Paper

VATICAN MUSEUMS [Clement XIV, Pope (reg. 1769-1774); Pius VI, Pope (reg. 1775-1799)] Massi, Pasquale, da Cesena
Indicazione Antiquaria del Pontificio Museo Pio-Clementino in Vaticano, stesa da Pasquale Mass Cesenate Custode del Museo Stesso/ Catalogue Indicatif des Antiquitès Composant Le Musèe Pie-Clèmentin au Vatican par Paschal Massi de Cesèns Garde du dit Musèe.

Rome: Presso Lazzarini, 1792

$8,400.00

Octavo: 15.5 x 10.8 cm. [4] 216 pp. Collation: [ ]2, a-m8, n12 (the first leaf [ ]1 is a blank and is present)

The Museo Pio-Clementino was the first major curatorial museum within what are known today collectively as the Vatican Museums. In 1771, Pope Clement XIV had Michelangelo Simonetti adapt the Belvedere Pavilion to accommodate the papal collection of ancient art. When Clement’s successor, the avid art collector Pius VI, was elevated to the pontificate in 1775, the pace of acquisition increased dramatically and very soon the collections outgrew the rooms arranged for them by Simonetti.

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Cicognara 3408