January Miscellany

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Charting the Heavens - The Alfonsine Tables -With Manuscript Annotations

ASTRONOMY. Alfonso X, King of Castile and Leon (1221-1284); Ibn Saʿīd (Sid), Isaac (fl. mid-13th c.); Judah ben Moses (fl. mid-13th c.); Santritter, Johannes Lucilius (1460-1498)
Tabule astronomice Diui Alfonsi regis Romanoru[m] et Castelle : nuper [quam] diligentissime cum additionibus emendate.

Venice: Ex officina litteraria Petri Liechtenstein, 1521

$7,200.00

Quarto: 21.5 x 15.8 cm. 120 lvs. Collation: A-C8, D-E4, F-Q8

These astronomical tables, computing the positions of the sun, moon and planets in relation to the fixed stars, are based on the tables calculated by order of Alfonso X, "el Sabio", King of Castile and Leon (1221-1284), which became known as the Alfonsine Tables. This collection was first printed in 1483.

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Edit16 1132; Tomash & Williams A60; USTC 808746. Literature: Dryer, On the Original Form of the Alfonsine Tables, in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 80, p.243-262.

Astrological Medicine & A Theory of Tides

ASTRONOMY. ASTROLOGY. PHYSICS. MEDICINE. Grisogono, Federico [Federik Grisogono Bartolačić](b. Zadar, Dalmatia, Yugoslavia, 1472; d. Zadar, 2 January 1538)
De modo collegiandi: pronosticandi: & curandi febres: necnon de humana felicitate: ac denique de fluxu & refluxu maris: lucubrationes nuperrime in lucem edite.

Venice: Impressum a Joan. Anto. de Sabbio & fratribus, 1528

$12,000.00

Folio: 30 x 21 cm. [56] p. Collation: A-G4

First editions of three works by the Dalmatian physician-scientist Federico Grisogono of Zara, who became professor of mathematics and astrology at Padua in 1499. The works concern: 1. Determining a treatment course for curing fevers with the aid of astrological prognostication. 2. A philosophical treatise on human happiness. 3. An influential theory of tides. The first work includes a full-page iatromathematical instrument, outfitted with three functioning volvelles, for making astrological (and other celestial) observations, medical forecasting, and creating horoscopes.

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Edit16 21833; Sander 1946; Thorndike, History of magic, 5:314-316; USTC 834694

Charting Comets & Renaming the Constellations

ASTRONOMY. COMETS. Weigel, Erhard (1625–1699)
Speculum Uranicum / Aquilae Romanae Sacrum / Das ist / Himels Spiegel / darinnen ausser denen ordentlichen auch die ungewöhnli- chen Erscheinungen des Himmels / mit gebührender Anführungen abgebildet / vornemlich aber 7 der im Gestirne des Adlers / jüngst- hin entstandene Comet / nebst einer neuen Himmels-Charte unter dem Adler des H. Römischen Reiches / dargestellt wird / von Erhardo VVeigelio, ...

Jena: bey Samuel Krebsen, in Verlegung Thomas Matthias Götzen, 1661

$5,800.00

Quarto: 19.8 x 16 cm. [128] p. π1, ):(4, A-M4, a-c4

A rare astronomical work by the astronomer Erhard Weigel, a teacher of Gottfried W. Leibniz. The engraved frontispiece shows a man holding a telescope, standing before the University of Jena, with other astronomical instruments (quadrants, sextants, a globe, etc.

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Zinner p. 582; Poggendorff II, 1283; Kenney 20; Brüning 1061; Pogg. II, 1283; Struve 17; Bircher A1193; FdF 1506-07; not in Hou-zeau-L.; Lit.: Klaus-Dieter Herbst (ed.). Erhard Weigel (1625–1699) und die Wissenschaften. Frankfurt a.M.: Peter Lang 2013

A Bound Collection of 17th c. English Plays

Behn, Aphra (1640-1689); Dryden, John (1631-1700); Shakespeare, William (1564-1616); Davenant [D'Avenant], Sir William (1606–1668), et al.
A collection of 10 17th c. quarto plays, including 3 by Aphra Behn, the first edition of Dryden and D'Avenant's adaptation of Shakespeare's "The Tempest", and George Villiers' satire on Dryden and contemporary drama, "The Rehearsal."

London: various printers, various dates: 1670- 1688

$22,000.00

Quarto: 21.5 x 15.5 cm. 10 works bound as one. (See below for individual collations and descriptions.)

Contents:

1. Dryden, John (1631-1700) 

Marriage A-la-Mode.

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The English “Ship of Fooles”, Illustrated with 116 Large Woodcuts

Brant, Sebastian (1458-1521); Barclay, Alexander (1475?-1552) and Locher, Jacob (1471-1528), translators
Stultifera Navis… The Ship of Fooles, wherin is shewed the folly of all States, with divers other workes adioyned unto the same, very profitable and fruitfull for all men. Translated out of Latin into Englishe by Alexander Barclay, Priest.

London: in Paules Churchyarde by John Cawood printer to the Queenes Maiestie, 1570

$40,000.00

Folio: 28 x 19 cm. ¶6, ¶¶6, A-Z6, Aa-Uu6, Xx4, A-G6, A-D6. [12], 259, [3]; [42]; [24] leaves

Sebastian Brant's celebrated “Ship of Fooles” ("Narrenschiff"), here in the English translation of Alexander Barclay, printed together with the Latin version of the poem by Jacob Locher. The first edition of Barclay’s translation (1509) is unobtainable. In this second edition there are also additional works by Barclay, “The Mirrour of good Maners” and “Certayne Eglogues", which did not appear in the 1509 edition.

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STC 3546; Pforzheimer 41; Langland to Wither, 18; Wilhelmi, Sébastian Brant (Bibliography) 218; Brant ("500e anniversaire" Exhibition catalogue, Basle 1994), 109

Nun, Mystic, Painter

Catherine of Bologna [Caterina de Vigri], Saint (1413-1463)
Il libro della beata Caterina bolognese, dell’ordine del seraphico santo Francesco, quale essa lascio scritto di sua mano.

[Bologna, Pellegrino Bonardo], ca. 1550

$3,500.00

Octavo: 96 p.

Rare edition of "Le Sette armi Spirituali" (The Seven Spiritual Weapons), the chief work of the Italian mystic and artist Saint Catherine of Bologna, the patron saint of painters. 

Catarina de Vigri (1413-1463), founder and abbess of a convent of Poor Clares in Bologna, wrote works of mysticism, visions and devotion, and was a highly accomplished illuminator and painter.

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CNCE 75037 or 10260

With 23 Woodcuts of the Canterbury Pilgrims

Chaucer, Geoffrey (d. 1400)
The Workes of Geffrey Chaucer, newlie printed, with divers addicions, whiche were never in print before: With the siege and destruccion of the worthy Citee of Thebes, compiled by Jhon Lidgate, Monke of Berie. As in the table more plainly doeth appere.

London: John Kyngston for John Wight, 1561

$68,000.00

Folio: 33 x 22 cm. [14], ccclxxviij leaves. Collation: [fleuron]⁴ [Maltese cross]⁶ A⁴, B-V⁶, 2A-2P⁶, ²Q-T⁶, ²V-X⁸, ²Y-Z⁶, 3A-3T⁶, 3V⁸. Leaves 03/4 reversed. Complete.

There were two series of woodcut illustrations used in 15thand 16thc. editions of the "Canterbury Tales": one by William Caxton, used in his 1483 edition, in 1498 by Wynkyn de Worde, and the 1532 and 1542 editions of the "Works". The second set, modeled on Caxton's, was made for Richard Pynson's 1492 edition of the "Tales". For the second Pynson edition (1526), some of the original 1492 blocks were used while others were re-cut on new blocks.

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Pforzheimer 176; ESTC S107206 (STC 5075); Langland to Wither, 42; Literature: E.P. Hammond, Chaucer, p. 119-122; David Carlson, "Woodcut Illustrations of the Canterbury Tales, 1483-1602", The Library, Vol. s6-19, Issue 1 (1 March, 1997), pages 25-67; David Carlson, "Woodcut Illustrations in Early Printed Editions of Chaucer's Canterbury Tales", in Chaucer Illustrated: Five Hundred Years of The Canterbury Tales in Pictures; Joe Dane, "Press-Variants in John Stow's Chaucer (1561) and the Text of Adam Scriveyn" (with Seth Lerer). Transactions of the Cambridge Bibliographical Society 11 (1999): 468-79.

The first academic lectures on chemistry published in England - With a Defense of Newton’s theory of matter

CHEMISTRY. Freind, John (1675-1728)
Chymical Lectures: in which almost all the operations of Chymistry are reduced to their true principles, and the laws of nature. Read in the Museum at Oxford, 1704. Englished by J.M. To which is added, an appendix, containing an account given of this book in the Lipsick Acts...

London: Printed by Philip Gwillim, for Jonah Bowyer, 1712

$4,800.00

Octavo: (xvi), 200 pp.

First English edition of the first academic lectures on chemistry published in England. The author, one of the first writers to identify themselves with Newton's ideas concerning chemical phenomena, was the first holder of the Readership in Chemistry established at Oxford in 1704, and he lectured in the Ashmolean Museum, emphasizing the importance of accurate experimentation.

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See Musson & Robinson, Science and technology in the Industrial Revolution, p. 32. Neville, I, p. 480, with a long note. Partington II, p. 480. This edition not in Cole or Duveen

Observing Kirch's & Newton’s Comet

COMETS. Hagen, Joachim Heinrich
Joachim Heinrich Hagens / eloqv. poes. et mathes. Prof. Publ. / Bemerkung / der jüngsten grossen / Comet - Erscheinungen / auf Hoch= Fürstlichen gnädigsten Befehl / verabfasst und hervorgegeben.

Bayreut(h): Johann Gebhard, im Christ Jahr 1681

$3,600.00

Quarto (200 x 160 mm.) [8], 79 p. Collation: ):(4, A-K4

An extremely rare work on the great comet of 1680 with references to Riccioli, Hevelius, Tycho Brahe, Kepler, Descartes, et al. by a friend and pupil of the mathematician & astronomer Erhard Weigel (1625 – 1699). I have located only 1 copy outside of Germany (at the Adler Planetarium.

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VD17 12:161198H; Brüning 1410; Robinson no. 22; Reiss XXXXVI, 814. KVK: München, Erlangen, Coburg, Heidelberg, Göttingen, Leipzig, Halle; outside Germany exceedingly rare with only one copy at Adler Planetarium.

Observing Newton’s Comet

COMETS. Lips(en), Friedrich Gustav
Ohnvorgreiffliche Gedancken / über den im Monath Novemb(er). und Decemb(er). An(no). 1680. /und 1681. im Jenner erschienenen/ Cometen / nebenst vier erörterten Fragen über das Vorgestellte / Bedencken von Cometen; / zum andernmahl vermehrter herauß gegeben von / Friedrich Lipsen/ des Rotenburg. / Gymnasii Rectore.

Rotenburg ob der Tauber: druckts und verlegts Friedrich Gustav Lipß, 1681

$3,250.00

Quarto (204 x 163 mm) [8] p.

Exceedingly rare, revised and expanded edition of a pamphlet on the comet of 1680 and 1681, known variously as the Great Comet, Kirch's comet (after its discoverer), or Newton's Comet. The author, Friedrich Gustav Lips of Crailsheimwas director of the imperial gymnasium at Rothenburg ob der Tauber from 1666-1683.

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VD17 12: 641538V; Brüning 1318 (1680 ed.); Houzeau - Lancaster 5770; Robinson no. 33; Z&K XXXI, 851; KVK: Erlangen, München; OCLC: only NYPL; COPAC: only National Library Scotland.

Observation & Prognostication - The Comet of 1664

COMETS. Richter, Johann (i.e. Praetorius, Johann) (1630-1680)
Meridionalis Nuncius, Das ist Ein Wunderseltzamer Südischer Crinit= oder Comet= Stern / Welchen der Allmächtige und Getreue Gott im Reste des 1664. Jahrs nach Christi Geburt / vom Außgange Novembris biß in den Decembrem weit hinein / an Himmel gegen Mittage / nach Mitternacht in denen Morgen-Stunden / der untern Welt zur Warnung und Erleuchtung / angebrandt und hernieder gehänget hat: wie solcher von etlichen Jahren … vom Herrn D. Tackio und Barth. Schimpfero &c zuvor verkündiget / und prognosticiret worden: nebst einem astrologischen und cabbalistischen judicio so wohl jenes südischen / als des allerneuesten Nordischen Cometens illustriret / Von Johanne Richtern / Astrophilo.

Leipzig: bey Christian Kirchner, 1664 or 1665

$3,500.00

Quarto: (195 x 160 mm) [32] p. (last page blank). Collation: A-D4.

First edition of this work on the comet of 1664 with a detailed description of the path of the comet. The author is Johannes Praetorius (i.e., Hans Schultze 1630-1680), here writing under the pseudonym of Johannes Richter “astrophilus"(star-lover).

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Dünnhaupt 18; Kat. Wolfenbüttel A 3163 (Pseudonym left unresolved); VD17 3:011703A (likewise without resolving the psudonym); Bircher A1148; Brüning 1092 (under Praetorius); Rosenthal 3623; Houzeau-L. 5737; Gundel, Naive 95

Crashaw’s English Poems

Crashaw, Richard (1612-1649)
Steps to the Temple, The Delights of the Muses and Carmen Deo Nostro. By Ric. Crashaw, sometimes Fellow of Pembroke Hall, and late fellow of St Peters Colledge in Cambridge. The 2nd Edition.

London: In the Savoy, Printed by T.N. for Henry Herringman at the Blew Anchor in the Lower Walk of the New Exchange. 1670

$7,500.00

Octavo: [16], 112, 115-208, [2] p., [1] leaf of plates. Collation: A-O8 (O8 blank and present.) With an added, engraved frontispiece of the temple.

Along with Donne, Herbert and Marvell, Crashaw was one of the most important of the Metaphysical poets. "Compared with one another, Crashaw represents more of Donne's ecstasy, and Herbert more of his reason" (George Williamson). The son of a Puritan clergyman who eventually converted to Catholicism, Crashaw is best known for the intensity of his religious poetry.

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Wing C 6838; Grollier, Wither to Prior # 234

The Left Hand as Calendar - "The Beautiful Almanac that God and Nature has Given us"

Engalfred, Manauld
Le manuel calendier, par lequel est facile savoir le lieu & discours du soleil & de la lune, ensemble les festes fixes ou mobiles, en leglise Romaine celebree

Lyon: Jean de Tournes, 1548

$6,800.00

Octavo: 16.3 x 10.3 cm. 55 p. Collation: A-C8, D4

Manauld Engalfred may be an anagram for "André Ugel, Flamand", though nothing is known of either person. The book describes a perpetual calendar using the fingers and joints of the left hand ("le beau Almanac que Dieu & Nature nous ha donné dens nostre main gauche") (A3r)

There is no ability to calculate with this technique; it serves only as an aide- memoir for the user.

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Tomash & Williams E11; Cartier, de Tournes, 121; FB 18217; Mortimer, Harvard French, 199; USTC 8268

An Extremely Rare Florentine Military Spectacular

FESTIVALS. Parigi, Giulio (1571-1635)
Relazione d'uno spettacolo militare fatto in un prato del Palazzo de' Pitti. All'illustrissimo et eccellentissimo Signor Paolo Giordano Orsino, Principe di Bracciano.

Florence: Volcmar Timan, 1606

$4,900.00

Quarto: [16] pp. With an added, folding engraved plate.

This account is signed by the famous architect and set designer Giulio Parigi, creator of the ephemeral décor for numerous parades, jousts, tournaments, theatrical performances, and parties. The spectacle described was staged by Grand Duke Cosimo II de' Medici (1590-1621) in honor of the visiting dignitary Paolo Giordano II Orsini, Duke of Bracciano (1591-1656), famous patron of the arts.

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Ruggieri, Catalogue des Livres rares et précieux composant la Bibliothèque de M. E.F.D. Ruggieri, 758 (describing a copy without the folding plate). Moreni, Medici, pp. 247-48

The Phoenix Rises from the Ashes – A Rare Account of A Baroque Roman Festival - No Copies in North America

FESTIVALS. ROME. Mottman, Cornelius Hendrik (17th c.)
Relatione delle feste e fuochi artificiati fatti in segno d'allegrezza per l'Elettione e Coronatione della Maestà del Re dei Romani seguita nella persona di Ferdinando III Re di Ungheria e di Boemia.

Rome: Lodovico Grignani, 1637

$8,500.00

Quarto: [8] p. With 3 full-page engraved plates (1 folding.)

An extremely rare account of the celebrations (complete with fireworks) held at Rome in celebration of the coronation of Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor (1 Feb., 1637). The three large (unsigned) plates show the monumental sets and macchinedesigned and built for the theatrical and pyrotechnic displays.

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Maurizio Fagiolo dell'Arco, 'La festa barocca', Corpus delle feste a Roma 1, Rome, 1997, pp. 295-6); Fagiolo dell'Arco and S. Carandini, 'L'effimero barocco: strutture della festa nella Roma del '600', 2 volumes, Rome, 1977-8, i, pp. 97-8). See Mark McDonald, The print collection of Cassiano dal Pozzo: ceremonies, costumes, portraits and genre. Part C.I of The paper museum of Cassiano Dal Pozzo: a catalogue raisonné (3 volumes, Royal Collection Trust 2017)

Fine’s Astronomical & Mathematical Magnum Opus

Finé, Oronce (1494-1555)
Protomathesis opus uarium, ac scitu non minus utile quàm iucundum, nunc primùm in lucem foeliciter emissum: cuius index uniuersalis, in uersa pagina continetur.

Paris: Impensis Gerardi Morrhij & Ioannis Petri, 1532

$35,000.00

Large Folio: 33.5 x 24 cm. Collation: AA8, A-L6, M-N6, O-Z8, Aa-Bb8, Cc6, Dd8 (including both blanks, F8 and N6.) Complete.

The “Protomathesis”, a universally acclaimed monument of book production and design, is profusely illustrated.The book is introduced by a fine architectural title page border with a lunette of Hercules defeating the Lernean Hydra. This is followed by the well-known full-page image of the goddess of astronomy, Urania, lecturing Finé, who holds a book and an astrolabe, beneath a spherical model of the solar system.

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Hoover 312, Lalande, p. 50; Smith, Rara Arithmetica, pp. 160-61; Stillwell, The Awakening Interest in Science during the First Century of Printing, 838

Henry VIII's "Assertion of the Seven Sacraments against Martin Luther"

Henry VIII, King (1491-1547)
Assertio septem sacramentorum adversus Martinum Lutherum

Lyon: Guillaume Rouillé, 1561

$6,500.00

Quarto: 21 x 15.5 cm. xxxxvj, 195, [1] p. Collation: bb-nn, a-z, A4, B2

Written in 1521 in response to Martin Luther’s “The Babylonian Captivity of the Church” -the reformer’s radical exposition of the Protestant faith and attack on the papacy- Henry VIII’s “Defense of the Seven Sacraments” won for its author the coveted title of “Defensor Fidei” (Defender of the Faith) from Pope Leo X. Coming as it did from such a powerful Christian prince, Luther was forced to respond to Henry’s work, which he did with more than his usual severity, insulting the king and challenging his theological points.

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Adams H 250

The First Printed Illustrations of the Constellations

Hyginus, Caius Julius (fl. 2nd century)
Poeticon astronomicon. Edited by Jacobus Sentinus and Johannes Lucilius Santritter.

Venice: Erhard Ratdolt, 14 October, 1482

$35,000.00

Quarto: 19 x 14 cm. Collation: a-f8 g10 (a1 blank, a2r dedication to M. Fabius [Quintilianus?], a3r text, g9r commendatory poem by Jacobus Sentinus, g10r poem and verse colophon by Johannes Santritter, g10v blank). 58 leaves. 31 lines.

The “Poeticon Astronomicon” (more correctly, the “Astronomica”) is an ancient Roman work on the constellations chiefly based on the work of the Greek scientist Eratosthenes (3rdc. B.C.). The work was traditionally attributed to the first century writer C.

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BMC V, 286; BSB-Ink H-459; CIBN H-334; Essling 285; Goff H-560; HC 9062*; Hind II, p. 462; IGI 4959; Klebs 527.2; Pollard/Perrins 31; Redgrave 30; Sander 3472

The Society's First Crisis - The Second Edition of the Spiritual Exercises – Published in Ignatius' Lifetime

Ignatius, of Loyola, Saint (1491-1556)
Exercitia spiritvalia.

Coimbra: João de Barreira, 1553

$35,000.00

Sextodecimo: [1], 2-238, [1] pp. Collation: A-P8. With the woodcut Jesuit emblem on the title page.

A fine copy of the extremely rare second edition of the "Spiritual Exercises", printed at Coimbra for the use of the Jesuits of Portugal. This significant edition was printed at the time of the Society's first crisis, when six years of disturbances in the Order's Portuguese province resulted in the removal of Simâo Rodrigues as provincial, an examination of all Portuguese Jesuits by the Miguel de Torres (whom Ignatius had sent as visitor), the promulgation by Jerónimo Nadal of the newly composed Constitutions, and the publication of Ignatius' famous "Letter on Obedience.

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De Backer-Sommervogel, Bibliothèque de la Compagnie de Jésus, Vol. V, col. 61; Simões 380; Cat. Res. Coimbra 1278; D. Manuel 78; Anselmo 123

Printed by Oxford's Second Printer

INCUNABULA. ENGLAND. Lathbury [Lathbery], John (d.1362)
Liber moralium super threnis Ieremiae

[Oxford: Theodoric Rood], 31 July 1482

$165,000.00

Chancery folio: 29 x 20.7 cm. 290 lvs. unnumbered (of 292, lacking 2 of the 3 blanks). Signatures: a-z⁸ A-I⁸ kk⁸ L-M⁸ N-O⁶ . Lacks blanks a1 and L8. Blank O6 present.

Books printed by Rood are extremely rare. The printer is represented in North America by 10 complete volumes, comprising 3 copies of this title (Folger, Morgan, Brown) [a 4thcopy, at Yale Center for British Art, lacks two text leaves], 1 copy (Morgan) of RichardusRolle de Hampole's "Explanationes in Job" (ISTC ir00305000), and 6 copies (Harvard, Princeton, Morgan, Newberry, UC Law, Yale) of Lyndewode's "Constitutiones provinciales ecclesiae Anglicanae" (ISTC il00413000.

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ISTC il00075000; HC (+Add) 9928; GW M17160; BMC XI 236; Bod-inc L-043; Goff L-75; not in BSB. For the Yale copy, see Grolier Club. Fifty-five books printed before 1525 (1968), 38; Madan, F. Early Oxford Press, pages 2-3, 255-256; Madan, F. Oxford books, 9, (10)