Luther & the Protestant Reformation

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A Fine, Large 13th c. "Proto" Paris Bible

BIBLE MANUSCRIPT, with prologues and the Interpretations of Hebrew Names
Decorated manuscript on vellum, in Latin

France (Paris?), early 13th century

$175,000.00

Contents: The books of the Bible and prologues are very close to the standard Paris sequence (f.1), omitting Psalms, and with a capitula list for Genesis; the Interpretations of Hebrew Names in the version from Aaz to Zuzim (f.167), alphabetised to the first two letters; preceded by added notes on the four types of biblical exposition (historical, tropological, anagogical, typological) and the seven rules of theology (f.

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Absolving Sin & Liberating Souls from Purgatory - The Jubilee Bull of 1525

Clement VII, Pope [Giulio di Giuliano de' Medici] (1478-1534)
Bolla di papa Clemente VII nella quale se denota a tutti li fideli Christiani come il di de la vigilia della Natività di N.S. Iesu Christo sua Santità anderà alla Basilica di San Pietro, & aprira con le proprie mani la porta che suole esserre aperta l'anno del Iubileo…

Rome: [Francesco Minzio Calvo], 1524

$4,800.00

Quarto: 20 x 13.5 cm. [8] pp.

An extremely rare vernacular printing of the papal bull "Inter sollecitudines et coram nobis" proclaiming the Jubilee of 1525. I have located only one other copy, at the Vatican (CNCE 52022). The Latin edition is also quite rare.

Proclaimed by the Medici Pope Clement VII (reg.

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Edit 16 CNCE 52022 (only one copy). The title of the Latin edition reads: "Bulla Clementis VII. Qui nunciat omnibus Christifidelibus, se in primis Vesperis Vigiliae Nat. D. J. C. accessurum ad Basilicam Beati Petri, aperturumque propriis minibus portam Anno Jubilei aperire solitam".

A Serious Indictment of Theologians and Churchmen. A Fine Copy of Erasmus’ “Praise of Folly”, Printed by Froben

Erasmus, Desiderius (ca. 1466-1536)
Moriae Encomium nunc postremum ab ipso autore religiose recognitu[m] una cum alijs aliquot libellis, no[n] minus eruditis quam amoenis, quorum omniu[m] titulos proxima pagella loquetur.

Basel: Apud Io[hannem] Frob[enium], 1522

$8,500.00

Octavo: 17 x 11.5 cm. 408, [16] pp. Collation: a-z8, A-B8, C4, D8

“The Praise of Folly has long been famous as the best-known work of the greatest of the Renaissance humanists, Erasmus of Rotterdam. It is a fantasy that starts off as a learned frivolity but turns into a full-scale ironic encomium after the manner of the Greek satirist Lucian, the first and in its way the finest example of a new form of Renaissance satire. It ends with a straightforward and touching statement of the Christian ideals that Erasmus shared notably with his English friends John Colet and Thomas More.

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Van der Haeghen, Bibliotheca Erasmiana, ser. 1, p. 123; Bezzel, Erasmus, 1313; Adams E396

The Rare 1524 Paris “Praise of Folly”

Erasmus, Desiderius (ca. 1466-1536)
Moriae encomium D. Erasmi Roterodami cu[m] Gerardi Listrii trium linguarum periti commentariis. Praemittuntur Ludus L. Annei Senec[ae], de morte Claudii, cu[m] scholiis Beati Rhenani. Synesius Cyrenen[sis] de Laudibus caluitii. Adduntur Martini Dorpii theologi ad Erasmum epistola et Erasmi ad eandem responsio apologetica.

Paris: Jodocus Badius Ascensius, 1524

$8,500.00

Quarto: 19.8 x 14.5 cm. CXX leaves. Collation: a-p8

The rare 1524 Parisian “Praise of Folly”, printed by Erasmus’ friend, the scholar-printer Badius Ascensius, who printed the fourth edition in 1512. This edition differs markedly from the 1512 edition and contains all of the supplementary texts found in the Froben editions, including the dedicatory letter to Thomas More, whose name Erasmus plays upon cleverly in the title of the work; and the letter to Martin Dorp in which Erasmus explains his motives for writing the “Moria”: “My aim in the ‘Folly’ was exactly the same as in my other works.

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Vander Haeghen I, 123; Kossmann 979; Bibl. Belgica E 866; (Not in Bezzel, De Reuck, or BM STC French); Renouard, Badius II, 424; Adams E 397. Inventaire chronologique des editions Parisiennes du XVIe siecle III, no. 669; Renouard, Imprimeurs Parisiens du XVIe siècle II, no. 539

“Friends hold all things in common”

Erasmus, Desiderius (ca. 1466-1536)
Chiliades Adagiorvm: Opvs Integrum Et Perfectum D. Erasmi Roterodami, locupletatum & recognitum, quem admodum in extremis conatibus autori uisum est ; Acceßit indicibus antiquis in hac impreßione nouus & tertius ...

Cologne: Ex officina Ioannis Gymnici, 1540

$6,500.00

Folio: 31.2 x 20 cm. [88], 3-874, [1] pp. A-d6, e8, f-g6, A-Z6, Aa-Zz6, Aaa-Zzz6, Aaaa-Dddd6 (last leaf is blank.)

A very rare Cologne edition of Erasmus’ beloved and extraordinarily influential “Adages”, first conceived as a collection of proverbial sayings drawn from the Latin authors of antiquity elucidated for the use of those who aspired to write an elegant Latin style. In its first incarnation, the “Adagia” consisted of about eight hundred proverbs. The present version, Erasmus' "Adagia Chiliades" (“Thousands of Adages”) is more than just a vastly expanded edition of that first enterprise: "

A glance at its composition reveals that the ‘Adagia Chiliades’ was in fact -as well as in name- a new book, and that Greek scholarship was largely responsible for the difference.

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Van der Haeghen I, 4; Bezzel, 83; VD16 E 1944

The longest and most detailed of Erasmus’ anti-Lutheran writings. The Rare First Edition

Erasmus, Desiderius (ca. 1466-1536)
Hyperaspistae liber secundus, adversus librum Martini Lutheri, cui titulum fecit, Servum arbitrium.

Basel: Joannes Froben, 1527

$8,500.00

Octavo: 17 x 11.6 cm. 575 pp. Collation: A-Z8, a-n8

This is the extremely rare first edition of Erasmus’ second response to Luther’s “De Servo Arbitrio” (On the Enslaved Will):

In December 1525 Erasmus had published “De Libero Arbitrio” (On Free Will), setting of a debate with Martin Luther, who responded to Erasmus with his own “De Servo Arbitrio” (On the Enslaved Will). Erasmus responded in turn with his “Hyperaspistes I” and, a year later, the present work, “Hyperaspistes II.

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VD 16, E 3033; Bezzel 1122; Vander Haeghen I, 110

The 1515 Froben “Praise of Folly”

Erasmus, Desiderius (ca. 1466-1536): Piccolomini, Aeneas Sylvius (Pope Pius II) (1405-1464); Wimpfeling, Jakob (1450-1528): Lactantius, Lucius Caecilius Firmianus (ca. 240 – ca. 320): Lactantius, Lucius Caecilius Firmianus (ca. 240 – ca. 320)
[Bound with:] Piccolomini, Aeneas Sylvius (Pope Pius II) (1405-1464); Wimpfeling, Jakob (1450-1528) Germania Enee Silvii: in qua candide lector continentur : gravamina germanice nationis : confutatio eorundem cum replicis ; de concilio Constantiensi & Basiliensi ; describuntur hic urbes, civitates, ecclesie, episcopatus, abbacie, principatus & principatus & nobilissime familie Germanorum… De concordatis principum. De officio pape & suis officialibus. De veritate Christiane religionis Strasbourg: Excusum per Renatu[m] Beck in aedibus zum Thiergarten, 21 June 1515 [Bound with:] Lactantius, Lucius Caecilius Firmianus (ca. 240 – ca. 320) Lepida Lactantij Firmiani opera accurate græco adiuncto castigata: Eiusdem Nephytomon: Carmina de Phoenice. & Christi Resurrectione. Io. Chry. de Eucharistia sermo. Lau. Val. sermo. Phil. ad theo. Adhortatio. Paris: Jean Petit, In vico Sancti Iacobi, 1513

Basel: and Strasbourg: and Paris: Io. Froben, and Excusum per Renatu[m] Beck in aedibus zum Thiergarten, and Jean Petit, In vico Sancti Iacobi, 1515 and 1515 and 1513

$20,500.00

Large Quarto: 3 works bound in one volume: I. Piccolomini: i-iv, A-B4, C8, D-E4, F8, G-H4, I8, K-L4, M8, N-O4, P6. II. Lactantius: A6, B4, a-z8/4, A-D8/4, E6, F-N8/4, O6, P4. III. “Praise of Folly”: a-h4, a-z4, A-B4, C6

This edition includes the original dedicatory letter to Thomas More, whose name Erasmus plays upon cleverly in the title of the work; and the letter to Martin Dorp in which Erasmus explains his motives for writing the “Moria”: “My aim in the ‘Folly’ was exactly the same as in my other works. Only the presentation was different. In the ‘Enchiridion’ I simply outlined the pattern of a Christian life.

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I. “Germania”: BM STC German p. 701 = Proctor 10307. Not in Adams. Panzer VI.75.410. Ritter 1878. Muller, Bibliographie Strasbourgeoise II, 228 no. 26. Schmidt (Beck) 21. II. Lactantius: Adams L-14; BSB-Ink L-13; HC 9819; Moreau, Inventaire chronologique II 637. III. “Praise of Folly”: Vander Haeghen I, 122; Kossmann 967; Bezzel 1304; Not in De Reuck; BM STC German p. 282; Adams E 392; VD, 16E 3184

“My yoke is sweet and my burden light.” A Vernacular Translation of Erasmus’ Annotation on Mathew 11:29-30

Erasmus, Desiderius (ca.1466-1536)
Herr Erasmus von Ro||terdam/ verteutschte außlegung/|| über das/ go[e]ttlich tro[e]stlich wort || vnsers lieben Herrñ vnnd selig=||machers Christi/ Nement auff || euch mein Joch/ vnd ler=||nent von mir.

[Mainz: Johann Schöffer], 1521

$5,200.00

Quarto: [8] pp. Collation: AA4

A German translation of Erasmus’ annotation on Mathew 11:29 (taken from his “In Novum Testamentum annotationes”) in which Erasmus differentiates between the divine order and human positive law. He laments that people ignore the commands of God and follow human law instead: ‘Christ’s law is inviting and easy, but it becomes onerous and difficult through the addition of human prescriptions and dogmas.

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Bezzel 1228; VD16 E 3106

A Painter turned Pamphleteer

Greiffenberger, Hans (fl. 1524)
Ein trostliche ermanung den angefocht(e)n gewissen vo(n) wegen gethoner sünd, wye un(d) wamitt Sye getröst werdenn, den Sathan, sich nit erschrecken lassenn.

Augsburg: M. Ramminger, 1524

$4,800.00

Quarto: 20.5 x 15.5 cm. [12] p. Collation: A6

Hans Greiffenberger was a Nuremberg painter who ran afoul of the authorities for both his art and for his subversive religious activism. In October 1524 he was investigated on the charge of creating an unsuitable and offensive painting and "because he seduces the people to a new sect." The artwork was described as "a shameful painting that he made against papal sanctity."

While he lacked the literary skills of Hans Sachs, Greiffenberger's works had a similar immediacy.

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VD 16, G 3155; Kuczynski 939

Henry VIII's "Assertion of the Seven Sacraments against Martin Luther"

Henry VIII, King (1491-1547)
Assertio septem sacramentorum adversus Martinum Lutherum

Lyon: Guillaume Rouillé, 1561

$6,500.00

Quarto: 21 x 15.5 cm. xxxxvj, 195, [1] p. Collation: bb-nn, a-z, A4, B2

Written in 1521 in response to Martin Luther’s “The Babylonian Captivity of the Church” -the reformer’s radical exposition of the Protestant faith and attack on the papacy- Henry VIII’s “Defense of the Seven Sacraments” won for its author the coveted title of “Defensor Fidei” (Defender of the Faith) from Pope Leo X. Coming as it did from such a powerful Christian prince, Luther was forced to respond to Henry’s work, which he did with more than his usual severity, insulting the king and challenging his theological points.

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Adams H 250

“We Demand that the Doctrine we Confess be properly Heard and Tested against Holy Scripture.” Henry VIII Defies Pope Paul III

Henry VIII, King of England (1491-1547)
Schrifft, an Keiserliche Maiestat, an alle andere Christliche K'nige und Potentaten, inn welcher der k'nig ursach anzeigt, warumb er gen Vincentz zum Concilio (welchs mit falschen titel, general genent) nich komen sey, Und wie fehrlich auch den andern allen sey, welche das Evangelium Christi angenomen, de zu erscheinen, Aus dem Latin verdeudtscht durch Justum Jonam.

Wittenberg: Joseph Klug, 1539

$4,800.00

Quarto: 19 x 14.5 cm. 10 leaves. A4, B2, C4 (with the final blank leaf present)

This is Justus Jonas' (1493-1555) German translation of Henry VIII's account of why he did not attend the Council of Vicenza. The first edition, " Ad Carolum Cesarem Augustum epistola" was published at London in 1538. An English translation followed soon after. This is an extremely rare work in any edition. Only a single copy of the English edition is held in the United States (Folger).

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Schrodt & Vogelstein 95; Kuczynski 1000; Pegg 1353; Schaaber 160

"Nobody" dares to criticize the luxury of the priests and the idle life of the Pope.

Hutten, Ulrich von (1488-1523); Weiditz, Hans (1495- ca. 1536), artist.
Outis. Nemo

Augsburg: Johann Miller, 9 September, 1518

$9,500.00

Quarto: 20 x 15.5 cm. [24] pp. Collation: A-C4

First printing of Hutten's second "Nemo", a substantially re-worked and enlarged version of the 1516 original. This edition has been augmented by 60 verses, mainly on political subjects, an introduction dedicated to Johannes Crotus Rubianus (1480-1545) and a letter to Julius von Pflug (1499-1564). It also marks the first appearance of the celebrated woodcut title page (described in detail below.

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Benzing, Hutten 62; Fairfax-Murray 211; Musper, "Petrarka Master" L7; Roettinger 7; Adams H 1237; BM STC German, p. 427; VD 16; H 6384; Worst Brock, German humanism 1480-1520 (2009), p 1200 f., No. 10.2; Röttinger, Weiditz, 7; Fairfax Murray 211; Richard C. Kessler Reformation Collection I, 114

Selling your Scholarly Soul for the Vices of Court Life

Hutten, Ulrich von (1488-1523)
Aula. Dialogus.

Augsburg: S. Grimm and M. Wirsung, 26 March 1519

$4,800.00

Quarto: 20 x 15.5 cm. [23] ff. A-E4, F4 (lacking final blank leaf F4)

Hutten’s famous satire on courtly life. It is dedicated to Heinrich Stromer von Auerbach, court physician of the Mainz Elector. At the end is a verse “Prognosticon ad annum. M.D.XVI. ad Leonem .X. Pont. Max.” (Hutten’s warning that if Leo X engaged in war with the Emperor Maximilian, Italy would be destroyed) and a publisher’s advertisement of Hutten’s “Ebrietatis laus” (in praise of drunkenness.

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VD-16 H-6299. Benzing (Hutten) 75. STC German (BL) 426. Not in Adams

A Dominican Preacher in 13th c. Iraq

ISLAM. Montecroce, Riccoldo da (ca. 1243-1320): Luther, Martin, (1483-1546)
Verlegung des Alcoran Bruder Richardi, Prediger Ordens, Anno 1300

Wittenberg: Durch Hans Lufft, 1542

$7,500.00

This is the first edition of Luther's German translation of a Latin translation by Bartholomaeus de Monte Arduo that Arduo made from the Greek translation by Demetrius Cydones of the Latin original by Riccoldo da Montecroce.

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VD 16; R 2331; Benzing, J. Lutherbibliographie, 3404; Luther, J. Titeleinfassungen der Reformationszeit, 39. Literature: John Tolan, Looking East before 1453, in Cultural Encounters Between East and West, 1453-1699, edited by Matthew Birchwood, Matthew Dimmock,p. 21 ff.

Counteracting Karlstadt's Radical Reformation

Luther Luther, Martin (1483-1546)
Acht Sermon geprediget zu Wittemberg in der fasten, Darinn kurtzlich begryffen, vo(n) den Messen, Byldnussen, bayderlay gestalt des Sacraments, von de(n) speysen un(d) haimlichen beicht etc.

Wittemberg [Augsburg, Heinrich Steiner], 1523

$6,900.00

Quarto: 20.5 x 15.5 cm. [32] p. A-D4

The “Eight Sermons by Dr. M. Luther, preached by him at Wittenberg in Lent, dealing briefly with the masses, images, both kinds in the sacrament, eating [of meats], and private confession, etc.” document Luther's efforts to counteract the chaos in Wittenberg that had been caused by Karlstadt, who had instituted radical reforms while Luther was in hiding at the Wartburg.

"In December, 1521, Luther returned secretly to Wittenberg from the Wartburg for a three day conference on how to meet the turbulence and confusion caused by the radical reformers.

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VD 16, L 3632. - Benzing 50. - Pegg 1768. For the border: Pflugk-Hartung 23

Luther's Final Refutation of Tetzel

Luther, Martin (1483-1546)
Ein freyheyt des Sermons Bebstlichen ablaß und gnad belangend. wider die vorlegu(n)g. So zu schmach sein und desselben Sermons erdichtet.

[Nuremberg: Johann Gutknecht,] 1518

$9,500.00

Quarto: 21 x 15.5 cm. 8 lvs. A-B4 (B4 blank)

In March 1518 Luther published his "Sermon on Indulgences and Grace", in which he distilled his 95 Theses into a concise and comprehensive statement in German. John Tetzel responded with a series of 50 counter-theses. And in turn Luther responded with the present text.

"The theological debates sparked by Martin Luther’s posting of ninety-five theses on a church door in Wittenberg 1517 picked up new strength in 1518.

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Benzing 188; VD 16, L 4745; Knaake I, 52; Jackson 708

The Immaculate Virgin

Luther, Martin (1483-1546)
Ayn Sermon am tag unser Frawen Liechtmeß gethon zuo Witemberg durch Doctor Marthin Luther. Im Jar MDXXIII.

Augsburg: Melchior Ramminger, 1523

$4,500.00

Quarto: 20 x 15 cm. [8] pp. Collation A4

A sermon for Lichtmeß (Candlemas), the feast of the presentation of the infant Jesus in the temple and the purification of Mary (February 2). Jesus takes as his text Luke 2:22-39.

For the complexities of Luther’s evolving Mariology, see Thomas O'Meara, Mary in Protestant and Catholic Theology (1966). “Luther's attitude toward the theology of Mary and toward the devotion which a Christian should have to the Mother of God is a small-scale representation of his entire religious accomplishment.

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Benzing 1746; VD16 L-6084

Written While in Hiding at the Wartburg

Luther, Martin (1483-1546)
Deütsche außlegung des siebenundsechtzigsten Psalmen: von dem Ostertag: Himelfart und Pfingsten.

Augsburg: Sylvan Otmar, 1521

$3,200.00

Quarto: 19.8 x 15.6 cm. [36] pp. A-C4, D6

“The first task Luther undertook at the Wartburg (his “Patmos”), after only a few days, was to write ‘Psalm 67 (68): About Easter, Ascension, and Pentecost.” This psalm had its special place in the Augustinians’ mass liturgy and at Matins between Ascension and Pentecost, again an indication of how Luther was still living in the accustomed liturgy. The exposition gave a contemporary interpretation of the struggle between God and his enemies.

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Benzing 940

The Antichrist Usurps the Name of the Church

Luther, Martin (1483-1546)
Ad Librum Eximii Magistri Nostri Ambrosii Catharini Defensoris Silvestri Prieratis Acerrimi Responsio Martini Lutheri. Wittembergae, Mense Aprili. Cum exposita Visione Danielis, viii. De Antichristo.

Wittenberg: [Melchoir Lotter], 1521

$4,500.00

Quarto: 21 x 15.5 cm. a-r4 (lacking final blank leaf r4) 115 pp.

Luther's response to Ambrosius Catharinus Politus' (1487-1552) "Defense of the True Catholic and Apostolic Faith and Doctrine against the Disease-spreading Dogma of Martin Luther" (Florence, 1520). In his defense of papal supremacy, Catharinus also defends the opinions of Sylvester Mazolinus de Prierio (Prierius, d. 1523), Pope Leo X's theologian and the first man to censor Luther's works.

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Benzing 880; Adams L 1841; Kessler # 271; BM STC German p. 540; Pegg, Bibliotheca 911; VD 16, l 3706; Schrodt & Vogelstein 163; Kuczynski 1417

Against the Radical Preacher Thomas Münzer. Luther warns of Open Rebellion on the Eve of the Peasants’ War

Luther, Martin (1483-1546)
Eyn Brieff an die Fürsten zu Sachsen von dem auffrurischen Geyst. Wittenberg

Wittenberg: Cranach and Döring, 1524

$5,500.00

Quarto: 21 x 15 cm. [20] pp. A4, B2, C4

First edition of Luther’s response to the growing danger posed by the radical preacher Thomas Münzer, who was ultimately executed the following year for leading the violent, open revolt that came to be known as the Peasants’ War.

In 1523, Thomas Münzer, formerly the leader of the radical “Zwickau Prophets” began to radicalize the area of Allstedt, where he was then pastor, preaching that the ungodly were to be eliminated and the elect would establish a kingdom of Christ on earth and threatening the political rulers of the area with rebellion.

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Benzing 1927; Kessler 553; Title border: Luther, “Titeleinfassungen der Reformationszeit”, 43c