The Protestant Reformation, English & Continental

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The Augsburg Confession

AUGSBURG CONFESSION. Luther, Martin (1483-1546); Melanchthon, Philip (1497-1560)
Confessio Fidei exhibita inuictiss. imp. Carolo V. caesari aug. in comicijs Augustae. Anno M.D. XXX. Addita est Apologia confessionis [Bound with: Confessio doctrinae saxonicarum ecclesiarum. Leipzig, V. Bapst, 1553]

Wittenberg: Georg Rhau, 1542, 1556

$7,500.00

Octavo: 15 x 10 cm. I. a-h8; A-Z8, Aa4 (lacking blank Aa4). II. A-L8 (with blank L8)

Bound in contemporary alum-tawed pigskin over wooden boards, one clasp defective, binding soiled and mildly worn and with small defects. The boards are ruled and tooled in blind, signed and dated “IPN 1556”. The contents are in excellent, crisp condition (one leaf working loose, marginal tear in margin of leaf E5, no loss). With a historiated woodcut title border to the “Apologia”.

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I. VD 16, ZV 31340; II. VD 16, C 4807

A Fine, Large 13th c. "Proto" Paris Bible

BIBLE MANUSCRIPT, with prologues and the Interpretations of Hebrew Names
Decorated manuscript on vellum, in Latin

France (Paris?), early 13th century

$175,000.00

Contents: The books of the Bible and prologues are very close to the standard Paris sequence (f.1), omitting Psalms, and with a capitula list for Genesis; the Interpretations of Hebrew Names in the version from Aaz to Zuzim (f.167), alphabetised to the first two letters; preceded by added notes on the four types of biblical exposition (historical, tropological, anagogical, typological) and the seven rules of theology (f.

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The 1549 Estienne Greek New Testament

BIBLE. ESTIENNE PRINTING FIRM.
Tes Kaines Diathekes hapanta. [Novum Testamentum ex bibliotheca regia].

Paris: Robert Estienne, 1549

$6,500.00

16 mo. 2 volumes. 12.1 x 7.8 cm. I : 528 p. (Collation: a-z8, A-K8), II : 361 p., [1] f. (Collation: aa-yy8, zz6)

Robert Estienne’s second Greek New Testament, printed in the celebrated “grecs du roi” Greek types of Claude Garamond. With the iconic device of the French king’s printer on the title pages and the Estienne device at the end of the second volume.

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Renouard, Annales Estienne, 73, 1; Schreiber 102; Darlow & Moule, 4620; USTC, 150379

Otto Schäfer's Copy –An Exceptional Set in Contemporary Green Calf –Illustrated with 75 Fine Woodcuts

BIBLE. OLD TESTAMENT IN GERMAN. Luther, Martin (1483-1546), translator
Das Alte Testament Deutsch nach urspringlicher Hebreischer warheit. Mit schöner der schwersten [W]örter ausslegung.

Strasbourg: Johann Knobloch, [?January] 1524, July 1524, March 1525

$85,000.00

Folio: Three volumes bound as one. 30.5 x 20.8 cm. Vol. I: [6], CLI, [1] lvs. Vol. II: [1], CXC, [1] lvs., Vol. III: LXXXVII lvs. Collation: Vol. I: i-vi, A-Z6, Aa6, Bb8 (Bb8 blank and present.) Vol. II: A-Z6, Aa-Ii6 (Ii6 blank and present). Vol III: A-C6, D4, E-P6

A fine set of an early printing of Luther's German Old Testament, profusely illustrated. The first volume of the Old Testament, including the Pentateuch, was first published at Wittenberg by Melchior Lotter, the Younger, for Lucas Cranach and Christian Döring,in mid-1523.

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The Protestant Martyrs. With the Ballad of John Careless, Later adapted by Shakespeare in King Lear

Coverdale, Miles (1488-1568)
Certain most godly, fruitful, and comfortable letters of such true saintes and holy martyrs of God, as in the late bloodye persecution here within this realme, gaue their lyues for the defence of Christes holy gospel: written in the tyme of theyr affliction and cruell imprysonment.

London: By Iohn Day, dwelling ouer Aldersgate, beneath Saint Martines, 1564

$16,000.00

Quarto: 18 x 13.5 cm. [8], 46, 49-689, [5] p. Collation: A4, B-C8, D8(-D8), E-I8, K8(-K6), L-Y8 2A-2X8, 2Y8 + [hand]Y4 (Leaves D8 and K6 are canceled, as intended.)

An important collection of writings by English Protestants, many of whom had been martyred, compiled and with a preface by Miles Coverdale. There are letters by Lady Jane Gray (1536/7-1554) (a letter written “to her syster the Ladye Katheryne, immediately before she suffered”), John Bradford (1510?-1555) (including a partial reprint of \"An exhortacion to the carienge of Chrystes crosse\", STC 3480.

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STC 5886

Two Holograph Letters of Joseph Creswell, S.J., with arguments to the Spanish King for the conversion of England & A Second Spanish Armada

Creswell, Joseph, S.J. (1557 – ca. 1623)
[Two documents on paper, in Spanish, signed Joseph Creswell] Con muchas y evidentes señales ha declarado Dios Nuestro Señor y se[gui]ra declarando cada dia, que es servido reducir el Reino de Ingla[ter]ra otra vez a n[uest]ra S[an]ta Fee, y que aver dilatado esta reduccion, ha sido para hazer la major, disponiendo en este medio asi a los naturales para q la reciban…

1. No place, ? St. Alban 29 March, 1597 And, 2. "en este Collegio" ? St. Alban 1597

$16,000.00

Folio: 31 x 22.5 cm. I. [3] pp. II. [8] pp.

Two manuscript letters, apparently unpublished, by Joseph Creswell, S.J. advising Philip II, King of Spain, on the restoration of Catholicism in England, , apparently written at St. Alban's College, Valladolid, Spain in early 1597. The letters are addressed to an unnamed religious figure, apparently close to the king, who heeds his counsel. These letters are not found in Calendar of State Papers, Spanish (Simancas, Valladolid).

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“The Land of Welfare” - The First Protestant Utopia

Eberlin von Günzburg, Johann (b. ca. 1470)
Ein newe ordnu(n)g weltlichs sta(n)dts das Psitacus anzeigt hat in Wolfaria beschriben. Der XI. bu(n)dtgnosz.

[Basel: Pamphilus Gengenbach] 1521

$8,500.00

Quarto: 20 x 15 cm. [6] lvs. (the last a blank)

In the utopian vision “Wolfaria” (the Land of Welfare) Eberlin describes an idealized society under the leadership of a democratically elected nobility. The work occupies an intermediate position between reality-related pragmatism and a purely utopian program. It is significant for foreshadowing ideas that will be re-emerge in the Twelve Articles of the German Peasants in 1524 (Eberlin, himself the son of peasants, was born into poverty in Swabia.

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Prietzel, Gengenbach Nr. 82; VD16, E-114; USTC 645150; Peters Nr. 17; Winter, Compendium Utopiarum I, p. 30, Nr. 39

First Edition of Queen Elizabeth’s Visitation Articles

ELIZABETH I, Queen of England (1533-1603)
Articles to be enquyred in the visitation, in the fyrst yeare of the raygne of our moost drad soueraygne Lady, Elizabeth by the grace of God, of Englande Fraunce, and Irelande, Quene, defender of the fayth. &c. Anno 1559

London: Imprinted… in Povles Churcheyarde by Richard Iugge and Iohn Cavvood, Printers to the Quenes Maiestie, 1559

$22,000.00

Quarto: 18 x 13 cm. [14] pp. Collation: A-B4 (lacking blank leaf B4)

With the signature of the 16th c. book collector Humphrey Dyson (1582-1633) at the foot of the title page. The bookplate of Albert Ehrman, with his motto “Pro Viribus Summis Contendo” is affixed to the front pastedown. This was lot 270 in the 1978 sale of Ehrman’s library. Very rare. ESTC locates 4 copies in the U.S.: Folger, Huntington, Harvard, Yale.

First edition of the first visitation articles established for the reformed church after Elizabeth’s accession.

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STC 10118

Queen Elizabeth’s Royal Injunctions of 1559 – With Injunctions Regulating the Printing of Books

[Elizabeth I, Queen of England (1533-1603)]
Iniunctions geuen by the Queenes Maiestie, anno Domini 1559, the fyrst yere of the raigne of our soueraigne lady Queene Elizabeth

No place, no printer [R. Jugge], ca. ? 1572

$6,800.00

Quarto: 18.2 x 12.3 cm. [32] p. Collation: A-D4

Extremely rare. ESTC locates 1 copy (Cambridge, St. John’s College). A total of 10 editions of the 1559 injunctions were printed between 1559 and ca. 1574 (all dates in ESTC are conjectural and marked with “?”). In aggregate, the number of copies from all editions combined that are held in North America is 7. Holdings as follows: Folger (1559?), Berkeley (1559?), Folger, Huntington, LC (1569?), Union Theological (1559?), Harvard Law (1574?)

The Royal Injunctions of 1559 were one of the five principal elements of the Elizabethan Religious Settlement, along with the Act of Supremacy, Act of Uniformity, The Thirty-Nine Articles, and The Book of Common Prayer.

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ESTC S2083; STC 10102.10

The Rare 1524 Paris “Praise of Folly”

Erasmus, Desiderius (ca. 1466-1536)
Moriae encomium D. Erasmi Roterodami cu[m] Gerardi Listrii trium linguarum periti commentariis. Praemittuntur Ludus L. Annei Senec[ae], de morte Claudii, cu[m] scholiis Beati Rhenani. Synesius Cyrenen[sis] de Laudibus caluitii. Adduntur Martini Dorpii theologi ad Erasmum epistola et Erasmi ad eandem responsio apologetica.

Paris: Jodocus Badius Ascensius, 1524

$12,500.00

Quarto: 19.8 x 14.5 cm. CXX leaves. Collation: a-p8

The rare 1524 Parisian “Praise of Folly”, printed by Erasmus’ friend, the scholar-printer Badius Ascensius, who printed the fourth edition in 1512. This edition differs markedly from the 1512 edition and contains all of the supplementary texts found in the Froben editions, including the dedicatory letter to Thomas More, whose name Erasmus plays upon cleverly in the title of the work; and the letter to Martin Dorp in which Erasmus explains his motives for writing the “Moria”: “My aim in the ‘Folly’ was exactly the same as in my other works.

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Vander Haeghen I, 123; Kossmann 979; Bibl. Belgica E 866; (Not in Bezzel, De Reuck, or BM STC French); Renouard, Badius II, 424; Adams E 397. Inventaire chronologique des editions Parisiennes du XVIe siecle III, no. 669; Renouard, Imprimeurs Parisiens du XVIe siècle II, no. 539

“Friends hold all things in common”

Erasmus, Desiderius (ca. 1466-1536)
Chiliades Adagiorvm: Opvs Integrum Et Perfectum D. Erasmi Roterodami, locupletatum & recognitum, quem admodum in extremis conatibus autori uisum est ; Acceßit indicibus antiquis in hac impreßione nouus & tertius ...

Cologne: Ex officina Ioannis Gymnici, 1540

$6,500.00

Folio: 31.2 x 20 cm. [88], 3-874, [1] pp. A-d6, e8, f-g6, A-Z6, Aa-Zz6, Aaa-Zzz6, Aaaa-Dddd6 (last leaf is blank.)

A very rare Cologne edition of Erasmus’ beloved and extraordinarily influential “Adages”, first conceived as a collection of proverbial sayings drawn from the Latin authors of antiquity elucidated for the use of those who aspired to write an elegant Latin style. In its first incarnation, the “Adagia” consisted of about eight hundred proverbs. The present version, Erasmus' "Adagia Chiliades" (“Thousands of Adages”) is more than just a vastly expanded edition of that first enterprise: "

A glance at its composition reveals that the ‘Adagia Chiliades’ was in fact -as well as in name- a new book, and that Greek scholarship was largely responsible for the difference.

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Van der Haeghen I, 4; Bezzel, 83; VD16 E 1944

The 1515 Froben “Praise of Folly”

Erasmus, Desiderius (ca. 1466-1536): Piccolomini, Aeneas Sylvius (Pope Pius II) (1405-1464); Wimpfeling, Jakob (1450-1528): Lactantius, Lucius Caecilius Firmianus (ca. 240 – ca. 320): Lactantius, Lucius Caecilius Firmianus (ca. 240 – ca. 320)
[Bound with:] Piccolomini, Aeneas Sylvius (Pope Pius II) (1405-1464); Wimpfeling, Jakob (1450-1528) Germania Enee Silvii: in qua candide lector continentur : gravamina germanice nationis : confutatio eorundem cum replicis ; de concilio Constantiensi & Basiliensi ; describuntur hic urbes, civitates, ecclesie, episcopatus, abbacie, principatus & principatus & nobilissime familie Germanorum… De concordatis principum. De officio pape & suis officialibus. De veritate Christiane religionis Strasbourg: Excusum per Renatu[m] Beck in aedibus zum Thiergarten, 21 June 1515 [Bound with:] Lactantius, Lucius Caecilius Firmianus (ca. 240 – ca. 320) Lepida Lactantij Firmiani opera accurate græco adiuncto castigata: Eiusdem Nephytomon: Carmina de Phoenice. & Christi Resurrectione. Io. Chry. de Eucharistia sermo. Lau. Val. sermo. Phil. ad theo. Adhortatio. Paris: Jean Petit, In vico Sancti Iacobi, 1513

Basel: and Strasbourg: and Paris: Io. Froben, and Excusum per Renatu[m] Beck in aedibus zum Thiergarten, and Jean Petit, In vico Sancti Iacobi, 1515 and 1515 and 1513

$20,500.00

Large Quarto: 3 works bound in one volume: I. Piccolomini: i-iv, A-B4, C8, D-E4, F8, G-H4, I8, K-L4, M8, N-O4, P6. II. Lactantius: A6, B4, a-z8/4, A-D8/4, E6, F-N8/4, O6, P4. III. “Praise of Folly”: a-h4, a-z4, A-B4, C6

This edition includes the original dedicatory letter to Thomas More, whose name Erasmus plays upon cleverly in the title of the work; and the letter to Martin Dorp in which Erasmus explains his motives for writing the “Moria”: “My aim in the ‘Folly’ was exactly the same as in my other works. Only the presentation was different. In the ‘Enchiridion’ I simply outlined the pattern of a Christian life.

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I. “Germania”: BM STC German p. 701 = Proctor 10307. Not in Adams. Panzer VI.75.410. Ritter 1878. Muller, Bibliographie Strasbourgeoise II, 228 no. 26. Schmidt (Beck) 21. II. Lactantius: Adams L-14; BSB-Ink L-13; HC 9819; Moreau, Inventaire chronologique II 637. III. “Praise of Folly”: Vander Haeghen I, 122; Kossmann 967; Bezzel 1304; Not in De Reuck; BM STC German p. 282; Adams E 392; VD, 16E 3184

“My yoke is sweet and my burden light.” A Vernacular Translation of Erasmus’ Annotation on Mathew 11:29-30

Erasmus, Desiderius (ca.1466-1536)
Herr Erasmus von Ro||terdam/ verteutschte außlegung/|| über das/ go[e]ttlich tro[e]stlich wort || vnsers lieben Herrñ vnnd selig=||machers Christi/ Nement auff || euch mein Joch/ vnd ler=||nent von mir.

[Mainz: Johann Schöffer], 1521

$5,200.00

Quarto: [8] pp. Collation: AA4

A German translation of Erasmus’ annotation on Mathew 11:29 (taken from his “In Novum Testamentum annotationes”) in which Erasmus differentiates between the divine order and human positive law. He laments that people ignore the commands of God and follow human law instead: ‘Christ’s law is inviting and easy, but it becomes onerous and difficult through the addition of human prescriptions and dogmas.

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Bezzel 1228; VD16 E 3106

A Painter turned Pamphleteer

Greiffenberger, Hans (fl. 1524)
Ein trostliche ermanung den angefocht(e)n gewissen vo(n) wegen gethoner sünd, wye un(d) wamitt Sye getröst werdenn, den Sathan, sich nit erschrecken lassenn.

Augsburg: M. Ramminger, 1524

$4,500.00

Quarto: 20.5 x 15.5 cm. [12] p. Collation: A6

Hans Greiffenberger was a Nuremberg painter who ran afoul of the authorities for both his art and for his subversive religious activism. In October 1524 he was investigated on the charge of creating an unsuitable and offensive painting and "because he seduces the people to a new sect." The artwork was described as "a shameful painting that he made against papal sanctity."

While he lacked the literary skills of Hans Sachs, Greiffenberger's works had a similar immediacy.

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VD 16, G 3155; Kuczynski 939

An Empty Bladder: Mocking Leo X’s Bull

Hutten, Ulrich von (1488-1523)
Dialogi novi, perquam festivi. Bulla, vel Bullicida. Monitor primus. Monitor secundus. Praedones.

[Strasbourg: Johann Schott], 1521

$6,500.00

Quarto: 21.5 x 15.5 cm. 37, [1] lvs. (final leaf blank). Collation: A-H4, I6 (I6 blank and present)

Sole edition of these new satiric dialogues. In the “Bull or Bull Killer”, Hutten satirizes Leo X’s bull “Exsurge Domine”, which threatened Luther and his followers with excommunication.

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VD 16, H 6311; Benzing, Hutten; 161; Panzer IX, 456, 2; Hohenemser 2756; Oldenbourg, Baldung Grien L 182

Syphilis, Fortune, & Roman Decadence

Hutten, Ulrich von (1488-1523)
Dialogi. Fortuna. Febris prima. Febris secunda. Trias Romana. Inspicientes.

Mainz: Johann Schöffer, 1520

$5,900.00

Quarto: 20 x 14.5 cm. [144] p. Collation: A-B4, C6, D-N4, O6, P-R4.

First edition of this important collection. Only the first “Fever” poem had appeared previously (in 1519). The anonymous German satire "Trias Romana"(1519) is a different work than Hutten's satire of the same name.

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VD 16, H 6346; Benzing, Hutten 122; Fairfax Murray 215

“It has been established that the Church itself, in matters of faith, is above the pope.” – Luther’s First Appeal to a Church Council

Luther, Martin (1483-1546)
Appellatio. F. Martini Luther ad Concilium.

Leipzig: Valentin Schumann, 1518

$8,500.00

Quarto: 20.5 x 15.5 cm. [8] p. Collation: A4

Luther’s pivotal appeal to a church council, written on 28 November 1518, six weeks after his meeting at Augsburg with Cardinal Cajetan, who had instructions and authority from the pope to have Luther apprehended and brought to Rome for examination should he fail to recant his errors. Luther wrote the appeal in anticipation of his excommunication. The printed appeal opens and closes with the attestation of the notary to whom Luther presented the document.

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Benzing 242; Knaake I, 47; VD 16, L 3846

The Immaculate Virgin

Luther, Martin (1483-1546)
Ayn Sermon am tag unser Frawen Liechtmeß gethon zuo Witemberg durch Doctor Marthin Luther. Im Jar MDXXIII.

Augsburg: Melchior Ramminger, 1523

$4,500.00

Quarto: 20 x 15 cm. [8] pp. Collation A4

A sermon for Lichtmeß (Candlemas), the feast of the presentation of the infant Jesus in the temple and the purification of Mary (February 2). Jesus takes as his text Luke 2:22-39.

For the complexities of Luther’s evolving Mariology, see Thomas O'Meara, Mary in Protestant and Catholic Theology (1966). “Luther's attitude toward the theology of Mary and toward the devotion which a Christian should have to the Mother of God is a small-scale representation of his entire religious accomplishment.

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Benzing 1746; VD16 L-6084

The Antichrist Usurps the Name of the Church

Luther, Martin (1483-1546)
Ad Librum Eximii Magistri Nostri Ambrosii Catharini Defensoris Silvestri Prieratis Acerrimi Responsio Martini Lutheri. Wittembergae, Mense Aprili. Cum exposita Visione Danielis, viii. De Antichristo.

Wittenberg: [Melchoir Lotter], 1521

$4,500.00

Quarto: 21 x 15.5 cm. a-r4 (lacking final blank leaf r4) 115 pp.

Luther's response to Ambrosius Catharinus Politus' (1487-1552) "Defense of the True Catholic and Apostolic Faith and Doctrine against the Disease-spreading Dogma of Martin Luther" (Florence, 1520). In his defense of papal supremacy, Catharinus also defends the opinions of Sylvester Mazolinus de Prierio (Prierius, d. 1523), Pope Leo X's theologian and the first man to censor Luther's works.

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Benzing 880; Adams L 1841; Kessler # 271; BM STC German p. 540; Pegg, Bibliotheca 911; VD 16, l 3706; Schrodt & Vogelstein 163; Kuczynski 1417

Against the Radical Preacher Thomas Münzer. Luther warns of Open Rebellion on the Eve of the Peasants’ War

Luther, Martin (1483-1546)
Eyn Brieff an die Fürsten zu Sachsen von dem auffrurischen Geyst. Wittenberg

Wittenberg: Cranach and Döring, 1524

$5,500.00

Quarto: 21 x 15 cm. [20] pp. A4, B2, C4

First edition of Luther’s response to the growing danger posed by the radical preacher Thomas Münzer, who was ultimately executed the following year for leading the violent, open revolt that came to be known as the Peasants’ War.

In 1523, Thomas Münzer, formerly the leader of the radical “Zwickau Prophets” began to radicalize the area of Allstedt, where he was then pastor, preaching that the ungodly were to be eliminated and the elect would establish a kingdom of Christ on earth and threatening the political rulers of the area with rebellion.

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Benzing 1927; Kessler 553; Title border: Luther, “Titeleinfassungen der Reformationszeit”, 43c