Comets

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Charting Comets & Renaming the Constellations

ASTRONOMY. COMETS. Weigel, Erhard (1625–1699)
Speculum Uranicum / Aquilae Romanae Sacrum / Das ist / Himels Spiegel / darinnen ausser denen ordentlichen auch die ungewöhnli- chen Erscheinungen des Himmels / mit gebührender Anführungen abgebildet / vornemlich aber 7 der im Gestirne des Adlers / jüngst- hin entstandene Comet / nebst einer neuen Himmels-Charte unter dem Adler des H. Römischen Reiches / dargestellt wird / von Erhardo VVeigelio, ...

Jena: bey Samuel Krebsen, in Verlegung Thomas Matthias Götzen, 1661

$5,800.00

Quarto: 19.8 x 16 cm. [128] p. π1, ):(4, A-M4, a-c4

A rare astronomical work by the astronomer Erhard Weigel, a teacher of Gottfried W. Leibniz. The engraved frontispiece shows a man holding a telescope, standing before the University of Jena, with other astronomical instruments (quadrants, sextants, a globe, etc.

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Zinner p. 582; Poggendorff II, 1283; Kenney 20; Brüning 1061; Pogg. II, 1283; Struve 17; Bircher A1193; FdF 1506-07; not in Hou-zeau-L.; Lit.: Klaus-Dieter Herbst (ed.). Erhard Weigel (1625–1699) und die Wissenschaften. Frankfurt a.M.: Peter Lang 2013

The Controversy over the use of Telescopic Sights. Hevelius observes the Skies with Edmond Halley Two Months Before his Observatory is Lost to Fire

ASTRONOMY. Hevelius, Johannes (1611-1687)
Johannis Hevelii Annus climactericus, sive Rerum uranicarum observationum annus quadragesimus nonus; exhibens diversas occultationes, tam planetarum, quàm fixarum post editam machinam coelestem; nec non plurimas altitudines meridianas solis, ac distantias planetarum, fixarumq́ue, eo anno, quousque divinaconcessit benignitas, impetratas: cum amicorum nonnullorum epistolis, ad rem istam spectantibus: & continuatione historiae novæ stellæ in collo Ceti, ut & annotationum rerum coelestium ...

Danzig: Sumptibus auctoris, typis D.F. Rhetii, 1685

$35,000.00

Folio: 34.8 x 22.5 cm. [6] lvs. 24, 196 pp. Collation: )( 6, )(4, )()(4, )()()(4, A-Z4, AA6. With engraved title page vignette and 7 (1 double-page) engraved plates.

“Annus Climactericus” was the last of Hevelius’ works published in the author’s lifetime. The book comprises observations of the planets, sun, moon, and fixed stars, many of which were made alongside the English astronomer Edmond Halley. The observations were made from 8 January until 25 September 1679, subsequent to the publication of the second volume of Hevelius’ “Machina Coelestis”, almost the entire press run of which was lost in the fire that destroyed Hevelius’ observatory on 26 September 1679.

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VD17 39:125045B; DSB 6, 363; Honeyman 1675. For a thorough discussion of the Hevelius-Hooke controversy, see Saridakis, “Converging Elements in the Development of Late Seventeenth-Century Disciplinary Astronomy: Instrumentation, Education, and the Hevelius-Hooke Controversy”, p. 129 ff.; For an assessment of the relative accuracy of Halley’s and Hevelius’ computations at Danzig, see Cook, “Edmond Halley: Charting the Heavens and the Seas”, p. 93 ff.; For Hevelius’ work on the binary star Mira Ceti, see Hatch, “Hevelius- History and Identity”, in “Change and Continuity in Early Modern Cosmology”, p 158 ff.; For D. Capellus’ contemporary account of the fire and a detailed inventory of Hevelius’ losses, see MacPike, “Hevelius, Flamsteed, Halley”, Appendix I. (London, 1937)

Observing Kirch's & Newton’s Comet

COMETS. Hagen, Joachim Heinrich
Joachim Heinrich Hagens / eloqv. poes. et mathes. Prof. Publ. / Bemerkung / der jüngsten grossen / Comet - Erscheinungen / auf Hoch= Fürstlichen gnädigsten Befehl / verabfasst und hervorgegeben.

Bayreut(h): Johann Gebhard, im Christ Jahr 1681

$3,600.00

Quarto (200 x 160 mm.) [8], 79 p. Collation: ):(4, A-K4

An extremely rare work on the great comet of 1680 with references to Riccioli, Hevelius, Tycho Brahe, Kepler, Descartes, et al. by a friend and pupil of the mathematician & astronomer Erhard Weigel (1625 – 1699). I have located only 1 copy outside of Germany (at the Adler Planetarium.

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VD17 12:161198H; Brüning 1410; Robinson no. 22; Reiss XXXXVI, 814. KVK: München, Erlangen, Coburg, Heidelberg, Göttingen, Leipzig, Halle; outside Germany exceedingly rare with only one copy at Adler Planetarium.

Observing Newton’s Comet

COMETS. Lips(en), Friedrich Gustav
Ohnvorgreiffliche Gedancken / über den im Monath Novemb(er). und Decemb(er). An(no). 1680. /und 1681. im Jenner erschienenen/ Cometen / nebenst vier erörterten Fragen über das Vorgestellte / Bedencken von Cometen; / zum andernmahl vermehrter herauß gegeben von / Friedrich Lipsen/ des Rotenburg. / Gymnasii Rectore.

Rotenburg ob der Tauber: druckts und verlegts Friedrich Gustav Lipß, 1681

$3,250.00

Quarto (204 x 163 mm) [8] p.

Exceedingly rare, revised and expanded edition of a pamphlet on the comet of 1680 and 1681, known variously as the Great Comet, Kirch's comet (after its discoverer), or Newton's Comet. The author, Friedrich Gustav Lips of Crailsheimwas director of the imperial gymnasium at Rothenburg ob der Tauber from 1666-1683.

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VD17 12: 641538V; Brüning 1318 (1680 ed.); Houzeau - Lancaster 5770; Robinson no. 33; Z&K XXXI, 851; KVK: Erlangen, München; OCLC: only NYPL; COPAC: only National Library Scotland.

Observation & Prognostication - The Comet of 1664

COMETS. Richter, Johann (i.e. Praetorius, Johann) (1630-1680)
Meridionalis Nuncius, Das ist Ein Wunderseltzamer Südischer Crinit= oder Comet= Stern / Welchen der Allmächtige und Getreue Gott im Reste des 1664. Jahrs nach Christi Geburt / vom Außgange Novembris biß in den Decembrem weit hinein / an Himmel gegen Mittage / nach Mitternacht in denen Morgen-Stunden / der untern Welt zur Warnung und Erleuchtung / angebrandt und hernieder gehänget hat: wie solcher von etlichen Jahren … vom Herrn D. Tackio und Barth. Schimpfero &c zuvor verkündiget / und prognosticiret worden: nebst einem astrologischen und cabbalistischen judicio so wohl jenes südischen / als des allerneuesten Nordischen Cometens illustriret / Von Johanne Richtern / Astrophilo.

Leipzig: bey Christian Kirchner, 1664 or 1665

$3,500.00

Quarto: (195 x 160 mm) [32] p. (last page blank). Collation: A-D4.

First edition of this work on the comet of 1664 with a detailed description of the path of the comet. The author is Johannes Praetorius (i.e., Hans Schultze 1630-1680), here writing under the pseudonym of Johannes Richter “astrophilus"(star-lover).

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Dünnhaupt 18; Kat. Wolfenbüttel A 3163 (Pseudonym left unresolved); VD17 3:011703A (likewise without resolving the psudonym); Bircher A1148; Brüning 1092 (under Praetorius); Rosenthal 3623; Houzeau-L. 5737; Gundel, Naive 95

Zanotti Discovers the Comet of 1739

Zanotti, Eustachio (1709-1782)
La Cometa dell’ anno MDCCXXXIX (1739) osservata nella Specula dell ‚istituto delle Scienze di Bologna nè mesi di Maggio, Giugno, Luglio, e Agosto.

Bologna: nella Stamperia di Lelio dalla Volpe, 1739

$4,200.00

Quarto: 26 x 20 cm. With a large folding engraved plate (365 x 500 mm) by Ignatio Bergonzoni: \"Viaggio apparente della cometa osservata in Bologna l‘ anno 1739.\"

First edition, description of the comet of 1739 (C/1739 K1), discovered by Zanotti with his naked eye and observed by him using a telescope at the Bologna Observatory over a period of four months, from 27 May to 17 August 1739. It was the discovery and observation of this comet, which he declared had a parabolic orbit, that first brought Zanotti to the attention of the international scientific community.

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Brüning 1644; Peddie NS, 166b. KVK: only Kiel; COPAC: BL London, Warburg Inst.; OCLC: Adler Planetarium; Univ. Wisconsin; Oklahoma, Huntington.