Rare Books & Manuscripts: February 2020

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The First Printed Architectural Treatise

Alberti, Leon Battista (1404-1472)
De re aedificatoria.

Florence: Nicolaus Laurentii, Alamanus, 29 December 1485


Chancery Folio: 28 x 20.8 cm. 204 unnumbered lvs. Complete. Collation: a-d8, e6, f-o8, p6 q-z, &8, )8, rum8. In signature a, a1 is unsigned and a2-4 are signed ai, aii, aiii. (a1r is blank, a1v is the dedication to Lorenzo de’Medici. The text begins on leaf a2r). Colophon on leaf 203v, verses to the reader by “Baptista siculus,” and register on leaf 204).


The contemporary annotations, while sporadic and few, give an indication of the interests of a Renaissance reader.


BMC, VI, 630; BSB-Ink A-125; Cicognara, 370; Fowler, 3; Goff, A-215; GW, 579; HC, 419; Millard Italian 4; PMM, 28

Canadian Native Americans as victims & perpetrators of violence

AMERICAS. CANADA. Bressani, Francesco Giuseppe (1612-1672)
Breve Relatione d’Alcune Missioni de’ PP. della Compagnia di Giesù nella Nuova Francia.

Macerata: Heirs of Agostino Grisei, 1653


Quarto: 21.5 x 15.5 cm. [4], 8 pp., 9-10 ll., 11-127, [1] pp. Collation: π2 A4 B4 (±B1.2) C-Q4

FIRST EDITION of one of the most important eyewitness accounts of 17th-century Canada devoted primarily to the Huron Indians, but also with accounts of other groups, including the Jesuit author’s captivity and mutilation under the Iroquois. He also devotes 25 pages to a 1643 letter written by his Jesuit colleague Isaac Jogues (1607-1646), who was killed by the Mohawks.

Bressani (1612-1672), an Italian Jesuit, travelled to Canada as a missionary in 1642.


Alden & Landis 653/15; De Backer & Sommervogel II, col. 133; Walter, Jesuit relations, 43; Church 524; James Ford Bell Lib. B-407; JCB II, p. 428; Lande, Canadiana 57; McCoy, Jesuit relations 82; Sabin 7734; not in Eberstadt; Streeter.

A Guide to the Largest and Most Prestigious Building of the Dutch Golden Age

Description of the Cityhouse of Amsterdam, with an Explication of the emblematical Figures, Painting, and Images, etc. which are within and without this glorious Building.

Amsterdam: Printed by the Heirs of J. Ratelband and Company, 1738


Octavo: 15 x 9.5 cm. 98 p., A-F8, G1. With four folding plates

The rare first edition in English of this guidebook to Amsterdam’s enormous neo-classical City Hall (Stadhuis), now the royal palace known as the ‘Paleis op de Dam’. The building is considered the most prestigious of buildings from the Dutch Golden Age.


ESTC records five copies only (Emmanuel College, Cambridge; Boston Athenaeum, Folger; and National Library of Australia), to which STCN adds University of Amsterdam.

Achieving a Synthesis of Architecture, Painting, & Scenography

ARCHITECTURE. THEATER DESIGN. Galli Bibiena, Giuseppe (1696-1757)
Architetture, e prospettive dedicate alla maesta di Carlo Sesto.

Augsburg: Andreas Pfeffel, 1740


Folio: 39.5 x 30 cm. 5 folding lvs. (1 letterpress leaf, 4 engraved lvs. (title, dedication, frontis., and portrait), 50 engraved plates divided into 5 series of 10 plates each.

First edition of this important architectural work, richly illustrated, by Giuseppe Galli da Bibiena. First edition of this richly illustrated work on architecture and perspective. The finely engraved plates show brilliant baroque compositions for catafalques, theatrical scenes, a series for the Passion of Christ in elaborate architectural settings, and the decoration of the Riding School at Vienna for the marriage of the Archduchess Mariana with Prince Charles of Lorraine.


Fowler, 136; Kat. Berlin, 4152; not in Millard; not in Vagnetti

Two New Instruments for Drawing in Perspective

ART. ARCHITECTURE. PERSPECTIVE. Gargiolli, Guglielmo (d. 1664)
Iride celeste de Guglielmo Gargiolli […] Strumento con il quale con facilita si puo disegnare qualsivoglia veduta, e sapere la sua giusta altezza, larghezza, e lontanaza dal luog'ove si sta a disegnarla.

Florence: Giovanni Antonio Bonardi, 1655


Quarto: 20.3 x 14.7 cm. 93 pp. A-M4 (H1 is a cancel, -L4), π1. With an added portrait-frontispiece of the author, 1 folding table, and 5 folding plates.

Very rare first edition of this treatise on perspective by Guglielmo Gargiolli, the renowned mathematician of the Medici courts of Siena and Florence, and a correspondent of Galileo. The work is dedicated to Ferdinand II, Grand Duke of Tuscany.


Riccardi, VII, p. 40, «E de noverarsi fra i primi tentativi di distanziometria», Riccardi mistakenly records an earlier edition of 1619 relying on Targioni, Atti, I, p. 334, but the date is obviously incorrect in respect of Gargiolli’s rather obscure biography. See ‘Le opere dei discepoli di G. Galilei, Carteggio (1642–48)’, vol. I, a cura di P. Galluzzi e M. Torrini, Firenze 1975, no. 11

The Controversy over the use of Telescopic Sights. Hevelius observes the Skies with Edmond Halley Two Months Before his Observatory is Lost to Fire

ASTRONOMY. Hevelius, Johannes (1611-1687)
Johannis Hevelii Annus climactericus, sive Rerum uranicarum observationum annus quadragesimus nonus; exhibens diversas occultationes, tam planetarum, quàm fixarum post editam machinam coelestem; nec non plurimas altitudines meridianas solis, ac distantias planetarum, fixarumq́ue, eo anno, quousque divinaconcessit benignitas, impetratas: cum amicorum nonnullorum epistolis, ad rem istam spectantibus: & continuatione historiae novæ stellæ in collo Ceti, ut & annotationum rerum coelestium ...

Danzig: Sumptibus auctoris, typis D.F. Rhetii, 1685


Folio: 34.8 x 22.5 cm. [6] lvs. 24, 196 pp. Collation: )( 6, )(4, )()(4, )()()(4, A-Z4, AA6. With engraved title page vignette and 7 (1 double-page) engraved plates.

“Annus Climactericus” was the last of Hevelius’ works published in the author’s lifetime. The book comprises observations of the planets, sun, moon, and fixed stars, many of which were made alongside the English astronomer Edmond Halley. The observations were made from 8 January until 25 September 1679, subsequent to the publication of the second volume of Hevelius’ “Machina Coelestis”, almost the entire press run of which was lost in the fire that destroyed Hevelius’ observatory on 26 September 1679.


VD17 39:125045B; DSB 6, 363; Honeyman 1675. For a thorough discussion of the Hevelius-Hooke controversy, see Saridakis, “Converging Elements in the Development of Late Seventeenth-Century Disciplinary Astronomy: Instrumentation, Education, and the Hevelius-Hooke Controversy”, p. 129 ff.; For an assessment of the relative accuracy of Halley’s and Hevelius’ computations at Danzig, see Cook, “Edmond Halley: Charting the Heavens and the Seas”, p. 93 ff.; For Hevelius’ work on the binary star Mira Ceti, see Hatch, “Hevelius- History and Identity”, in “Change and Continuity in Early Modern Cosmology”, p 158 ff.; For D. Capellus’ contemporary account of the fire and a detailed inventory of Hevelius’ losses, see MacPike, “Hevelius, Flamsteed, Halley”, Appendix I. (London, 1937)

An Unpublished Architectural Treatise – Illustrated with 20 Drawings

Bianconi, Domenico
Vedute d'architettura antica in prospettiva di Domenico Bianconi alla Reale Academia di Francia in Roma.

Rome: the author, ca. 1760


Oblong quarto: 21 x 27.6 cm. 29 unnumbered leaves, comprising 1 blank, 2 calligraphic title pages, a portrait of the author (aged 75), 4 leaves of text with ruled borders, and 20 full-page architectural drawings in brown ink and wash.

A remarkable, unpublished manuscript treatise by Domenico Bianconi, an architect and scenographer who worked in the style of Ferdinando Galli Bibiena (1657-1743). The manuscript was written while Bianconi was professor of perspective at the French Academy in Rome.


A Fine, Large 13th c. "Proto" Paris Bible

BIBLE MANUSCRIPT, with prologues and the Interpretations of Hebrew Names
Decorated manuscript on vellum, in Latin

France (Paris?), early 13th century


Contents: The books of the Bible and prologues are very close to the standard Paris sequence (f.1), omitting Psalms, and with a capitula list for Genesis; the Interpretations of Hebrew Names in the version from Aaz to Zuzim (f.167), alphabetised to the first two letters; preceded by added notes on the four types of biblical exposition (historical, tropological, anagogical, typological) and the seven rules of theology (f.


In a Beautiful French Binding

BINDINGS. Sallustius Crispus, Gaius. (86- ca. 34 B.C.)
C. Crispi Sallustii De L. Sergii Catilinæ coniuratione, ac Bello Iugurthino historiæ. Eiusdem in M.T. Ciceronem invectiva, M.T. Cic. in C. Crispum Sallustium recriminatio, Porcii Latronis declamatio contra L. Catilinam, fragmenta quædam ex libris historiarum C. Crispi Sallustii.

Lyon: Sébastien Gryphe, 1551


Sextodecimo: 12 x 7 cm. 271 p. Collation: A-R8.

The extant works of Sallust, the "Bellum Iugurthinum",  "Bellum Catilinarium" (and associated texts), and the fragments of his "Histories," dealing with the years 78-67 B.


USTC 150814

An Illuminated Parisian Book of Hours Printed on Vellum

Hore dive virginis Marie, secundum usum Romanorum, cum aliis multis, folio sequenti notatis, una cum figuris Apocalipsis, et multis figuris Biblie insertis [With a calendar for 1513-1527]

Paris: Gilles Hardouyn for Germain Hardouyn, 9 August, 1514


Octavo: Printed on vellum.. 16.2 x 10.5 cm. 112 lvs. Collation: A-O8. Complete

Printed at Paris by Gilles Hardouyn (?1455-?1529) for his brother Germain Hardouyn (d. 1541) at his printshop at the sign of the golden rose near the Pont Notre-Dame. The metalcut illustrations were probably produced in the workshop of the Parisian artist Jean Pichore (fl.


Lacombe, Livres d'heures imprimés au XVe et XVIe siècle conservés dans les bibliothèques publiques de Paris, catalogue, no 251 (p. 146); Renouard, ICP, II, 865; Bohatta, 959; Van Praet, I, n° 116 and 132; Brunet 243; Renouard, Les marques typographiques parisiennes des XVe et XVIe siècles, 429 and 431. Another velum copy is held at the Bibliothèque Genève Switzerland.

The Sole Edition of Brathwait’s Satire on the Vices of Women

Brathwait, Richard (1588?-1673)
Ar’t asleepe husband? A boulster lecture; stored with all variety of witty jeasts, merry tales, and other pleasant passages; extracted, from the choicest flowers of philosophy, poesy, antient and moderne history. Illustrated with examples of incomparable constancy, in the excellent history of Philocles and Doriclea. By Philogenes Panedonius

London: Printed by R. Bishop, for R[ichard]. B[est]. or his assignes, 1640


17 x 11 cm. [48], 318, [8] p., [1] leaf of plates Collation: [A]1, a-c⁸, B-X⁸ (with blank X8), Y⁴

This copy conforms with Pforzheimer and lacks the bifolium “Postscript” (Z1-2) “Apparently supplementary and frequently wanting”(Grolier). It is found only in the Huntington and Harmsworth (Folger) copies in the U.S. Quire Y contains the poems "Menippus his Madrigall, to his coy-duck Clarabel” and “Loves Festivall at Lusts Funerall”.


STC 3555; Pforzheimer, 76; Grolier, Wither to Prior 86

Tattooing, Piercing, Scarification, & Genital Mutilation - An Encyclopedic Study of Body Modification

Bulwer, John (active 1648-1654)
A view of the people of the whole vvorld, or, A short survey of their policies, dispositions, naturall deportments, complexions, ancient and moderne customes, manners, habits & fashions: a worke every where adorned with philosophicall, morall, and historicall observations on the occasions of their mutations & changes throughout all ages: for the readers greater delight figures are annexed to most of the relations. Scripsit J.B. cognomento chirosophus, M.D.

London: Printed by W[illiam]. Hunt, 1654


Quarto: 18 x 14 cm. [52], 559, [31] p., (plus an engraved t.p., engraved portrait, and an added leaf with woodcuts). Collation: A4, π2 (engraved t.p. and portrait); *4, **4 (first two leaves of this sig. mis-signed with 3 stars), ***4, ****4; *****1; B-S4; π1 (leaf with woodcuts inserted after S2); T-Z4, Aa-Zz4, Aaa-Zzz4, Aaaa-Gggg4. Complete.

“‘Anthropometamorphosis’ was one of the first early modern works of what now might be termed comparative cultural anthropology, and an early study of the body as social metaphor.”(Montserrat, “Changing Bodies, Changing Meanings”) "The subject and abundant illustrations make it a desideratum in any collection of curiosa, for it describes and illustrates every conceivable alteration of the human body by man’s design or by nature.


Krivatsy/NLM 1928 (1653 issue); Norman 372 (1650 edition); Wellcome II, p. 270; ESTC R3856; Wing (2nd ed., 1994) B5461; Pforzheimer 115; Grolier, Wither to Prior, I, iii. Hoe Cat. I (1903) 165

Praised by Copernicus in Book I of the ‘De Revolutionibus’ for Capella’s Model of Heliocentric Orbits

Capella, Martianus Minneus Felix. (circa 420-490), Edited by Franciscus Vitalis Bodianus.
Opus Martiani. Capellae de Nuptiis Philologiae & Mercurii libri duo. De Grammatica. Liber. Tertius. De Dialectica. Liber. Quartus. De Rhetorica. Liber. Quintus. De Geometria. Liber. Sextus. De Arithmetica. Liber. Septimus. De Astronomia. Liber. Octavus. De Musica. Liber. Nonus.

Modena, Dionysius Bertochus, 15 May, 1500


Bound with:

Hyginus, C. Julius (1st century A.D.); Aratus, of Soli. (c. 315-c. 245 B.C.); Proclus Diadochus (ca. 410-484)

Fabularum Liber, Ad Omnium Poetarum Lectionem Mire necessarius, & nunc denuo excusus: Eiusdem Poeticon Astronomicon Libri quatuor. Quibus accesserunt similis argumenti, Palaephati de fabulosis narrationibus, Liber I.


I. Goff C-118; Hain 4371*; Klebs 668.2; Smith (Rara Arithmetica) p. 67; Pell 3225; IGI 2427; Pr 7215; BMC VII 1068 (IB 31860). II. Wellcome I, 3377; Zinner 1592

The First Illustrated Martial bound with A Catullus Incunable

Catullus, Gaius Valerius (ca. 84- ca. 54 B.C.); Tibullus (ca. 50- ca. 18 B.C.); Propertius, Sextus. (ca. 49- ca. 16 B.C.); Martial [Marcus Valerius Martialis] (c. 40 - ca. 104 A.D.)
Tibullus, Catullus & Propertius cu[m] commento. Venice: Bonetus Locatellus for Octavianus Scotus, 5 December 1491 [Bound with] Epigrammata cum Do. Chal. ac Geo. Me. Commentariis

Venice: Venice: Philippus Pincius (Filippo Pinzi), 1510


Folio: 31 x 21.5 cm. I. (Catullus) [158] lvs. Collation: A-c8, d-e6, f-s8, t-x6 (lacking blank leaf x6). II. (Martial) CLXI lvs. Collation: A-T8, V10 (lacking blank V10)


The book is illustrated with 15 woodcuts, beginning with a scene showing five seated figures writing, the central three identified as Martial and his commentators Domizio Calderini (1447-1478) and Giorgio Merula (ca.


I. Goff T-372; Hain 4763; Proctor 5029; BMC V, 439; Literature: Julia Craig Gaiser, “Catullus” in “Catalogus Translationum et Commentariorum”, Vol. VII). II. EDIT 16, CNCE 34895

“The Most Extensive Collection of Engravings of Sculpture Published in the 16th Century” -Thomas Ashby

Cavalieri, Giovanni Battista (1525-1597)
Antiquarum statuarum urbis Romae primus et secundus liber. Ludouico Madrucio S.R.E. Card amplissimo dic. Baptista de Caualleriis authore

[Rome:] no printer, no date, ca. 1574- 1584


Quarto: Engraved title page and 100 engraved plates. Complete.

The publishing history: According to Thomas Ashby’s classification of the editions, the first edition of Cavalieri’s book of statues appeared before April 1561. That edition, the “Liber Primus” consisted of only 58 plates, all of which were from original drawings, except for the plates of Pasquino and Marforio, which were copied from Lafrery’s “Speculum”.


Edit16: CNCE 10454

With Contemporary Annotations

Cicero, Marcus Tullius (106-43 B.C.); Lorich, Reinhard (ca. 1510-1564?)
Ad C. Herennivm rhetorica, iam recens in succinctam compendij redacta formam, & in appositas ad puerorum ingenia tabulas digesta. Nonnullis autem in locis ex optimorum autorum monumentis locupletata, per Reinhardvm Lorichium Hadamarium. Frankfurt am Main: Christian Egenolph, 1541 Hermogenes of Tarsus. (fl. 161-180 A.D.); Priscian (fl. 500 A.D.), trans. Ad artem oratoriam praeexercitamenta, Prisciano interprete. Nuremberg: Johann Petreius, 1544 Cicero, Marcus Tullius (106-43 B.C.) Rhetoricorvm ad C. Herennium, libri IIII. In eorundem obscura & difficilia loca annotationes perutiles & necessariae, à Gyberto Longolio conscriptae. Eiusdem ... Ciceronis de inuentione rhetorica libri II. Cum M. Fabij Victorini ... commentarijs ... Cologne: Johann Gymnichs Erben, 1544 Zasius, Ulrich (1461-1535) In M. T. Ciceronis rhetoricam ad Herennium enarratio, nunc primum in lucem edita ...

Basel: [Robert Winter], 1537


Octavo: 15.8 x 10 cm. I.[ 54], [2] (blank) lvs. Collation: A-G8 (G7, 8 blank); II. [14], [2] (blank) lvs. Collation: a-b8 (b7, 8 blank); III. 538, 5 p. Collation: A-Z8, AA-LL8; IV. [36], 293 p., [1] bank leaf. A8, B10, a-s8, t4 (t4 blank)

Four publications on rhetoric, featuring (most prominently) Cicero’s “De Inventione” and the pseudo-Ciceronian “Rhetorica”, as well as the digest version of the “Rhetorica” by Reinhard Lorich, the printing of which required that some passages be printed vertically on the same page with other, horizontal passages.


I. VD 16, C 3875; Not in Adams, Benzing, Schweiger, or STC (+ Suppl.) II. VD 16, H 2481; Not in Adams, Benzing, Schweiger, or STC (+ Suppl.) III. VD 16, ZV 3481; Schweiger II1, 115; Not in Adams or STC (+ Suppl.) IV. VD 16, Z 143; Not in Adams or STC (+ Suppl.)

A Landmark in the Development of French Cuisine

COOKING. FOOD & DRINK. Massialot, François, (ca. 1660-1733)
Le nouveau cuisinier royal et bourgeois : qui apprend a ordonner toute sorte de repas en gras & en maigre, & la meilleure maniere des ragoûts les plus délicats & les plus à la mode, & toutes sortes de pâtisseries : avec des nouveaux desseins de tables ... [3 volumes].

Paris: Claude Prudhomme, 1733 [and] 1730


Duodecimo: : 16.1 x 9.8 cm. Vol. I: a2, e4, A-Vv8/4, Xx2. [and 11 added plates] Vol. II: π1, A-Z8/4, Aa-Xx8/4. Vol. III: π2, A-Z8/4, Aa-Hh8/4, Ii2 [and 12 added plates]

"Le cuisinier roial et bourgeois"

"François Massialot was at home in all three culinary métiers: cuisine, pâtisserie, and confectionery, which made him a rarity in any generation in any country.


See Cagle, Matter of taste (2nd ed.), no. 318, who erroneously calls the 1733-4 edition the first to include the 3rd volume. Not in Oberlé, Les Fastes de Bacchus et de Comus.

Defending the Scots (and the Act of Union)

Defoe, Daniel (1661?-1731)
The Scots Nation and Union Vindicated; from the Reflections cast on them, in an Infamous Libel, Entitl'd, The Publick Spirit of the Whigs, &c. In which the most Scandalous Paragraphs contain'd therein are fairly Quoted, and fully answer'd.

London: Printed for A. Bell at the Cross-Keys and Bible in Cornhill; and sold by J. Baker at the Blak-Boy in Pater-Noster-Row, 1714


Quarto: 20.3 x 15.5 cm. 28 p.

Widely attributed to Daniel Defoe. The pamphlet is a full-throated refutation of Jonathan Swift’s anti-Scottish slurs in his “Public Spirit of the Whigs”. “Defoe called the pamphlet a ‘foolish Lybel,’ ‘preposterous,’ and ‘plain Lyes,’ likened the author to a ravenous beast and a cruel monster, and challenged England to match the nobility and bravery of the Scots, especially on the field of battle.


Furbank, Defoe, 160 (P); Moore 273; ESTC T56966

Dangerous Satire in the Court of a Tyrant

Elyot, Thomas, Sir (1490?-1546)
Pasquyll the playne

London: In ædibus Thomæ Bertheleti typis impress. 1540


Octavo: 14.6 x 9.5 cm. 46 pp. Collation: A-B8, C8 (lacks blank C8)

“Elyot's first published work after ‘The Governor’ of 1531 and his subsequent personal remonstrance to the King in June 1532, was a small pamphlet, ‘Pasquil the Plain’, printed anonymously by Thomas Berthelet in 1533.


"The True Foundation of Modern Entomology" - First Edition of the first Natural History book Written and Printed in England

ENTOMOLOGY. Moffet, Thomas (1553-1604); Penny, Thomas (ca. 1530-1589)
Insectorvm Sive Minimorum Animalium Theatrvm: Olim ab Edoardo Wottono. Conrado Gesnero. Thomaqve Pennio inchoatum: Tandem Tho. Movfeti Londinatis opera sumptibusq; maximis concinnatum, auctum, perfectum: Et ad vivum expressis Iconibus supra quingentis illustratum.

London: ex Officina typographica Thom. Cotes. Et venales extant apud Guiliel. Hope, ad insigne Chirothechae, prope regium Excambium, 1634


Folio: 30 x 19 cm. A6, a4, B-Z6, Aa-Dd6, Ee4

FIRST EDITION of the "true foundation of modern entomology"(Raven, English Naturalists from Neckham to Ray, 1947).  The ‘Insectorvm Sive Minimorum Animalium Theatrvm' (Theater of Insects, the Smallest of Animals) is the first substantial scientific treatise devoted exclusively to entomology and the first original treatise devoted to natural history composed in England.


Garrison-Morton 288; Lisney, pp. 4-9; Norman 1528; Raven, English naturalists, ch. 10; STC 17993a; Huntington Catalogue p. 297; Nissen 2852; Horn.-Schenkl. III, 15547; Hagen I, 553